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Full text of "Vaughan Family of Wales"

Notes 
on the 
Vaughan Families 
of Wales 



(c)B.H.J.Hughes 1999 



VAUGHAN family of Bredwardine, Herefordshire 3 

Moccas Court 4 

Vaughans of Clyro Radnershire 4 

X ref also Vaughan Family of Courtfield Herefordshire 5 

Vaughans of PONTFAEN. Pontfaen 5 

Vaughans of Dyffryn Achddu 6 

Vaughans of Gelli Gatti 6 

Vaughans of Llether Cadfan 6 

VAUGHAN family, of Hergest, Kington, Herefords 7 

VAUGHAN family of Llwydiarth, Mont 8 

VAUGHAN, EDWARD (d. 1661 ), Master of the Bench of the Inner Temple 8 

Vaughans of Caer-Gai 9 

VAUGHAN family, of Trawsgoed (Crosswood;), Cards 9 

VAUGHAN family, Pant Glas 10 

Vaughan Family of Corsygedol 11 

Vaughan of Cystanog 12 

Vaughan family of Courtfield Herefordshire 13 

Vaughan family of Golden Grove 14 

Epitaph of Lady Vaughan in St Peter's Church Carmarthen 16 

The Cadet Families of the Vaughans of Golden Grove 18 

Thomas Vaughan Of Plas Gwyn LLandyfaelog 18 

LLETHER CADFAN, Llangathen 18 

Cromwell at Golden Grove? 19 

Hirlas Horn at Golden Grove 19 

Derwydd 20 

Vaughans of Derllys Court 20 

Trecoed and Cambriol 21 

New Camhriol 21 

Tretower 24 

TRETWR, 24 

Sir Thomas Vaughan of Monmouth /Tretower 25 

Henry and Thomas Vaughan of Tretowers 26 

HENRY VAUGHAN, SILURIST 26 

Vaughans of Gelli-gaer descended from Lewis, 27 

Vaughans of Cathedine descended from Roger 27 

Vaughans of Merthyr Tydfil descended from William; 27 

Vaughans of Coedkernew descended from John 27 

Vaughans of TRIMSARAN (PLAS), Pembrey 28 

Penybanc Issa - Abergwili 29 

Vaughans of Llanelli 29 

Vaughans of Whitland 29 

Vaughan of Narberth 29 

. Vaughan of Jordanston 29 

Vaughan's of Tre-cwn 29 

Vaughans of Gelli-goch 29 

Vaughans of Hengwrt 30 

Vaughans of Nant-Gwyn 30 

Vaughan- minister of Rubuxton 31 

Richard Vaughan Bishop of Bangor/Chester/London 31 

Vaughan - Sheriff of Haverfordwest 32 

Vaughans and the Quakers 32 

Vaughans of Conway 32 

Sir GRUFFUDD VAUGHAN, (d. 1447), soldier, of Broniarth and Trelydan, parish of Guilsfield, Mont. 

32 

John Vaughan of Cuckoo, Haverfordwest 33 

The Vaughans of South Pembrokeshire 34 

Bishop Vaughan and Lamphey Palace 35 

The Vaghan's of South Pembrokeshire 1330's 36 

Walter de Seys 39 



Pembroke 42 

EXPENSES 42 

Vaughans of St Issels ( now Saunderfoot) Pembrokeshire 43 

43 

Vaughans - Marches 43 

THE GREAT SESSIONS 43 

RECOGNISANCES FOR KEEPING THE PEACE TAKEN IN THE GREAT SESSIONS AT 
NEWPORT IN 14.76 43 



VAUGHAN family of Bredwardine, Herefordshire. 

Just of the B4352 road between Herefored and Hay on Wye 

It is situated in one on the most beautiful spots in the country, on the banks of the Wye river sheltered by the 

wooded hills . 

A beautiful mellow brick bridge crosses the river and the village has an early red brick inn called the Red Lion . 

The Norman Church is curiously shaped and partly built of tufa ( a porous rock found around springs) The west 

end is completely Norman but the majority of the rest which curves slightly to the north was completed in the 

14th century. The tower was added on in the 18 th century but may have replaced an earlier one. Inside there are 

two efficies of medieval knights. The later one, in alabaster, is reputed to be that of Sir Roger Vaughan who 

fought at Agencourt with Henry V. The Vaughans lived at the castle but only the earth works remain. It was on 

a spur of land overlooking the river to the South East of the Churchyard. 

This was the main branch of the Vaughans who traced their descent, through WALTER SEYS, to 
MOREIDDIG WARWYN from whom the family's coat of arms, three boys heads with a snake entwined 
about their necks, came, and then to DRYMBENOG ap , MAE NARCH, lord of Brycheiniog. 

The family had accumulated property at Llechryd and Cwn Du before Walter de Seys or Walter Seys fought on 
the side of Edward III both in Scotland were the prowess of the Welsh archers first came to the fore and then in 
the Wars in France where the welsh archers proved so valuble both at Crecy and later under Henry V at 
Agencourt. Many of these Welsh archers were mounted and thus far more mobile, dismounting to fire at the 
enemy. They were paid 6 pence per day - a very high rate for the time. He was a trusted official of Edward III 
and was involved with the responsibility of sorting out the estates of John Hastings Earl of Pembroke ( a Minor ) 
after the excecution of Roger Mortimer who had previously been trustee for them. 

See Walter de Seys 

Walter Seys married the only daughter and heiress of Sir Walter Bredwardine and lived at his wife's home. His 
son Rhosier Hen inherited and married a daughter of Sir Walter Devereaux a famous and influential family who 
later became the earls of Essex.. Walter Seys also had a son called Roger Vychan whose mother was 
Matilda verch Ieuan ap Rees He also held lands in the Lordship of Talgarth ( Cardiff Library Brecknock deeds 
no 3 dated 26 th Nov 1383) 

Roger Vaughan left three sons by Gwladys, daughter of Dafydd Gam 

Watkin, Vaughan heir of Bredwardine, 

Thomas ap Roger- who founded the Vaughan of of Hergest family, 

and (Sir) Roger Vaughan- founder of Vaughan Of TretOWer family 

They were brought up with their uterine brothers, William Herbert, earl Of Pembroke (d. 1469) , and 
Sir Richard Herbert (d. 1469), sons of Sir William ap Thomas of Raglan (d. 1446). 

Gwladys died, in 1454. 

Watkin Vaughan was killed by an arrow one source says at Hereford another at the battle of Mortimers Cross. 
He had married Elizabeth daughter of Sir Henry Wogan and had at least fifteen children. One of them William 
Vaughan Of RhydheNg the second son slew the earl of Warwick , the kingmaker, when the earl was 
trying to escape from the battle at Barnet in 1471. He was regarded as the supreme champion on the battle field 
after the death of his uncle Thomas ap Roger Of Hergest He was constable of Aberystwyth castle 

Another of Watkins sons, Lewis Vaughan was described as being of Llanbedr, Painscastle and Rhulen. 
From John Vaughan another of his sons were descended the Vaughans Of Pont-faen 

Another John Vaughan , an illegitimate son of Watkin Vaughan was father of Sir Hugh Johneys knight of the 
Sepulchre 

Watkin Vaughan' s heir was Sir Thomas Vaughan who married Eleanor daughter of Robert Whitney. 

His heir was Sir Richard Vaughan knighted at Tournai on the 14 th October 1513, Sheriff of Herefordshire in 
1530 and 1541 ( therefore must have owned considerable property in that county at the time) and married Anne 



daughter of John Butler and heiress of the Dunraven and Pen-bre estates. The main line of the family moved 
from Bredwardine to Dunraven 

Sir Richards Vaughan's heir Walter Vaughan was Sheriff of Carmarthenshire in 1557 and was certainly 
living at Dunraven in 1584. 

1610 - Rowland Vaughan of Bredwardine appealed to the Earl of Plymouth to destroy his weirs on the River 
Wye as they were interfering with the navigation of the River. 

Walter Vaughan's heir was Thomas Vaughan Sheriff of Carmarthenshire in 1566 and 1570. He married 
Catherine daughter of Sir Thomas Johnes of Abermarlias. Thomas Vaughan purchased the estate of Fallestone 
Wiltshire. 

alter Vaughan's second son was Charles Vaughan who was ancestor of the Vaughans of Cwmgwili and Pen-y- 
banc 



Thomas Vaughan's heir was Sir Walter Vaughan who was knighted on 27 th June 1603 and is buried at Tenby 

Pembrokeshire . 

Sir Walter Vaughan's heir was Sir Charles Vaughan who married Francis daughter and heiress of Sir Robert 
Knolles of Porthaml. This brought the estates of Porthaml into the Vaughan family 

Sir Charles Vaughan's son Thomas Vaughan inherited the estates. He sold Dunraven. When he died without a 
male heir the main line died out. He left the remaining estates to his sister Bridget Vaughan who in 1677 
married John Ashburnham later Lord Ashburnham. 

At Bredwardine a cadet branch theVaughanS Of MOCCaS held the property. 

The first recorded was Watkin Vaughan on 17 th Dec 1584 when he wrote to Lord Burghley. His wife was Joan 
daughter of Miles ap harry of Newcourt and niece to Blanch Parry queen Elizabeth's maid of honour. 

Watkin Vaughan Of MOCCaS and Bredwardine had two sons Harry Vaughan who was the heir to 
Moccas and Bredwardine and who married the great granddaughter of Hugh Lewis of Harpton and Rowland 
Vaughan who was a author and published a book on waterworks and had correspondence with William Herbert 
Earl of Pembroke in 1610. His wife was Elizabeth daughter of Rowland Vaughan Of Porthaml linking 
the cadet line with that of the main line. 

Harry Vaughan Of MOCCaS and Bredwardine heir was Roger Vaughan who had matriculated at 
Oxford on 11 May 1604 age 15. He rebuilt Bredwardine Castle in 1639-40. 

His son Harry Vaughan married Francis daughter of Walter Pye in 1635 they had no heirs of the marriage and 
Francis Vaughan after Harry's death married Edward Cornewall of Stapeton and his son inherited Moccas and 
purchased Bredwardine 

Moccas Court 

In Herefordshire 

On the curve of the river Wye just south of a village called Monnington on the A438 Hereford to Hay road. A 
lane leads past a lodge then on to a classical brick built house designed by Robert Adams and built by Anthony 
Keckley for the Cornewall family. The grounds were laid out by Capability Browne . In the park there is a 
Norman Church which has been restored It was built of tufa in about 1130 and has some 14c stained glass. 



Vaughans of Clyro Radnershire 

A cadet branch of the Vaughans Of HergeSt and through them the Vaughans of Bredwardine 

Roger Vaughan third son of Thomas ap Roger Vaughan of Hergest married Jane daughter 

of David ap Morganap John ap Phillip. Their heir was Roger Vaughan who married Margaret daughter of Rhys 
ap Gwilym ap Llewelyn ap Meyrick He is supposed to have been the commissioner of tenths of spiritualities in 



Radnorshire in January 1535 and would thus have been involved in surveying the monastic houses and chapels 
which lead to the dissolution of the monasteries. 

Roger Vaughan had at least two sons, Roger Vaughan the heir who married Margaret daughter of Sir William 

Vaughan of Porthaml 

and Thomas Vaughan Of LlOWeS who married Sibyl daughter of Howell ap Thomas Goch. 

Thomas Vaughan described then as being of Clyro was pardoned for murder on 14 th August 1536 

Roger and Thomas Vaughan came into conflict with Bishop Rowland Lee in 1538. The cause is unknown but it 
was serious enough for Thomas Cromwell to order them to be taken under escort to London and into his 
presence - At the time Thomas Cromwell was a senior minister for the Crown. 

Roger Vaughan later achieved respectability and became sheriff of Radnorshire in 1576-7. After his death his 
wife Margaret married as his second wife Charles Vaughan Of HergeSt. 

Roger Vaughan and Margaret's son Roger Vaughan inherited the Clyro estate. He married Margery daughter of 
Richard Monington. This Roger was on the Commission of the Peace in Radnorshire,Herefordshire and 
Brecknock, deputy lieutenant of Radnorshire, member of Parliament for Radnorshire 1572-83 and Sheriff of 
Brecknockshire in 1595-6. He was a very close friend of Sir Gelly Meyhck Of Pembroke who was an 
adjutant to the Earl of Essex and Meyrick was executed with the earl after the Essex rebellion of 1601. 

Roger Vaughan's son John Vaughan who was Sheriff of Radnorshire in 1607 married the heiress of Richard 
Baynham of Aston Ingham Herefordshire and the family moved to live on her estates.. 

X ref also Vaughan Family of Courtfield Herefordshire 

Vaughans of Dunraven - see Bredwardine 

Vaughans of PONTFAEN. Pontfaen. 

PONTFAEN. Pontfaen. 

An attractive commodious mansion standing near the parish church on a steep slope above the upper waters of 
the river Gwaun which flows for some seven miles to reach the sea at Fishguard. Behind the mansion, the land 
risesto the north-east, to the hill tops of Mynydd Morfil and Mynydd Cilciffeth, and before it, across the river 
the land rises to Mynydd Melyn in Llanychlwydog and Mynydd Dinas in the parish of that name. The original 
mansion stood there in early medieval days, and, with a few architectural changes, has retained its status to the 
present day. The house is protected by a copse of well grown trees. In 1811 Fenton observed: 'Pontvaen which 
was inhabited by a family of considerable influence in this country within these sixty years, of the name of 
Laugharne, the heiress of which married Rowland Philipps Esq., of Orlandon, whose son John Philipps 
Laugharne Esq., my old friend and school-fellow, is the present proprietor'. Some thirty years afterwards S. 
Lewis wrote/ Pontvaen House, formerly residence of the Laughames, and now, by purchase, together with the 
estate, including the whole of the parish, the property of Henry Rees, Esq., is a handsome mansion, pleasantly 
situated and surrounded with thriving plantations'. In 1863 the Pontfaen estate in Pontfaen,Morfil, 
Llanychlwydog, and Llanychaer parishes, was advertised for sale, and we are informed the demesne having 
been in the proprietor's (Henry Rees) own hands for some years, has been farmed, drained, and improved at a 
very considerable outlay, under the best system of husbandry, and is now in splendid condition. The mansion 
and offices having been built of late years and in thorough repair ... 

Pontfaen had been the house of three successive families for many centuries. The first known proprietors 
descended from the Dyfed princeling, Gwynfardd Dyfed, whose arms were: azure a lion rampant or between an 
orle of eight roses of the second, was borne by his descendants. 

In the years 1350-1400 the owner was Rhys ap Robert ap Owen, said to have been the first of his line to settle at 
Pontfaen, and was followed by his son Gwilym Vychan who was there in the 1440s. His son Llewelyn, 
succeeded him and the estate passed to his only child, the heiress, Llenca. She married shortly before 1491, John 
Vaughan of Abergavenny descended from the Breconshire chieftain, Moreiddig Warwyn whose coat of arms 
was: gules three boys' heads each with a snake proper entwined around each neck. John settled at his wife's 
house, and was the first of the Vaughans there. In those days Pontfaen was a substantial building, and in 1670 
contained five hearths. Six generations of Vaughans continued at Pontfaen which eventually passed to the ulti- 
mate heiress, Lettice Vaughan who married in 1625 Francis Laugharne, younger brother of Major General 
Rowland Laugharne, who took a prominent part in the Civil War in West Wales. Ann Vaughan, grand-daughter 



and heir of the said John and Llenca, married her kinsman, John Laughame of St. Brides. Six generations of 
Laugharne lived at Pont faen until the marriage of the ultimate heiress, Anne Laugharne in 1750, to Rowland 
Philipps of Orlandon a cadet of the Picton Castle family, who there upon adopted the surname Philipps 
Laugharne. Later descendants inherited the baronetcv of the Picton Castle family, the last of them being Sir 
Godwin Philipps who died aged 17 in 1857. 

Most of the properties of the Laugharnes lay in St. Brides and Haverfordwest, and the later generations took 
little interest~ in their Pontfaen inheritance and in 1823 the Pont faen estate was sold to Henry Rees of Roch 
parish. Thus after over five and a half centuries, Pontfaen passed to a stranger. Some time after 1845, Henry 
Rees sold Pontfaen to the Gowers of Castle Maelgwyn in North Pembrokeshire. In 1863 it was sold to Richard 
Arden, a wealthy London lawyer. It eventually came to the Buckinghamshire family called Camm. In 1941 C.B. 
Camm sold Pontfaen and part of the estate to Major John Francis D.L. of Carmarthen, father of Captain John 
Francis, O.B.E., D.L. whose daughter is the owner at the time of writing. 

Refs: Pembs. RO, LT 1786; Dwnn, ii, 172-3, 244; NLW, Poyston Deeds; Francis Jones, "Pontfaen' in.Journal 
NLW ?977; Fenton Tour Pembs. 1812; S. Lewis Top. Dictionary of Wales. 
—Illustration of the house attached 

Wednesday, July 28th, 1999 " 

MRS E. M. VAUGHAN FISHGUARD 

(formerly of the Gwaun Valley) 

The death occurred on Wednesday at Parc-y' Nursing Home, Ambleston, of Elizabeth Mary Vaughan of Carreg 

Onnen, Fishguard. She was aged 86. 

A native of Little Newcastle, she was born at Summerton West Farm and on her marriage moved to Pontfaen 

Farm in the Gwaun Valley before moving to Pontfaen House on retirement in 1965. She had lived at Carreg 

Onnen, Fishguard, for the last 10 years. 

A popular and well-known per son, she was involved in a number of activities and had been a faithful member 

of the Jabes Baptist Chapel for many years. 

She was predeceased by her husband Saunders in 1986 and her brother Mr William Luke of Selvage, Clarbeston 

Road, and her sister Mrs Annie Thomas, formerly of Rhysgwyllt, Letterston. 

She leaves to mourn her brother Mr Edward Luke of Awel Har , Little Newcastle, together with her. nephews 

and nieces and their families. The funeral was strictly private and took place yesterday (Tuesday) with a service 

at Feidr Castell Chapel of Rest, Fishguard, followed by interment at St Brynach Church Cemetery, Pontfaen. 

The funeral was conducted by Mr William H Lewis, Ford Bungalow, Wolfscastle. 



Vaughans of Dyffryn Achddu 

In late 17c was the residence of James Vaughan gent. Son of Thomas Vaughan of Farthingshook Pembrokeshire 
a cadet of the ancient family of Pontfaen In 1670 was assessed for 5 hearths. In 1683 James Vaughan and his 
son James Vaughan mortgaged the property in the sum of £90 to Thomas Vaughan of Vorlan Maenclochog gent 
and Margaret his wife. And the next year the same properties were mortgaged to John Evans of Trefenty gent. 
This caused problems as to the true ownership and the Vaughans settled at Gelligatty 



Vaughans of Gelli Gatti 

James Vaughan sixth son of Thomas Vaughan of Farthingsbrook Pembrokeshire is described as of Gelli Gatti in 
September 1668. He was still living there in 1680 During the next century the estate became part of the Golden 
Grove estate and is included in the estate books for 1782-87 



Vaughans of Llether Cadfan 

Thomas David Rhys of Blaenant married Sibyl fourth daughter and co-heiress of Thomas Vaughan of Llether 

Cadfan ( alive in 1597) husband and wife were living in 1613. 

LLETHER CADFAN, Llangathen. 

Llether Cadfan is located half a mile north of the cross-roads of Broad Oak. It is large cross-passage house, 

consisting of a 16th century part, now used as an outhouse, the other part (which continues to be inhabited) has 



17th century wooden transomed and mullioned windows, and once had an ornate plaster ceiling: in the other part 
is a stone staircase. A porch with an upper storey is the main entrance. The interior doors, fireplaces, and 
panelling were removed to Edwinsford and fitted into that house. Nevertheless, it remains one of the most 
interesting traditional residences in the county. The earliest known owners was the family of Vaughan 
descended from Elystan Glodrudd. Thomas ap Thomas Fychan of Llether Cadfan was the father of Gwilym ap 
Thomas, Esq., of the Body to King Henry VIII. He married Gwenllian daughter of Llewelyn ap Gwilym of 
nearby Bryn Hafod. Their son David Vaughan succeeded, and it was his son Thomas Vaughan who was in 
possession in 1597 Thomas was the last of the male line and died leaving three daughters as co-heiresses 

VAUGHAN family, of Hergest, Kington, Herefords. 

The first of the Vaughans to reside here was Thomas ap Roger Vaughan, son of Roger 

Vaughan Of Bredwardine, who was killed at Agincourt (see Vaughan family of Bredwardine). His 

mother was Gwladys, daughter of Dafydd Gam He was, therefore, a full brother of Watkin 
Vaughan of Bredwardine, and Sir Roger Vaughan of Tre tower (see vaughan family of 

Tretower), and a uterine brother of Sir William Herbert, earl of Pembroke and of Sir Richard Herbert His wife 
was Ellen Gethin, daughter of Dafydd ap Cadwgan ap Phylip Dorddu, one of the Vaughans Of Tyle GlaS. 
The earliest record of him is that he was constable of the castle of Huntingdon (some two miles from Hergest) in 
1422. He was receiver of the three lordship~ of Brecknock, Hay, and Huntingdon in 1453- At the Coventry 
Parliament of 1457, he was granted a general pardon with others of his kinsmen and neighbours ~ an indication 
that Henry VI's advisers hoped to prevent them from throwing in their lot with the York party. 

Vaughans - Marches 

1451 6 January Thomas Vaughan of Hergest who died in 1469was appointed receiver of the lordship of 
Brecon 

Again in 1460, he was placed on a commission to seize in the king's name; the castles and manors of the duke 
of York and the earl of Warwick in Elvell, Melenith Gwerthrynion, and on the Herefordshire border In 1461, he 
was appointed receiver of the lordships during the minority of the heir to the duchy of Buckingham. Like his 
brothers however, he joined the Yorkists. He is found with them on commissions of oyer and terminer in North 
Wales in 1467, and it was with their forces that he marched to his death at the field of Edgecote, near Banbury, 
in 1469. There is some uncertainty about the date of his death.. From Lewis Glyn Cothi's elegies upon his death 
it could be argued that he fell in the main battle on the 26 th , and there was a tradition in the family in the time of 
Dr. John David Rhys that he, and not Sir Richard Herbert, was the hero of that battle. His body was brought 
home for burial at Kington, and, despite much renovation, the alabaster tomb, which his widow had erected in 
that church, survives to this day. He is said to have been 69 years old when he died. In the pedigree books, he is 
described as lord of Hergest, Blethvaugh, Nash, and Llaneinion. His widow was living at Nash, near Presteign, 
in 1474, when she obtained an indulgence for those who would pray for her husband's soul. There is a tradition 
that she slew, with her own hand, her cousin Sion Hir ap Phylip Fychan, to avenge the death of her 
brother, Dafydd Fychan Of Llin~Vent in LlanbiSter, whom he had killed. Thomas Vaughan and Ellen 
had three sons, Watkin Vaughan, Richard Vaughan , who died shortly after his father and Roger Vaughan 
(See Vaughan family Of Clyro}, and one daughter, AliceVaughan wife of Robert Whitney, The heir, 
Watkin Vaughan, maintained the tradition which made Hergest a resort for the greatest Welsh bards of the 15th 
cent. For three generations Welsh culture found a home at Hergest. There were preserved the 'Red Book of 
Hergest,' which is now at the Bodleian Library, Oxford, and the White Book of Hergest,' the collection of 
Welsh prose and verse which was lost in the Covent Garden fire of 1808. Watkin Vaughan married Sybil, 
daughter of Sir John Baskerville, and grand-daughter of Sir Walter Devereux. His cousin, 'William Herbert, earl 
of Huntingdan, gave him the stewardship and receivership of the castle and lordship of Huntingdon, 
Herefordshire, in 1484, and he was made seneschal of the lordship of Brecknock by Thomas ap Sir 
Roger Vaughan Of TretOWer. He was an arbitrator in a case of murder in 1485 (B.M. Harl. MS. 6079). 
The bards were extravagant in their eulogies on him. Tudur Penllyn says that he was the controller of all taxes in 
Powys, and that he was a constable on the banks of both the Vyrnwy and the Wye. Nine children are recorded to 
him. James Vaughan was the heir, The second son Roger Vaughan, who married. Ellen, daughter of Sir Thomas 
Cornewall had a daughter Sybil, wife of Hugh Lewis, Harpton, one of the commissioners who signed Gruffudd 
Hiraethog's bardic licence in 1545 and was father of John Lewis of Llynwene. 

James Vaughan Of Hergest was the other commissioner. His wife was Elizabeth, daughter and heiress 
of Sir Edward Croft. Their heir, Charles Vaughan, was Member of Parliament for Radnorshire, 1553. His first 



wife was Elizabeth, daughter of Sir James Baskerville of Eardisley, and the second Margaret, daughter of Sir 

William Vaughan of Porthaml, and widow of Roger Vaughan of Clyro. 

According to W. R. Williams, Robert Vaughan, Sheriff Of Radnorshire, 1562-3 and 1567-8, and 
Member of Parliament for Radnor borough, 1554 and 1559, was his second son by the first wife, but this is not 
firmly established. Walter Vaughan was the heir. He was followed by his son John Vaughan, who corresponded 
with Sir Robert Harley about the plague at Presteigne, 23 Sept. 1636. His heir was JAMES VAUGHAN, who 
matriculated at Oxford at the age of 16, 16 Nov. 1621. John Vaughan was his heir. Silvanus Vaughan, John's 
son, matriculated at Oxford, aged 17, 17 March 1676, and took his M.A. degree in 1682. He was rector of 
Tilston, Cheshire, and was buried at Kington, 9 July 1706. The estate went to Frances, daughter of John 
Vaughan. She married. William Gwyn Vaughan Of Trebamed (d. 1752), who was descended from an 

illegitimate son of Sir Roger Vaughan of Tretower. 
VAUGHAN family of Llwydiarth, Mont. 

This well-known family was not of Mont gomeryshire orgin. The first member, Celynin (fl. early 14th cent.), is 
said to have fled from South Wales, after killing the mayor of Carmarthen; his first wife, Gwladus, was heir of 
Llwydiarth and descended on both sides from the princes of Powys. Gruffydd, great-great grandson of Celynin, 
was an adherent of Owain Glyn Dwr and received a pardon for this from Edward de Charleton, lord of 
Powys, dated 7 Henry V. The family is not mentioned by Lewis Glyn Cothi, and presumably was not powerful 
before Tudor times. 

The Vaughans appear to have been constantly at feud with the Herberts which may explain why they provided 
no members of parliament for Montgomeryshire, and only one sheriff, John Owen Vaughan (in 1583); he 
married. Dorothy, daughter of Howell Vaughan Of GlanllyT), and sister of John Vaughan, who was 
sheriff of Merioneth in 1594. The son of the sheriff of Montgomeryshire, Owen Vaughan married. Catherine, 
daughter of Morrice ap Robert, heir of Llangedwyn, by whom he had two sons, John Vaughan (Inner Temple, 
1606) and Sir Robert Vaughan who married Catherine, daughter of William, 1st lord Powis. 

The family became extinct in the male line with Sir Robert, Vaughan and Llwydiarth and Llangedwyn were 
carried by his daughter Eleanor Vaughan to her husband, John Purcell of Nantcribba, and by their daughter to 
her husband Edward Vaughan Of Glan-llyn and Llwydiarth, sheriff of Montgomeryshire, 1688, and 
Member of Parliament for the Montgomery boroughs, and subsequently for fifty-eight years for the county, and 
great-grandson of the sheriff for Merioneth of 1594. 

The combined estates of Llwydiarth, Llan gedwyn, and Glan-llyn were again carried by Anne, daughter and 
heiress of Edward Vaughan, to her husband Sir Watkin Williams Wynn 3 rd bart. of Wynnstay, whose mother, 
Jane Thelwall, heir of Plas-y-ward, was herself fifth in descent from John Owen Vaughan of Llwydiarth . The 
marriage of Anne Vaughan of Llwydiarth North Wales to Watkin William- Wynn inl719 united a vast complex 
of estates in North Wales with a landed income of between £15,000 and £20,000. 

In Mont. Coll., xiv, is an illustrated article on the thirty armorial shields originally on the Vaughan pew in the 
church of Llanfihangelyng-Ngwynfa, Montgomeryshire later trans ferred to Wynnstay chapel. The same volume 
also contains a drawing of Llwydiarth (now demolished), taken from the duke of Beaufort's 'Progress' in 1684 

VAUGHAN, EDWARD (d. 1661 ), Master of the Bench of the Inner Temple. 

He was the fourth son of Owen Vaughan, Llwydiarth, Mont, (and Catherine, sole heiress of Maurice ap Robert, 
Llangedwyn. Like his three brothers, John Vaughan, Sir Robert Vaughan, and Roger Vaughan, he became a 
member of the Inner Temple, being admitted 12 Nov. 1618 (but was not called to the Bar until seventeen years 
later). He was destined to be involved in lengthy lawsuits which lasted for about thirty vears, these beginning 
with his claim to an estate in Montgomeryshire, Merionethshire, and Denbighshire, which had been conveyed to 
him by his brother, Sir Robert Vaughan, by a deed dated in .. 1622 ; this claim was resisted by Sir Robert's 
widow, Catherine, daughter of William Herbert, lord Powis. In Feb. 1625 /6 he was returned to Parliament for 
Merioneth. An adherent of the side of Parliament he was amongst the most eloquent in the House. He was 
prominent in the attacks on Clarendon in 1667. In May 1668 he was suddenly promoted chief justice of the court 
of Common Pleas, and knighted. He won lasting fame for his important decisian in Bushell's Case, that juries 
were not to be fined for returning a verdict against the direction of the judge. Some of his friends were men of 
great distinction John Selden,; Thomas Hobbes, who visited him thrice weekly at one period; Sir Matthew Hale, 



10 



his Acton neighbour; and Edward Stillingfleet, who preached his funeral sermon. He died, on 10 Dec. 1674, and 
was probably buried in the Temple Church, London. 

He gave some support to the king's forces during the Civil War, but he virtually retired from public life until the 
Restoration. It is said that he helped the Parliamentarians to capture Aberystwyth castle in 1646 {Cambrian 
Register, i, 165}. That cannot be proved. He was listed among the 'delinquents' on 29 June 1648. His own 
testimony in 1660 was that he was fined and his house 'totally plundered to his greate losse' (S. P. Dom., 
Charles II, 29J8, 126; see alsa Cambrian Quarterly Magazine, i, 61). In 1660, he was appointed steward of 
Mefenydd and four other Crown lordships in Cardiganshire. The earl of Carbery made him one of his deputy 
lieutenants for the county. Some Welsh matters came to his attention in Parliament. When a dispute arose 
concerning an election in Caernarvon town, he was put on the committee to examine the problem, because he 
knew 'the ancient true Celtique or Brittish tongue' In 1662, he was one of three nominated to discuss the 
suitability of translating the new Prayer Book into Welsh. Welsh history and antiquities interested him. As one 
of the executors of Selden's will, he had access to that scholar's priceless library. He retained the manuscript of 
the 'Book of Llandaff and lent it to Robert Vaughan, Hengwrt, to transcribe In one of his most noteworthy 
opinions, he held that the Westminster courts could not issue final process into Wales (Reports, 395). His 
authority was sufficient to safeguard the Welsh courts for a , period. He based his argument on the position of 
Wales in the Middle Ages and, in his belief, the situation was unchanged in this respect by the Acts of Union of 
Henry VIII. As late as 1745, his arguments were effectively used in the case of Lampley v. Thomas, when it was 
ruled that writs of latitat' could not issue into Wales (English Reports, 1 Wilsan, 193). In R. v. Athos, judge 
Fortescue suggested that he being a native of Wales, might be prejudiced in favour of his country' (English 
Reports, 8 Modern, 14-5). 

The Crosswood estate grew substantially under his administration. At the beginning of his career he bought 
lands worth ,£4,300 in Cardigan, and lands in Montgomeryshire at the end of his life. The estate was transferred 
to his only son Edward Vaughan. His wife Jane Steadman survived him. They had also two daughters Anne 
Vaughan and Lucy Vaughan. There are two oil portraits of the chief Justice in Wales one at Gwysaney and the 
other on loan to the National Library of Wales 



Vaughans of Caer-Gai 

Rowland Vaughan (c. 1590-1667), of Caer-gai, Merioneth, poet, translator, and Royalist; the eldest son of John 
Vaughan and his wife Ellen, daughter of Hugh Nanney of Nannau, Merioneth; was born about 1590. He was a 
descendant of the Vaughan family of Llwydiarth in Montgomeryshire, and it appears that it was his 
grandfather, Rowland Vaughan, was the first of the family to live at Caer-gai He spent some time at Oxford, 
although there is no record that he graduated. He married Jane,daughter of Edward 

Price, Tref Prysg, Llanuwchllyn and , he was survived by three sons and three daughters: John Vaughan who 
matriculated from Hart Hall (now Hertford College}, Oxford, in 1635, aged 18, and married Catherine,daughter 
of William Wynne of Glyn, Merioneth,and became sheriffof Merioneth in 1669-70; Edward Vaughan who 

matriculated from All Souls College, Oxford, in 1634, aged 16, graduated BA.there in 1637/8, 
and MA. from Jesus College in 1640, and became Vicar of Upchurch, Kent ( 1642), and Llanynys, Denbs. 
( 1647), and rector of Llangar ( 1662), Llanarmon Dyffryn Ceiriog ( 1662), and Mallwyd ( 1664) ; William 
Vaughan; Ellen Vaughan, Elsbeth Vaughan and Margaret Vaughan 

Rowland Vaughan played a prominent part in the public life of the county and like his father who was sheriff in 
1613 and 1620 , he was appointed sheriff in 1642. He was a staunch Royalist and it is believed that he fought as 
a captain at the battle of Naseby Caet-gai was burnt down by Cromwell's soldiers on their way from 
Montgomeryshire in 1645. Rowland Vaughan was imprisoned in Chester and his estate given to a kinsman but 
after the end of the Civil War after litigation he recovered it. 

Rowland Vaughan died on 18 th September 1667 and the Caer-gai estate passed to his eldest son John Vaughan 
who great grandaughter Mary Elizabeth married the Rev Hetwall Henry Mainwaring rector of Etwell who sold 
the estate together with that of Tref Prysg to Sir Watkin William Wynn 



VAUGHAN family, of Trawsgoed (Crosswood;), Cards. 

Until 1947, when the family residence, Trawsgoed, in the parish of Llanafan, Cards., became the headquarters 
of the agricultural advisory service for Wales, the Vaughan family could claim continuous residence on the 
same site for six centuries. Although it is a South Wales family (apart from inter-marriages with Welsh and 
English families) the pedigree is traced to Collwyn ap Tangno, who is usually associated with Caernarvonshire. 



11 



It is claimed that the first member of the family to settle at Trawsgoed was Adda ap Llewwlyn (c. 1200) ; the 
older pedigrees agree in stating that he married. Tudo (or Dudo), daughter and heiress of Ieuan Goch of 
Trawsgoed. Llywelyn Fychan, served in the court of Ultra Aeron in 1292, his grand son became deputy 
seneschal in 1 353, other descendants became bead and provosts of Creuddyn in 1391, and again in 1434; Their 
great-grandson, Moms Fychan ap Ieuan , is said to have stabilised the Fychan, hence Vaughan, as surname The 
first Vaughan to marry a Stedman of Strata Florida appears to have been Edward Vaughan (d. 1635), who 
married Jane the daughter of John Stedman. The eldest son of the chief justice and Jane (Stedman) was Edward 
Vaughan (d. 1683) who in 1677 edited his father's Reports. He was Member of Parliament for Cardigan, 26 
Feb. 1678 /9 to 28 March 1681, and was for a short time one of the Lords of the Admiralty. His wife was 
Letitia, daughter of Sir William Hooker. Their son, John Vaughan ( 1670 ?-1721 ), was created (by William III, 
i.n 1695) baron of Fethard, Co. Tipperary, and viscount Lisbume, Co. Antrim, in the peerage of Ireland. He 
married . (1 ), 18 Aug. 1692, Malet, third daughter of the 2 nd earl of Rochester, and (2) Elizabeth (d. Aug. 1716). 
By his first wife Malet, he was the father of John Vaughan, the second viscount Lisburne, and by Elizabeth, the 
father of Wilmot Vaughan, the third viscount; both of them were successively lords-lieutenant of Cardiganshire. 
Wilmot Vaughan, the third viscount, married Elizabeth, eldest daughter of Thomas Watson, Berwick-on-Tweed 
The eldest son of this marriage was Wilmot Vaughan, created earl of Lisburne in 1776. The career of their 
second son, Lieutenant General Sir John Vaughan ( 1748 ?-95), K.B., was extensive. He served in Germany, in 
America (as lieutenant-colonel, 1760-7, and as major-general, 1776-9), and in the West Indies, 1780-2. He was 
governor of Berwick, 1779-9~, commander of the Leeward Islands, and died, at Martinique. 



VAUGHAN family, Pant Glas 

(Ysbyty Ifan -the mansion disappeared a long time ago but the 'chapel of Pant Glas' in the parish church retains 
its name). The family belongs to the same stock as those of Plas Iolyn, Voelas, Cernioge, and Rhiwlas 

Thomas Vaughan (I) was the grandson of Rhys ap Meredydd of Ysbyty Ifan, and was the younger son of Robert 
ap Rhys; in his will ( 1534), Robert ap Rhys left his Dolgynwal lands to Thomas Vichan ap Robert ap 
Rice.' This Thomas Vaughan was twice married, and the following line is descended from his second 
marriage, with Catherine Gonway of Bryn Euryn, whose will was proved in 1588 ; as William Llyn (d. 1580) 
wrote an elegy on him, he too must have died, before 1580. His heir was Thomas Vaughan (II), who is 
mentioned in cywyddau written by his friend Thomas Prys of Plas Iolyn; he is said to have died, in 1654, but 
this is very doubtful, for a will proved in 1640 suggests that he was already dead. He was succeeded by his 
eldest son, John Vaughan, who was alive in 1640; he, too, is said to have died, in 1654 but, again, this is very 
doubtful, for he is referred to in a document dating from about 1636 as an 'old man' (additionally, it is stated 
that the estate is worth £400 a year), and according to the pedigree in 'Llyfr Silm' he was survived by his son 
Henry Vaughan; his widow Joan Townshend, of Shropshire) died at Pant Glas at the end of 1663 or beginning 
of 1664, at the age of 74. John Vaughan was succeeded by Henry Vaughan (I) who is, almost unanimously 
stated to have been killed in the Civil War in the assault on Hopton castle, Shropshire, in the month of Feb. 
1644; but the author The Garrisons of Shropshire, 1642-8, claims that the 'Captain Vaughan' Slain at 
Hopton was one of the unrelated VaughanS Of Shropshire. At any rate, Henry Vaughan was 
'deceased' before Feb. 1654/5, when his eldest son Thomas Vaughan became a member of Gray's Inn; his 
widow, Margaret, daughter of Bonham Norton of Church Stretton died. 8 Dec. 1669, at Glyn in Llandrillo-yn- 
Rhos, at the age of 91. They had four children. (1) Thomas Vaughan (III); little is known about him. He became 
a member of Gray's Inn in Feb. 1645/5; and married Lucy, daughter of chief justice Sir John Vaughan , 
Of Trawsgoed, Cards., and there are several references to him in the Gwydir papers; but the dates of his 
birth and death are alike unknown Neither his name nor those of his sons occur in a family will signed in July 
1693 and proved the following year, but he was certainly alive in 1681. He had two sons JohnVaughan (who 
was living in 1692) and Thomas Vaughan (IV); Thomas probably lived to inherit the estate, but by 1697 or 1698 
he, too, was dead, for the head of the family in that year was (2)Henry Vaughan (II). There was a 'Henry 
Vaughan' who was churchwarden of the parish church at Llandrillo-yn-Rhos in 1677, and as the widow of 
Henry Vaughan (I) d. at Glyn in that parish, it is reasonable to suppose that he also was living there about 1697- 
he was sheriff in. 1698, when he was referred to as 'Henry Vaughan Of Pant Glas,' and so he was 
called in the will ( 1699) referred to above, and in the Parochialia of Edward Lhuyd. The date of his death is not 
known. (3)Katherine Vaughan died a spinster at Pant Glas shortly after 1700, leaving money for the building of 
alms-houses for women at Ysbyty Ifan. (4) Anne Vaughan (who was possibly the elder daughter) who married 
into the family of the Williamses of Marl ; as her brothers and her sister died without heirs the Pant Glas lands 
were absorbed into the Marl estate. 



12 



Another member of the family is deserving of mention, namely Richard Vaughan (1621 1700)-erroneously 
stated by Griffth to be a son of Henry Vaughan (I), but it is by no means certain who he was. He fought in. the 
Civil War, and was blinded. In July 1663 he was elected one of the 'Poor Knights of Windsor,' and died. 5 June 
1700 'in his eightieth year,' in Windsor castle where he was buried. He left money for the building of an alms- 
house for men at Ysbyty Ifan. 



Vaughan Family of Corsygedol 

This is a North Wales Family and is descended from Osbwm Wyddel who married the daughter and 
heiress of the old Welsh family of Corsygedol. She was the ward of LlywelyTI the Great 
They had a son Cynwrig who had a son Llywellyn who had a son Griffith His wife was said to have been 
Lowry neice of Owain Glyn DWf. They had a son Einion who had a son Griffith. He had a third son 
Griffith who inherited Corsygedol. This Griffith took part with his cousin Dafydd ap leuan ab Einion in 
the defense of Harlech Castle against the Yorkists and it is said that he hid Jasper Tudor and the future 
Henry VII at Corsygedol before they fled to France. He was the esquire of the body to Henry VII. He had 
a son William who had a son Rhys who had a son Griffith Vaughan who signed the pedegree for Dwnn in 1588. 
He was High Sheriff for Merioneth in that year.. He rebuilt Corsyedol in 1592-2 and died on 9 th November 
1616. He is buried in Llandswywe Church to which he had added a chapel. 

His son William Vaughan Of Corsygedol who died in 1633 was High Sheriff of Caernarvonshire in 
1613 and 1632 and rebuilt Plas Hen Llanystumdwy in 1607 and the gatehouse at Corsygedol in 1630. He was 
interested in literature and a great friend of Ben Johnson. His son who died only three years after his father in 
1636 had quite a reputation in London as the abnormally stout Member of Parliament for Merioneth. He had 
married Anne daughter of John Owen of Clenennau. They had a son William Vaughan who married Anne 
daughter of the house of Nannau uniting two families who had been close. Their eldest son Griffith Vaughan 
died in 1697, without issue two years before his father. Their second son Richard Vaughan inherited and 
married Margaret daughter of Sir Evan Lloydof Bodidris Denbyshire. Richard Vaughan was constable of 
Harlech castle in July 1704 and died in 1734. They had a son William Vaughan born in 1707 who inherited and 
married Catherine daughter and eventual heiress of Hugh Nannau. William died in 1775 his only daughter who 
had married David Jones Gwynne of Taliaris Carmarthenshire had predeceased him in 1758 and the estates 
passed to his brother Evan Lloyd Vaughan who also became constable of Harlech Castle. Evan Lloyd 
Vaughan was Member of Parliament for Merioneth He died in 1791 and the estates passed to his niece 
Margaret wife of Sir Roger Mostyn bart.. 

From THE NATIONAL LIBRARY OF WALES JOURNAL - XIII THE DECLINE OF THE WELSH 
SQUIRES 

No intermarriage with merchant families took place among the Merioneth gentry, and at no time did landed 
wealth mingle with fortunes made in trade. It was customary for partners to be sought for within the class of 
squires to which a family belonged. Mesalliance was discouraged but it was not unkown Heiresses, of course, 
ranked even higher in the marriage market. In the marriage contract of William Vaughan of Corsygedol and 
Catherine Nanney in 1732, provision was made to raise a portion of ,£4000, and the Nannau estate was 
mortgaged to secure this sum, although Catherine eventually inherited the estate. The ratio of jointure to portion 
was more generous in the marriage settlements of the eighteenth century than in those of previous times. Before 
the marriage was solemnized between Hugh Vaughan of Hengwrt and Jonet Nanney in 1719, a dowry of £2500 
was decided upon, but the parties to the contract haggled over the size of the jointure. Robert Vaughan proposed 
£250, but the bride's mother insisted on ,£300 and stipulated that £2000 of the £2500 should be laid out to buy 
land of the value of £100 a year towards the jointure. 

At the same time, one branch of the Vaughans of Merioneth was absorbed into the orbit of another substantial 
North Wales dynasty. After the death of Evan Lloyd Vaughan in December 1791, the Corsygedol estate and its 
satellites went to the heiress, Vaughan's niece, Margaret, who married Sir Roger Mostyn. Earlier in the century, 
Anne, the second daughter and heiress of Edward Vaughan, married Sir Watkin Williams Wynn, and took him 
as her dowry the combined estates of Glanyllyn, Llwydiarth and Llangedwyn.' The last male representative of a 
distinguished line would sometimes insist on the family name being preserved by the heiress's family. 

Only rarely did estates come onto the market, but when they did they were absorbed not by the new landlords 
but into existing aggregations of property. The Lloyds of Plas-yn-ddol, in Edeirnion, became extinct in the late 
seventeenth century, and their propertyJ was ultimately bought up by Colonel Vaughan of Rug. 



13 



Both the Spartan and the prodigal were to be found among the members of the landed families, and the folly of 
the one could undo utterly the work of the other. The danger was ever present that what one generation acquired 
the next would dissipate. For the preservation of inherited wealth, one weak link in the chain could be 
disastrous. Just such a spendthrift, one who fell prey to high living and whittled away a fortune, was Hugh 
Vaughan of Hengwrt. At the height of misfortune he was literally run out of all : in 1778 he quitted his estate 
and fled before the bailiff. Hengwrt, however, had a history of indebtedness that may be traced back to the 
tenure of Hugh's father, Robert Vaughan. It was he who entered into the mortgage of £600 with William Powell 
of Welshpool in 1749, a commitment wrhich later bore heavily on his hapless son. Hugh Vaughan inherited the 
encumbered estate in 1750 but his improvidence during the following decade forced him to arrange 
a second mortgage in December 1761 with William Owen of Porkington. After one year this mortgage, now 
worth £2500 was conveyed to the Rev. Hugh Pryse. At about this time, Vaughan's debt to Powel amounted to 
£4,200. In April 1765 a mortgage was arranged with Robert, the heir of William Powell, in order to clear the one 
of 1749. In this way the principal was continually growing, to say nothing of the creeping tide of interest. When 
in I 765 Pryse's mortgage was made over to Sinai Lloyd, a widow of Oswestry, Vaughan's loan from this source 
amounted to £10000 Madam Lloyd's son was the attorney, Robert Lloyd, who, through his mother and by his 
marriage to Robert Powell s daughter, eventually inherited both the chief mortgages on the Hengwrt estate. 
The lawyer did not scruple to foreclose on the mortgages. But Vaughan's insolvency first prompted Lloyd to 
distrain upon the formers chattels in the early I760's. The gentry rarely shrank from helping a neighbour in 
trouble, and the squires of Rhiwlas, Maesyneuadd and Rhiwddeiliog now joined together to buy up the goods on 
Vaughan's behalf for £400. In 1766, however, the lands belonging to the "manor' of Hengwrt were advertised for 
sale by Robert Lloyd without Vaughans permission. An auction was averted, but for the next nine years the 
estate was jointly managed with Vaughan playing into Lloyd s hands by his unchecked extravagance. Lloyd 
succeeded in paymg certam overdue annuities charged on the estate; in obtaining a mortgage of £22500 on 
Hengwrt from Sir Henry Bridgeman in 1770; and at the Merioneth Quarter Sessions in August I 771 in effectmg 
a common recovery on the estate for his own use. 

Vaughan's hopes were renewed in 1775 on his succession to the Nannau estate as heir to his mother. In the 
follomng year he started proceedings for the recovery of Hengwrt. The conflicting titles to the property 
remained unresolved, and some tenants refused to attend to Lloyd. It was at this juncture that John Lloyd of 
Berth was appointed attorney to Vaughan, and brought his ruthless intellect and untiring energy to bear on the 
struggle with his old rival from Oswestry. Elizabeth Baker acted as amanuensis and adviser to Hugh Vaughan 
throughout the litigation; and her diary and correspondence,which is .preserved in the Nannau archives, relate 
some of the setbacks and intricacies of the affair. It was she who furnished John Lloyd with most of the 
documentary evidence against his namesake, and who was instrumental in bringing to light the suspicious items 
in the latter's accountancy which finally proved his undoing. 

The case was protracted for years in Chancery, and in the summer of 1778 came the expected bankruptcy order, 
attended by the inevitable demands of creditors. Two years later Robert Lloyd secured a writ of attachment to 
Nannau. Small wonder that John Lloyd believed that there was no limit to his ambition, and that there was a 
"deeper design' to dispossess the Vaughans of their Merioneth estates and deprive them of their influence. 
When a commission to examine witnesses was directed out of Chancery to sit at Dolgellau in 1780, John Lloyd 
was reduced to this defence : \ . . to prove deficiency of Mr. Vaughan's education & his being unacquainted 
with the Common Rules of Arithmetick'. By this time Vaughan was in "exile' at Rug which had been inherited 
by his brother, Robert Howell Vaughan, from their aunt, Mrs. Lloyd. On Hugh's death in January Robert 
Howell Vaughan, once an apothecary and surgeon at Dee Bank, Chester already drawing an annual income of 
£300 from Rug, came into possession of Nannau and Hengwrt as well. Confronted with this formidable 
combination of territories, Robert Lloyd's concerns deteriorated, and in July 1783 Nannau was recovered for 
Vaughan. In 1784-5 a second Chancery commission of inquiry was instituted, but this was soon abandoned and 
the case submitted to arbitration by Richard Richard and John Mitford (later Baron Redesdale),. The eventual 
result of their recommendations was tine decree of 1788 by a Master in Chancery commanding the restitution of 
the Hengwrt estate, disencumbered of £6000 with the grant of costs of £12000 against Robert Lloyd . John 
Lloyd had benefitted the Vaughans to the extent of £50 000. 

Vaughan of Cystanog 

Thomas Vaughan of Cystanog - Abergwili 

During Elizabethan days was the home of the minor landowning family of Griffith whose daughter married 
Thomas Vaughan a younger son of Plas Gwyn descended from the Golden Grove family - About 1660 Elen 
daughter of Thomas Vaughan squire of Cystanog married John Thomas John farmer of Penddaulwyn . The last 
of the family Thomas Vaughan died unmarried in 1767 the estate then passed down through the female line -No 
illustration of the house has survived. In 1883 the last owners of the estate died and it was necessary to try to 



14 



trace heirs - the heirs who eventually were traced were the descendents of Elen Vaughan and John Thomas 
John. 

Vaughan family of Courtfield Herefordshire 

From Kerne Bridge, the Wye makes an almost complete eight mile circuit to arrive back within a mile of the 
bridge. In doing so it encircles Coppet Hill a bare bracken covered expanse which contains Courtfield , once the 
home of the Vaughans, an old Catholic family. To the Georgian house and Victorian chapel, has been added a 
modern extension, looking like a motor way cafe, its acres of glass reflecting the morning sun. Henry of 
Monmouth is said to have been taken to Courtfield for the sake of his health when very young, but the nursery 
has gone, although two of the legendary cradles, in which he certainly did not sleep, have survived, one of 
cl450 in the London Museum, the other, much later, at Badminton. 

The Vaughans provided the only two local Jacobites to fight at Culloden. Both survived, escaped to Spain, 
married, and settled abroad. One of their descendants, John Francis Vaughan, had thirteen children, four of the 
girls becoming nuns and six of the eight sons priests. The most famous of them was Cardinal Vaughan, founder 
of the Mill Hill Fathers, who now own Courtfield. 

Being outside Herefordshire, and part of a strongly recusant county like Monmouthshire, Coppet Hill was a 
useful Catholic refuge in the penal times. This is commemorated by the fine wooden carving of a priest kneeling 
at prayer, which is said to have been carved by a fugitive hiding near the house. It is known as the Luck of 
Courtfield. 

Family was descended from William ap Jenkin alias Herbert lord of Wem-ddu Monmouthshire in 1352 
( Descent of the family in Burkes Landed Gentry) 

In 1592 John ap Gwilym of Gillow Herefordshire purchased the manor of Welsh Bicknor His daughter and 
heiress married James Vaughan a descendant of William ap Jenkin. And Howell ap thomas of Perth-hir. 

Their son William Vaughan who died in 1601 married Jane or Joan daughter and heiress of Richard Clarke of 
Wellington Herefordshire. Jane or Joan's name appears in the Recusants Rolls often between 1592 and 1619 
She like many of the family who followed was a Roman Catholic and was thus persecuted. 

Their son John Vaughan was the first to use Courtfield. A brother Thomas Vaughan became a Roman catholic 
priest and was ordained in Rheims France by Dr Gifford Bishop of Rheims in 1627. He was sent on the English 
Mission and died around 1650 after enduring hard usage aboard a ship at Cardiff. 

A son Richard Vaughan inherited Courtfield but had no children 

Richard Vaughan's halfbrother John Vaughan inherited Courtfield and Welsh Bicknor as well as the manors of 
Ruardean Glostershire and Clyro Radnorshire from his other halfbrother John Vaughan of Huntingham. John 
Vaughan of Courtfields second wife was Elizabeth daughter of Philip Jones of Llanarth . The 1718 survey of 
papist lands values his estate in Wales as £996. On his death the estates passed to his son John Vaughan. He 
died childless in 1780 

Two of this John Vaughan's brothers Richard Vaughan and William Vaughan fought on the side of the Young 
Pretender at Colluden and fled to Spain after the defeat of Prince Charles forces. They were both outlawed 
in 1745 and specifically excluded from the pardon proclaimed by George II in 1747. 

William Vaughan became a General in the Spanish Army 

Richard Vaughan also settled in Spain and served in the Spanish army. He married a Spanish lady who was part 
Irish. Richard Vaughan died at Barcelona in 1795 He had seven sons and three daughters. 

One of these sons, William Vaughan,on the death of his uncle John Vaughan, inherited the estates, he died in 
1796 and was succeeded by his only son William Michael Thomas John Vaughan. 

William M T J Vaughan was followed by his son John Francis Vaughan who had been born in 1808. John F 
Vaughan married Eliza Louisa daughter of John Rolls , the Hendre Monmouthshire and they had several 

children among which were Herbert Vaughan ( Cardinal Vaughan)Archbishop of Westminster, 

Roger William Vaughan Archbishop Of Sydney, Kenelm Vaughan, priest in Spain and North 
America, Joseph Vaughan O.S.B. founder and prior of St Benedict's monastery Fort Augustus, Bernard 

Vaughan a Jesuit Preacher and John Vaughan co-adjutor bishop of Salford. Four of the 

sisters became nuns. 



15 



John F Vaughan died in 1878 and was succeeded by Cardinal Vaughan. On his death in 1903 he was succeeded 
by his brother Francis Baynham Vaughan who died in 1919 was succeeded by his son Charles Jerome 

Vaughan who died in 1948. He was Camerario Segreto do Cappa e Spada to Pope 

PiuS X. Two of his brothers were priests and one Francis Vaughan became bishop of Menevia. One of his 
sisters became a nun. 



Vaughan family of Golden Grove 

Claimed descent from Bleddyn ap Cynfyn prince of Powys. 

The first member of the family to settle at Golden Grove was John Vaughan. 

His son Walter Vaughan marries as his first wife Katherin second daughter of Gruffydd ap Rhys of Dinefwr and 
then Letitia daughter of Sir John Perrot. 

He was succeeded by his eldest son John Vaughan born in 1572 and who died in 1634. He served under the earl 
of Essex in the Irish campaign of 1599 and was Member of Parliament for Carmarthen borough in 1601 and 
1620-22. Appointed Comptroller of the Household to the Prince of Wales (afterwards Charles I), he 

accompanied him to Spain in 1623. He was created Baron Vaughan of Mullingar and earl Of 

Carbery in the Irish peerage. His first wife was Margaret, daughter of Sir Gelly Meyrick and his second 
Jane, daughter of Sir Thomas Palmer of Wingham, Kent. He died . 6 May 1634, and was buried at Llandeilo- 
fawr. Arround 1560 Thomas ap Rhys married Elen sister of John Vaughan (died 1574) the first of the Vaughan 
family to live at Golden Grove. Thomas ap Rhys and Elen lived at Ravensdale Llangunnor 

1613 Sir John Vaughan granted to Christopher Bidmede a lease for 3 lives of a moiety of the capital messuage 
called Bryn y Beirdd ( Llandeilo) 

1618 Phillip Vaughan of Carmarthen held a mortgage on the Abercyfor Estate at Llandyfaelclog 

John Vaughan was succeeded by his eldest and only surviving son, Richard Vaughan ( 1600 ?-86), who had 
been knighted on the occasion of the coronation of Charles I in Feb. 1625 . 

1632 Richard Vaughan Lord Vaughan of Golden Grove was granted the lease of Friars Park Carmarthen in fee 
simple - the site of the old Friary. It continued as part of the Golden Grove estate till 1912 - Tesco Superstore 
stands on the site now. 

He was a Member of Parliament for Carmarthenshire, 1624-9, and admitted to Gray's Inn in Feb. 1637/8. In 
March 1642 the House of Commons nominated him lord lieutenant of the militia, to be raised in 
Carmarthenshire and Cardiganshire; but on the outbreak of the Civil War he was appointed by the king to the 
command of the Royalist Association of the three western counties. The House of Commons, therefore, resolved 
to impeach him in April 1643. Carbery does not appear to have taken any active steps until the summer of 1643 
when he summoned representatives of Pembrokeshire to a conference at Carmarthen, with a view to suppressing 
those who had Parliamentary sympathy there, and to the security of Milford Haven, where troops, withdrawn 
from Ireland, might land. He entered the county in Aug. Tenby submitted on 30 Aug., and a garrison was placed 
in Haverfordwest. Pembroke, however, proved defiant under the leadership of the mayor, John Poyer , who was 
joined by Rowland Laugharne . Carbery appointed his uncle, Sir Henry Vaughan Of Derwydd 
commander of the Royalist forces in Pembrokeshire. With the assistance of ships of the Parliamentary fleet, 
Laugharne took the offensive, reduced the Royalist garrisons, and captured the fort which they were building at 
Pill on Milford Haven (23 Feb. 1644~). Sir Henry Vaughan withdrew from Haverfordwest and Carbery left the 
county, resigning his commission in April. He was ordered to pay an immediate fine of £160 for his delinquency 
to the Committee for Compounding, and on 17 Nov. 1645 his full obligation was assessed at £4,500. But 
Rowland Laugharne personally intervened in his favour, and on 9 April 1647 the House of Commons remitted 
the fine. The fact that he escaped sequestration suggests that he took no definite part in the struggle after 1644. 
He tried to dissuade the Carmarthenshire gentry from lending any support to Poyer and Laugharne in the revolt 
against disbanding in 1648. During the Civil War disturbances Jeremy Taylor took refuge at Golden Grove and 
dedicated his Holy Living, 1650, and Holy Dying, 1650/ 1, to Carbery as his patron and protector. After the 
Restoration Carbery was appointed lord-president of the Marches of Wales at Ludlow, and there he had Samuel 
Butler as his secretary and steward of the castle; part of Hudibras is said to have been composed there. Carbery 
was removed from the presidency in 1672 owing to charges brought against him of ill-treatment Of his 
Servants and tenants at Dryslwyn. He died. 3 Dec. 1686. He had married Bridget, daughter of 



16 



Thomas Lloyd, Llanllyr, Cards., his second wife was Frances, daughter of Sir John Altham, Oxhey, Herts., and 
his third Lady Alice Egerton, daughter of John, 1st earl of Bridgwater. His surviving children were by his second 
wife. Francis Vaughan the eldest son, was Member of Parliament for Carmarthen, 1661-7, and died in 1667 
without issue. He was, therefore, succeeded by John, Vaughan who was the 3 rd and last earl of Carbery. 

1674 John Vaughan of Plas Gwyn leased Cilgodan estate for 98 years. Later Cilgodan belonged to John Lloyd 
JP who married Eleanora Vaughan of Plas Gwyn 

1712-13 Dorothy daughter of Richard Vaughan and widow of John Parker of Devon married John Allen of 
Carreg Lwyd. He died in 1743 leaving an annual sum to buy Bibles for the poor. 

John Vaughan ( 1640-1713), 3 rd earl Of Carbery, matriculated from Christ Church; Oxford, 23 
July 1656, and was admitted to the Inner Temple in 1658. He was knighted in 1661 and represented the borough 
of Carmarthen in Parliament, 1661-79, and the county, 1679-81 and 1685-7. He was appointed governor of 
Jamaica in 1674. There he was in constant conflict with the deputy-governor, the notorious Sir Henry 
Morgan who intrigued with buccaneers and endangered the peace with France and Spain, which the governor 
was instructed to preserve. He was superseded by the earl of Carlisle in 1678. After his succession to his father's 
estates he settled down in London, pursuing his scientific investigations. He was president of the Royal Society 
( 1686-9) . He was also a member of the Kit-Kat Club, and is described by Samuel Pepys as 'One Of the 
lewdest fellOWS Of the age.' As he died in Jan. 1712/13 without male issue, the earldom became extinct. 



John Vaughan of Golden Grove (1757 - 1804) portrait by William Williams 1785 

"In another four miles the road passes the turning to Llan fihangel Aberbythych and Golden Grove. The Welsh 
name, Gelli Aur, is believed to have been a corruption of Gelli Oer, the Cold Grove, for it lay low down in the 
valley facing north, but scarcely a trace remains of the ancient home of the Vaughans, Earls of Carbery, for the 
house has been rebuilt higher up, on a new site, in a florid Gothic style suggestive of a Scottish castle. It is now 
an Agricultural College. 

In a catalogue of the pictures at Golden Grove it said 'The Vaughans of Golden Grove derive their descent from 
Hugh Vaughan, Esq., of Kidwelly, Gentleman Usher to King Henry VII'. 

In the seventeenth and early part of the eighteenth centuries, the Earls of Carbery were the leading family of 
south-west Wales. It was Richard Vaughan, the second Earl of Carbery, who gave a refuge to Bishop Jeremy 
Taylor during the Civil War. Taylor was a man of great accomplishments, and to augment his stipend as 
chaplain, he joined with William Nicholson and Thomas Wyatt, about 1665, in their school at Newton. His 
Liberty of Prophesying was the first plea for liberty of conscience and religious tolerance for all, an idea so 
abhorrent to the Nonconformists at that time that one of their chief writers called it 'the grand design of the 
devil, the liberty of perdition'. His Holy Living and Holy Dying were written at Golden Grove. In the sermon he 
preached at the funeral of Frances, Countess of Carbery, he gave a glowing picture of the religious atmosphere 
at Golden Grove in her day. The Countess was "a woman fit to converse with angels and apostles, with saints 
and martyrs ... a great reader of scripture . . . and as she was a rare wife, so she was an excellent mother . . . she 
lived as we all should live, and she died as I fain would die'. 

Bishop Taylor married as his second wife Joanna Bridges, heiress of the estate of Mandinam, Llangadog, and 
lived chiefly in Carmarthenshire until 1658, except for short visits to London, and repeated imprisonments. 
The direct line of the Vaughans became extinct on the death of the third Earl's granddaughter, Anne Vaughan, 
Duchess of Bolton, and the estate passed by her will to her distant relative, Richard Vaughan of Shenfield in 
Essex, whose son willed it to the family of Cawdors of Stackpole Court in Pembrokeshire, a cadet branch of the 
ducal house of Argyle. 

Perhaps the most remarkable and interesting of the Vaughans of Golden Grove was William Vaughan, brother 
of the first Earl of Carbery, who was born at Golden Grove in 1577, lived at Llangyndeyrn, to the south-west, 
and was buried there. Poet and pioneer, he has been called "one of the most quixotic figures in national history'. 
He was a great scholar, travelled widely, and wrote voluminously in a fantastic vein of his own, "religious 
almost to a point of mania'. One of his best-known works, The Golden Grove, Moralized in Three bookes: A 
Work very Necessary for all such as would know how to Gouerne them selves, their Houses or their Country 
contained much good sense, and a real understanding of the rural conditions and problems of his day. In Book 
III he wrote \ . . now-a-dayes, yeomanry is decayed, hospitalitie gone to wracke and husbandrie almost quite 



17 



fallen', which has a familiar ring even to our ears, but he was too much of an idealist for his conception of the 
reciprocal obligations and duties of tenant and lord to be accepted by his contemporaries, and when he tried to 
put them into practice in the New World, the venture was not a success. 

When his friend Sir William Alexander was attempting to colonize Nova Scotia, Vaughan saw in Newfoundland 
v the next land beyond Ireland' a country 'reserved by God for us Britons'. He obtained a sub-grant of territory 
from Sir Francis Bacon and a company of adventurers, and paid for the passage of a number of Welsh men and 
women to settle there, in I6I~. John Guy of Bristol greeted his scheme with a sonnet : 

New Cambriol's plante sprung from Golden Grove 

Old Cambria's soil up to the skies doth raise 

For which let Fame crown him with sacred bays. 
The colonists met with endless disasters. The lawless fishermen of the Grand Banks did wanton damage to crops 
and trees, and there were raids by pirates and privateers, cold and scurvy. In 1626 Vaughan complained the 
planters had been pillaged to the extent of £40,000 and a hundred pieces of cannon. He was the first to see the 
possibilities of medical science in coloniza tion, publishing his Newlander's Cure in 1630, a medical vade 
mecum for emigrants, full of quaint prescriptions for all kinds of ailments, including seasickness, and measures 
for the avoidance of scurvy. Nevertheless, in 1637 it was formally reported to the Privy Council that his plan of 
founding New Wales hoping to leave this monument to posterity, that a Cambro-Briton hath founded a new 
Cambriol, where he made the deaf to hear and the woods to move', had ended in failure, adding sadly, "What, 
for mine own particular I have done, our Newland merchants know, and more yet would I do were my means 
answerable to my mind' . 

Although it was one of the earliest attempts at colonizing Newfoundland, and had lasted for twenty years of 
ceaseless toil,Vaughan's genuine effort at colonization is seldom remembered now. It is not even listed among 
the failures, although it lasted longer than some of the contemporary efforts, and to-day is commemorated solely 
in the name of Newfoundland farm in Vaughan's native parish. 



Epitaph of Lady Vaughan in St Peter's Church Carmarthen 

Kinde Reader Vnderneath this Tombe doth Lye 
Choice Elixer of Mortalite 
By carefull providence Great Wealthe did store 
For her Relations and the Poore 
In Essex home but spent her Gainfull Dayes 
In Terra coed to her Eternal Prayse 
Where by her loanes in spite of Adverse fates 
She did preserve Mens persons and Estates 
A great Exemplar to our Nation 
Her to imitate in Life and action 
Would you then know who was this good woman 
Twas virtuous Anne the Lady Vaughan 
She died August the 15 Ann° 1672 
Being aged 84 years. 

The followings comes from Penarth Manuscript 156 in the National Library of Wales The author is unknown 

but it is believed that it was compiled by Emanual Evans of Pensingrur in parish of Llangeler Carmarthenshire 

and that he also was the writer of the Golden Grove book - he lived about 1680 to 1760 

In this manuscript ab is used to mean son off of daughter of as is ap. The manuscript gives heirs - it is not safe 

to accept that they are sons or daughters — in some cases they might be of other relationship 

Remember that the Earls of Carbery were Vaughans as were the Fychan's. 

Gwaythfoed Prince of Cardigan March as in the decent of Price of Gogerddan North Wales 
genealogists say that Gweaethfoed fawr of Powys & not he of Cardigan & married to Morvydd daughter of 
Ynyr King of Gwent was ancestor to the earl of Carbury. I am not yet satisfyd that there were two Gwaethfoeds 
& therefore leave it indefinite which of these is original to this pedigree. 

Gwerystan ab Gwaethfoed married Nest daughter to Cadell ap Brochwell Prince of Powys 
Cynfyn ab Gwerystan married Angharad daughter and heir of Medd ap Owen Prince of Wales 
Bleddyn ab Cynfyn married Haer daughter to Cyllyn ab Blaiddrhydd o'r Gest 
Medd ab Bleddyn married Hynych daughter and heir to Eynydd ab Morris, her mother was daughter 
and heir to Rees ab Meirchion 



18 



Madog ab Medd married Efa daughter to Madig ab Vrien ab Einion,ab Les,ab Idnerth benfras of 
Maesbrook 

Einion Ffyll married Arddyn daughter to Madog Vaughan ap Madoc ap Einion Hael ap Urien of Powys 
- Mr Robert Vaughan of Hengwrt makes her daughter to Madog Fychan ap madig ab einion hael, ab Urien of 
main Gwynedd 

Rhun ab Einion married Jonet daughter of John, Lord Strange of Knocking 

Cyhylin ab Rhun Married Efa daughter to Gronw ab Carogan Saethydd Hinfach 

Evan ab Cyhylyn married Eva daughter to Adda ap Awr of Trevor 

Madog Goch married Lleucu daughter to Hywell Goch ab Mared Van ab Medd henab Hywell ab 
Medd ab Bleddyn ap Cynfin 

Madoc Cyffyn married Alswn daughter and heir to Griffith ap Rees ap Madog an Rhyryd flaidd 

David ap Madoc married Cathrin daughter of Morgan ap Davidd ap Madoc ap Davidd Van ap David ap 
Griffith ap Iorwerth ap Howel ap Maredd ap Sandde 

David Fychan of Garth eryr married Gwervyl daughter to Gruffydd ab Rhys ab Gryffydd ab Madoc ab 
Iorwerth ab Madog ab Ryryd ffaidd 

Gryffydd Fychan married Tybod daughter to Medd ab Tudor ab Gronw, ab Hywell y gadeir 

Hugh Fychan of Cedweli married Jane daughter to Moms ab Owein ap Griffith ap Nicholas of 
Llechdwnni 

John Fychan of Golden Grove married Catherine daughter to Henry ab Trahaiam Morgan of 
Midlescomb Esq. - Vaughan of Hengwrt calls it Bodllysgwn 

Walter Fychan of Golden Grove esq married Mary daughter to Gruffidd Rice fitz Urien Esq 

John Earl of Carbery married Margaret daughter to Sir Gelly Meirick Kt. 

Richard Earl of Carbery Lord Molingar and Emlyn Kt of Bath Lord President of the marches of Wales 
and one of his Majesties most Honorable Privy Council married 

1] Bridget daughter and heir to Thomas, Lord of Llanllur 

2]Ffances daughter and heir to Sir John Altham of Orbi in Oxfordshire Kt 

3] Alice daughter to John Egerton Earl of Bridgewater 



Kt = Knight 

Kt of Bath = Knight of the Most Noble Order of Bath 



Sir Henry Vaughan "Knight Colonel to his late Majesty Charles I who died in 1676 - monument in Llandydie 
Church 

Llanelli - church 

The church has been very drastically restored, and only the tower is old, but the mural monuments have 
survived, and much of the history of Llanelly families can be gleaned from them. The oldest is to Walter 
Vaughan, who died in 1683. Another commemorates Sir Thomas Stepney, the last baronet, Tor more than 3o 
years groom of the Bedchamber to H.R.H. Frederick, Duke of York', who died in 1825. The inscription to John 
Vaughan of Stepney, born 1730, who died at the age of two months and three days reads : 
Blest Innocent whose race so soon was run 
Twas but a step and finish'd when begun 
So clear thy virtue, such thy early, bliss 
That many ripe in Years and rich in wickedness 
Shall wish as often as they see Thy Shrine 
Their Lives as Sinlefs or as Short as thine 
Now say what made thee go so soon away: 
Heav'n called me Hence; I could no longer stay. 

Church at Pembrey has numerous wall tablets to the Vaughans of Trimsaran 
The family home nearby was called Y Cwrt - it is now a farmhouse. 

From Modern Wales -David Williams Murray 1950 

Sir Griffith Vaughan — burgess of Welshpool captured and put to death as a heritic Sir John Oldcastle a 

follower of John Wyclif . 



19 



Dr John Vaughan from Carmathenshire - who was one of the three appointed to inspect the welsh monasteries 
in 1535/6 - he is on record as begging Cromwell to give him some of the abbeys to farm - It is certain that the 
Golden Grove family built their fortune initially on the land they obtained from the dissolution of the 
monasteries. Amongst the properties he did obtain was the monastry of Grace Dieu in Monmouthshire a long 
way from Carmarthenshire. 
1618 Sir John Vaughan of Golden Grove was a strong supporter of James 6 th of Scotland and 1 st of England. He 

went with his son Prince Charles to Madrid as comptroller of the prince's household - His son Richard 

Vaughan went as well. 



The Cadet Families of the Vaughans of Golden Grove 

John Vaughan of Golden Grove died in 1574 

He left Two sons 

Walter Vaughan of Golden Grove who died in 1597 and Henry Vaughan of Plas Gwyn who died 

approximately 1598 

Walter Vaughan six son 

Sir John Vaughan of Golden Grove later 1st Earl of Carbery 

Sir William Vaughan of Trecoed ( Golden Grove and Trecoed were later united) 

Walter Vaughan of Llanelly 

Hugh Vaughan of Llether Llesty 

Sir Henry Vaughan of Derwydd 

Richard Vaughan of Derllys 

Henry Vaughan of Plas Gwyn had three sons 
George Vaughan of Plas Gwyn and Llandefaelog 
Thomas Vaughan of Cystanog 
Henry Vaughan of Glanrhydw 



Thomas Vaughan Of Plas Gwyn LLandyfaelog 

From the earliest part of the reign of Elizabeth 1 until the death of the last squire in 1769 , home of a cadet 
branch of the Vaughan family of Golden Grove The old house was pulled down in 1818 And a new farm built 
nearby 

Henry Vaughan and his wife Catherine Morgan of Midlescwm - he was the younger son of John Vaughan of 
Golden Grove settled at Plas Gwyn in 1560 - seven generations of the family followed him there. Henry 
Vaughan was Sheriff of Carmarthen Town in 1574 and Mayor in 1598. His grandson John Vaughan was High 
Sheriff of the county in 1643 and a royalist who was fined for his attachment to the King. A later squire John 
Vaughan was a supported of the SPCK ( Society for the Spread of Christian Knowledge) and well known for his 
liberality until his death in 1720. Eugene Vaughan JP ( Justice of the Peace - a magistrate) High Sheriff of 
Carmarthenshire in 1746 by his unthriftiness alienated his estate of 5600 acres. He was the last of the family to 
live a Plas Gwyn. He left 14 children by his two wives and what was left of the estate was shared between the 
co-heiresses of his first wife who sold Plas Gwyn . The last of his male descendants was Thomas Vaughan who 
died in 1968 

1639 Henry Vaughan of Derwydd gave evidence in the Court of Chivalry ( a case involving unlawfull use of a 
coat of arms) 

1657 Sir Henry Vaughan of Derwydd and Tygwyn purchased Cefn Triscoed Llandeilo. It remained in the 
family ownership and appeared in the rentals of Madam Bevan 



LLETHER CADFAN, Llangathen. 



Llether Cadfan is located half a mile north of the cross-roads of Broad Oak. It is large cross-passage house, 
consisting of a 16th century part, now used as an outhouse, the other part (which continues to be inhabited) has 



20 



17th century wooden transomed and mullioned windows, and once had an ornate plaster ceiling: in the other part 
is a stone staircase. A porch with an upper storey is the main entrance. The interior doors, fireplaces, and 
panelling were removed to Edwinsford and fitted into that house. Nevertheless, it remains one of the most 
interesting traditional residences in the county. The earliest known owners was the family of Vaughan 
descended from Elystan Glodrudd. Thomas ap Thomas Fychan of Llether Cadfan was the father of Gwilym ap 
Thomas, Esq., of the Body to King Henry VIII. He married Gwenllian daughter of Llewelyn ap Gwilym of 
nearby Bryn Hafod. Their son David Vaughan succeeded, and it was his son Thomas Vaughan who was in 
possession in 1597 Thomas Vaughan was the last of the male line and died leaving only daughters as co- 
heiresses 

Thomas David Rhys of Blaenant married Sibyl Vaughan fourth daughter and co-heiress of Thomas Vaughan of 
Llether Cadfan ( alive in 1597) husband and wife were living in 1613. 



Cromwell at Golden Grove? 

A popular tradition , relates that Cromwell went out of his direct route to spend a night at Golden Grove near 
Llandilo, the seat of the leading Royalist in South Wales, Richard Vaughan, second Earl of Carbery, celebrated 
as the patron of Jeremy Taylor. This legend further relates that Lord Carbery, who was then living quietly in 
retirement, on learning of Oliver's approach, fled to a neighbouring farm-house, where he remained in hiding 
until his unwelcome visitor had departed. Still further the story proceeds to add that a year or two later 
Cromwell sent his unwilling host a present of some deer from the royal parks, but with what object he did so is 
not clear, unless it were to be considered as a belated return for Lord Carbery's involuntary hospitality. 
Herbert M. Vaughan, 1937 



Hirlas Horn at Golden Grove 

Among other relics at Golden Grove was a drinking Horn exhibited beautified with silver artifice being the first 
vessell Henry Tudor Earl of Richmond afterwards made King of England by the name of Henry VII drank out 
of after his landing at Milford Haven in Pembrokeshire in order to the marrying the Lady Elizabeth and 
deposing Richard III. 

This Horn was presented by the King himself to the noble Earls of Carbery where it hath remained ever since, 
and is kept among the noble Earles choicest Raritys. The Foot is of silver in the form of a mount upon which 
stands a Dragon and a Greyhound of the same imitation of the supporters of the Royal Armes of Henry VII 
which follow on the other side the leaf shervington the dexter side a Red Dragon the Engsigne of Cadwalader 
the last king of the BRITAINS from whom by his male line he derives his pedigree according to Sandford's 
Genealog of Kings P434, and on the sinister side a Greyhound argent collar'd Gules, which he gave in right of 
his wife the Queen, Elizabeth of York descended from the Nevils by Anne her Grandmother the daughter of 
Ralph Nevill Earl of Westmoreland and wife of Richard Duke of York. 



The Portcullis upon the kipping or rim of the mouth is in token of his descent by his mother from the noble 
family of the Beauforts, to this device on his, Mansole or Royale Sepulture at Westminster is added this motto: 

ALTERA SECURITAS 
as who should say. As a Portcullis is a further security to a gate, so his mother corroborated his on her Titles 
from this Device he instituted a Pursuivant at Armes and named him Portcullis as from the leading supporter y 
Red Dragon had been instituted by him also y Pursivant called Rono Dragon. 

The Roses on the rim I suppose to speak the Union of the two houses of Lancaster and York by his marriage. 
Those among other devises are often repeated in and about Hen VII s Chappell Westminster as a Crown in a 
Hawthorn bush to commemorate his being with Richard's formerly usurp'd Diade in Bosworth Field which was 
said to be found there after the victory in a bush bearing Haws. This is seen also painted on the Glass on the 
Stone Gallery of the ancient Abby of Lacock in the county of Wilts. The Red Dragon also is again seen on a 
banner in the hand of an angell on ye south east of the foot of this monument at West-Standard at Bosworth and 
aftenvards offered up amongst other Trophyes of his Victory at ye Cathedral of St PAULS LONDON 
Thes was according to Thomas Dinley, The Account of the Official Progress of His Grace Henry the First Duke 
of Beaufort through Wales 1684 [ Bosworth field Battle was Aug 22 1485] 



21 



Derwydd 

Sir Henry Vaughan ( 1587 7-1659 ?), Royalist, was the 6 th son of Walter Vaughan Of Golden Grove 
and a younger brother of John Vaughan, 1 st Earl of Carbery. He settled at Derwydd. He was sheriff of 
Carmarthenshire in 1620 and Member of Parliament for the county in 1621-9 and 1640. He was knighted at 
Oxford 1 Jan. 1643, and disabled from sitting in the Commons 5 Feb. 1644. Accompanying Carbery into 
Pembrokeshire in 1643 he was given command of the Royalist forces there. After the success of Rowland 
Laugharne at Pill (Feb. 1644) he abandoned Haverfordwest and retired to Carmarthen. He was taken prisoner at 
the battle of Naseby ( 14 June 1645) and committed to the Tower. 

1639 Henry Vaughan of Derwydd gave evidence in the Court of Chivalry ( a case involving unlawfull use of a 
coat of arms) 

1658 Sir Henry Vaughan of Derwydd and Tygwyn purchased Cefn Triscoed Llandeilo. It remained in the 
family ownership and appeared in the rentals of Madam Bevan 



Vaughans of Derllys Court 

VAUGHAN, JOHN ( 1663-1722), Derllys Court, Carms.was a social and religious reformer; born in . 1663, he 
was the son of John Vaughan of Derllys ( 1624—84), barrister, and Rachel, daughter of Sir Henry Vaughan, 
Derwydd, Carms. His paternal grandfather was a brother of John Vaughan, Golden Grove, the first earl of 
Carbery He was educated at Carmarthen grammar school. On 6 Oct. 1692 he married. Elizabeth, daughter of 
Thomas and Elizabeth Thomas (nee Protheroe), Meidrym, the latter being a first cousin to Lucy Walter mother 
of the duke of Monmouth. 

During the last twenty years of his life John Vaughan was the leader of religious and educational life in 
Carmarthenshire. He and his friend Sir John Philipps of Picton castle, Pembs., succeeded with the aid of the 
S.P.C.K. in making their respective counties the most progressive in Wales. John Vaughan paid special attention 
to the founding of charity schools and libraries and to the distribution of Welsh religious literature. He was the 
pioneer of free libraries and children's libraries advocated county grants for the education of poor children, and 
took special interest in workhouse and prison reform. He emphasised, too, the importance of family devotion in 
every home. He was mayor of Carmarthen borough, 1710-1 1, and a member of the borough council, 1707-22. 
His daughter, Bridget Bevan was the chief patron of the Welsh circulating schools. His wife died, in 1721 and 
was buried in Merthyr church; he himself died, on 16 Nov. 1722, and was buried in Llan-llrwch church, 
C armarthenshire . 

His elder brother, Richard Vaughan ( 1653-1724), followed his father at the Bar, became bencher and treasurer 
of Gray's Inn, Member of Parliament for Carmarthen borough and chief justice of Carmarthenshire, 
Cardiganshire, and Pembrokeshire. He married. Arabella Philipps of Picton Castle and was a brother-in-law to 
Griffith Jones, Llanddowror . 

Vaughans - Derllys Court Merthyr Carmarthenshire 

Derllys Court became the property of Richard Vaughan, a younger son of Walter Vaughan of Golden Grove by 

the early 17c. 

He married Elinor Protheroe of Nantyrhelig and was High Sheriff in 1631 

His son John Vaughan enlarged the mansion in 1660 

His son John Vaughan married his relation Elizabeth daughter of Thomas Thomas of Meidrim in 1692. He died 

in 1722 and the estate was split between his three daughters Arabella, Elizabeth and Bridget ( Madam Bevan) 

who as her share received 92 properties . She married Arthur Bevan of Laugharne and died without issue in 

1779. 



Vaughans - Derwydd Llandybie 

Sage Philips of Derwydd heiress to the property married Sir Henry Vaughan of Golden Grove who came to live 
at Derwydd. He was High Sheriff in 1620 and died in 1660. Their daughter married her kindsman John Vaughan 
and their son Richard Vaughan inherited. He died without issue and the property was left to a niece. 

Vaughans of Dolgwn Pencarreg 



22 



Anne , described as grand daughter of James Williams of Abercothi married about 1725 John Vaughan a 

younger son of Gwynne Vaughan of Jordonston in Pembrokeshire. John and Anne settled at Dolgwn. He died 

in 1770 

There eldest son Gwynne Vaughan was High Sheriff in 1773. 

Their second son John Vaughan inherited the property of Dolgwn . He was described as "a rollicking squirw 

who seldom went to bed sober and was often carried up the broad stairs of Dolgwn". He married Sarah Phillips 

of Llanybydder and died in January 1812 age 80. He had an only son Rice Vaughan , an army officer who died 

at Lampeter age 50 in March 1816 leaving a daughter. 



Trecoed and Cambriol 

WILLIAM VAUGHAN ( 1575-1641 ) author and colonial pioneer, was the second son of Walter Vaughan of 
Golden Grove and brother of John Vaughan, 1st earl of Carbery. He matriculated from Jesus College, Oxford, 4 
Feb. 1592 (B.A. March 1594-, M.A. Nov. 1597). He travelled widely on the Continent. In 1616 he was sheriff 
of Carmarthenshire. He married . Elizabeth, daughter and heiress of David ap Robert of Llangyndeym (now 
ealled Torcoed). In 1617 he purchased land from the Company of Adventurers to Newfoundland, and sent out 
settlers from Wales at his own expense in that year and two years later. The settlement he called 'Cambriol,' and 
he gave it Welsh place-names; it was situated on the south coast at the head of Tripaney Bay, Vaughan was 
prevented by ill-health from going out himself in 1622, and he did not succeed in establishing the colony. 
Owing to severe weather conditions and other causes the scheme was abandoned. He was knighted in 1628. His 
writings include (a) a work entitled Golden Grove ( 1600), a commonplace-book which includes quotations 
from a great variety authors, classical, mediaeval, and contempory arranged under three headings-moral, 
economic, and political. He also wrote (b) a Latin poem in celebration of the marriage of Charles I, and (c) the 
curious compilation which he entitled The Golden Fleece (1626). In both he employed the pseudonym 'Orpheus 
Junior.' The Golden Fleece contains verse, both in Latin and English, animadversions on religion of a distinctly 
anti-Romanist character, and observations on the commercial weaknesses of the kingdom, all leading to the 
advocacy of colonisation, particularly m Newfoundland. He also wrote other pamphlets dealing mainly with 
questions of religion and health. He died at Llangyndeyrn in Aug. 1641, and was buried in the churchyard 
there. 

See Also F. Marquardt, A Critical Edition of William Vaughan's 'The Golden Crave' (see Summaries of 
Doctoral Dissatations (North Western Univ., Chicago;, xvii, 1949, 30-4). 



New Camhriol 

In 1616 Sir William (Vaughan) obtained a sub-grant of land from the 'Company of Adventurers to 
Newfoundland'. This was a commercial enterprise headed by Sir Francis Bacon, to whom James I had granted 
authority to colonise the island. Vaughan's territory lay on the south coast of the curiously-shaped eastern part of 
Newfoundland. It included Cape Race. Naming this area Cambriol as a compliment to his native land, he felt 
certain that here was the new country 'reserved by God for us Britons'. John Guy of Bristol, himself a 
Newfoundland pioneer, had hailed the venture in verse: 
New Cambriol's planter, sprung from Golden Grove, 
Old Cambria's soil up to the skies doth raise 
For which let Fame crown him with sacred bays 

In 1617 Sir William sent a number of Welsh colonists of both sexes to Cambriol, at his own expense, He had 
intended to sail with them to settle permanently there. But ill-health prevented him from leaving Wales. During 
1617 he met Sir Richard Whitbourne, a man of considerable experience in colonisation, and offered him the 
governorship of Cambriol, Whitbourne accepted, and in 1618 he departed to Newfoundland with another group 
of emigrants, Two ships undertook the voyage, one carrying the settlers, the other engaged on a fishing 
expedition, but also conveying stores and equipment needed by the colonists. Unfortunately the fishing vessel 
was waylaid by one of Raleigh's captains who had turned pirate. The loss of this ship and its cargo was a severe 
blow. 

When Sir Richard and his newcomers arrived, they found that the original settlers had made very poor progress. 
Little had been achieved in any direction. The new Governor, in fact, decided that the earlier emigrants had been 
thoroughly lazy and shown much lack of pioneering initiative. So he sent all but six of them home again. 
This loss of manpower compelled Vaughan to hand over the northern part of Cambriol to Lords Falkland and 
Baltimore, two other pioneers who agreed to look after it until things improved. In 1622 Vaughan himself sailed 
to the colony with more settlers and supplies. During the three or four years he stayed there it appears that he 



23 



spent more time in writing The Golden Fleece and other works than in galvanising his colonists into hard work, 
He returned to England to arrange for the publication of these books, and went back again to Caoobriol in 1628. 
In fairness to the colonists, it must be said that thev had to face persistent enemies who wantonlv destroyed 
much of their property, and so wrecked their chances of prosperity. These were pirates, corsairs and privateers 
who preyed on the islanders. Perhaps worst ot all were the ruthless French and other fishermen of the Grand 
Banks, who hated the settlers because of their encroachment upon their waters. Canada was in the hands of the 
French, Crops and buildings were set on fire, trees mutilated, havens blocked and fish-drying sheds broken up. 
In 1626 Sir William reported that the damage done in pillage and destruction amounted to £40,000 and that, in 
addition, his colonists had lost a hundred pieces of cannon. 

A further blow was the Arctic winter of 1628, though the Cambriol people did not suffer as severely from cold 
and scurvy as Lord Baltimore's settlers further north. But Sir William was still undaunted. He returned to 
England in 1630 to settle his own financial affairs. He wrote, that for all he could see, he would have to rely 
upon his own resources to support Cambriol until the colony 'be better strengthened'. At the same time he made 
great efforts to persuade his brother-in-law, Sir Henry Salusbury of Denbigh, with "some gentlemen of North 
Wales' to join him in Newfoundland where, he said, they would be greeted with open arms. But though he made 
them grants of land there, not one Squire responded to his call. 

A further instance of Sir William's far-sightedness is to be found in the medical handbook which he published in 
1630. This was entitled Newlander's Cure. It contained information and advice designed for colonists on the 
preservation of health, with curious prescriptions for sea-sickness, scurvy and numerous other ailments. This 
book makes him a pioneer also in the adaptation of medical knowledge, such as it was then, to the special needs 
of emigrants. 

The Welsh atmosphere of Cambriol is clearly indicated in its title, together with other place names like 
Vaughan's Cove, Golden Grove, Cardiff, Pembroke, Cardigan, Carmarthen and Brecon. These names appear on 
John Mason's map of Newfoundland published about 1622. 

It is uncertain whether Sir William returned to the colony after 1630. In view of the persistent depredations of 
pirates and the fierce antagonism of the men of the French fishing fleets, it was becoming more and more 
difficult to establish Cambriol as a self supporting concern. The founder's resources no doubt were becoming 
severely strained, and he appears to have had no financial backing from any of his fellow countrymen. Finally, 
the gallant pioneer, now approaching sixty years of age, had to abandon his cherished dream of a prosperous 
New Wales some time between 1630 and 1637. 

In 1637 the Privy Council was officially informed that the efforts of pioneers like Sir William, Lord Baltimore 
and other "men, ingenious and of excellent parts', had failed. A new monopoly over the whole island was 
granted to another Newfoundland adventurer, Sir David Kirke, though trouble with the fishermen and the pirates 
continued throughout the 17th century. 

It would be difficult to find a nobler tribute to Sir William Vaughan than that written by Dr E. Roland Williams: 
"Whatever Vaughan's shortcomings - and they were many - at least the crime of the unlit lamp and the ungirt 
loin is not to be laid to his charge. He spared no pains or sacrifices in his attempt to realise his ambition, and his 
devotion to his ideal burns with a clear light through the mists and fumes of those eccentricities and absurdities 
which were also part of his character . . . Before Vaughan had been laid to rest in the little church in the valley 
of Llangyndeyrnn August, 1641, the silent,primaeval wilderness was already erasing, slowly, but reltlessly, all 
the signs of his strivings and sacrifices'. 

' On the island itself, the Welsh place-names have long disappeared, and apart from the name "Newfoundland', 
which, some years ago, at any rate, denoted a farm or two in the mid Tywi Valley, there is no memorial left of 
this courageous pioneer. He was a man whom Carmarthenshire should be proud to honour. 
A.G. Prys- Jones, The Story of Carmarthenshire 



The Welsh Tract Pennsylvannia - Holmes 1681 ( Life in Wales A H Dodd 1972 ) 



of Plas Gwyn LLandyfaelog 

From the earliest part of the reign of Elizabeth 1 until the death of the last squire in 1769 , home of a cadet 

branch of the Vaughan family of Golden Grove The old house was pulled down in 1818 And a new farm built 

nearby 

Henry Vaughan and his wife Catherine Morgan of Midlescwm - he was the younger son of John Vaughan of 

Golden Grove settled at Plas Gwyn in 1560 - seven generations of the family followed him there. Henry was 

Sheriff of Carmarthen Town in 1574 and Mayor in 1598. His grandson John Vaughan was High Sheriff of the 

county in 1643 and a royalist who was fined for his attachment to the King. A later squire John Vaughan was a 



24 



supported of the SPCK ( Society for the Spread of Christian Knowledge and well known for his liberality until 
his death in 1720. 1674 John Vaughan of Plas Gwyn leased Cilgodan estate for 98 years. Later Cilgodan 
belonged to John Lloyd JP who married Eleanora Vaughan of Plas Gwyn 

Eugene Vaughan JP ( Justice of the Peace - a magistrate) High Sheriff of Carmarthenshire in 1746 by his 
unthriftiness alienated his estate of 5600 acres. He was the last of the family to live a Plas Gwyn. He left 14 
children by his two wives and what was left of the estate was shared between the co-heiresses of his first wife 
who sold Plas Gwyn . The last of his male descendants was Thomas Vaughan who died in 1968 



VAUGHAN family, Of Porthaml, parish of Talgarth, Brecknock. X ref Tretower 

This branch of the Vaughan family was founded by Roger Vaughan, second son Of Sir Roger Vaughan 
Of TretOWer-see Vaughan family of Tretower. He was possibly the Roger Vaughan Of Tyle-glaS 
who was pardoned on 9 July 1491, and figures again in Henry VIII's pardon roll (1509) as Roger ap Roger of 
Tyle-glas, or Roger Vaughan Of Talgarth. He was granted the offces of steward and receiver of the 
lordship of Dinas, 17 Jan. 1509, and was dead before 25 Sept. 1514, when those offices were granted to Sir 
Griffith ap Rice. His wife was Joan, daughter of Robert Whitney by Constance, daughter of James, lord Audley. 
The VaiighanS Of Tregunter descended from his second son, Thomas Vaughan. The heir, Watkin 
Vaughan married. Joan, daughter of leuan Gwilym Vaughan Of White Peyton. The family became 
prominent with his heir William Vaughan who obtained a lease of the demesne lands of Dinas, 14 Feb. 1529. He 
was the squire of Porthaml when Leland visited the place, and in 1536 he welcomed bishop Rowland Lee so 
royally that the latter commended him in his correspondence with his master, Thomas Cromwell. Vaughan, said 
the bishop in 1538, was a man to be cherished. On 17 Dec. of that year he was appointed chancellor and receiver 
of the lordships and manors of Brecon, Hay, Cantrecelly, Penkelli, and Alexanderston, offices which he held till 
7 July 1546, when he vacated them in favour of his son Roger. He was sheriff of Brecknock in 1540-1 and was 
knighted in 1542. In Oct. 1546 he was given the wardship of Joan and Elizabeth, sisters and co-heirs Henry 
Myle of Newcourt. ( Joan married . his second son, Walter Vaughan Of MOCCaS, and Elizabeth, his 
grandson, Rowland Vaughan.) He died, before 1553, for his wife, Catherine, daughter of Jenkin Havard, was 
living in widowhood at White Peyton when she received a pardon on 6 May of that year for being accessory to a 
murder. The heir was Roger Vaughan who was knighted in 1549. He was sheriff of Brecknockshire in 1551-2, 
and was on commissions to survey church plate in Brecknockshire and Herefordshire in 1543. He figures in 
Queen Mary's pardon roll, I Dec. 1553, and received the stewardship of the castles and lordships of Huntingdon 
and Kington, 6 May 1554. On Queen Elizabeth's pardon roll, 1559, he is coupled with Porthaml and Newcourt. 
He was one of the commissioners who examined on behalf of the privy council the tree which displayed the sign 
of the cross at St Donats, 5 June 1561. He was Member of Parliament for Brecknockshire 1553-62 when he was 
succeeded by his son Rowland Vaughan, and again in 1571. In the meantime he had represented the borough of 
Brecon, 1562-7. He died, before 31 March 1585 when administration of his estate was granted. He left several 
children by his wife, Catherine, daughter of Sir George Herbert of Swansea. The eldest, Watkin Vaughan died 
without issue and the estate passed to Catherine, daughter of the second son, Rowland Vaughan (Member of 
Parliament for Brecon, 1559-62, and for Brecknockshire, 1562-7; it seems that he died before the next 
parliamentary election . Catherine Vaughan married. Sir Robert Knollys (Member of Parliament for 
Brecknockshire 1588-1603}. 

Their heiress married, the head of the Vaughan family, Sir Charles Vaughan Of Dunraven see 
Vaughan family of Bredwardine. 

Roger Vaughan, Of Talgarth, was the third son of Sir Roger Vaughan. He married . Frances, base 
daughter of Thomas Somerset, who married secondly, William Vaughan Of TretOWer. Roger Vaughan's 
son and heir, also Roger Vaughan married in 1608, Ann, daughter of Paul Delahaie of Alltyrynys. 

WilmOt Vaughan 1st earl Of LJSburne, d. in 1813 and was succeeded as 2 nd earl of Lisburne by his 
elder son, also Wilmot Vaughan. The 2 nd earl died, unmarried in 1820 and was succeeded by his half brother 
John Vaughan (1769-1831), 3 rd earl Of Lisburne, colonel in the army, and Member of Parliament 
for Cardigan, 1796/1818. 

VAUGHAN family, Of TretOWer Court, parish of Llanfihangel Cwm-du, Brecknock. 



25 



Tretower 

On the A 479/ A40 junction between Brecon and Crickhowell 

There is a ruined Norman Castle with a circulat keep surrounding a round tower. It was built to defend the 

valley of the Usk and was last used in 1403 during the revolt of Owen Glyndwr. 

Tretower Court nearby is a welsh fortified manor house built in the 14c complete with arrow slits and apatures 

over the gate through which molten lead , oil etc could be poured on any attackers. Henry Vaughan the poet 

lived here. 

Sir Roger Vaughan third son of Roger Vaughan of Bredwardine-see Vaughan family of Bredwardine-by 
Gwladys, daughter of Dafydd Gam, was the first of the Vaughans to reside at Tretower. It is said that the 
residence was a gift to him from his half brother William Herbert, earl of Pembroke , to whom the castle and 
manor of Tretower had descended by the marriage of his father, Sir William ap Thomas, to the widow of Sir 
James Berkeley, heiress of Tretower. Roger Vaughan enlarged and remodelled the house by the addition of a 
western range of buildings with a hall. Like all his kindred, Roger Vaughan is found on the Yorkist side in the 
divisions of his time, but he also was granted a pardon by the Coventry Parliament of 1457. The Privy Council 
ordered him, with Sir William Herbert and Walter Devereux, to prevent assemblies and the victualling of castles 
in Wales, 17 Aug. 1460. He was with Edward's forces at Mortimer's Cross, 1461, and it is said that it was he 
who led Owain Tudor to his execution at Hereford after the battle. He was granted the offices of porter of the 
castle of Bronllys, forester of Cantrecelly, steward and receiver lordships of Cantrecelly, Penkelly, Alexanders 
ton, and Llangoed, 15 Nov. 1461, and lands in south-west England, 11 July 1462. He took a prominent part in 
quellmg a rising in Carmarthenshire in 1465, and received grants of the insurgents' manors and estates in Gower 
and Kidwelly. 

By 23 March 1465 he was a knight, though the investiture is not recorded by Shaw. He was on commissions of 
'oyer et terminer' in Wales and the Marches in 1467 and 1468. In the earl of Warwick's charter to Neath abbey, 
24 June 1468, Vaughan as the earl's chancellor at Cardiff is the first witness, and Thomas ap Roger, possibly his 
son, is described as coroner of Cardiff. The common belief that he fell with his brothers at the battle of Banbury 
is incorrect. Lewis Glyn Cothi called upon him to avenge that battle, and on 16 Feb. 1470 he was appointed 
constable of Cardigan castle. After the battle of Tewkesbury, 1471, it is said that Edward IV ordered him to 
pursue and capture Jasper Tudor, earl of Pembroke, but it was Vaughan himself who fell into the earl's hands, to 
be summarily beheaded at Chepstow. He is describe~ in the pedigree books as lord of Cantrecelly and Penkelly, 
owner of Merthyr Tydfil and Llandimore, and various lands in Glamorgan, and it is said that he built the 'royal 
palace' at Cardiff. He was twice married. The first wife was Denise, daughter of Thomas ap Philip Vaughan of 
Talgarth, and she was the mother of the heir (Sir} Thomas Vaughan, Roger Vaughan-see Vaughan family of 
Porthaml-and four daughters who married into prominent families, the wives of Robert Raglan, Henry Donne, 
Morgan Gamage, and Morgan ap Thomas ap GrufFudd ap Nicolas. His second wife was Margaret, lady Powis, 
daughter of James, lord Audley, by his second wife, Eleanor, illegitimate daughter of Edmund, earl of Kent. 
(Her first husband, Sir Richard Grey, lord Powis, d. 17 Dec. 1466. She was dead before 2 Feb. 1480/1.) She had 
one daughter by Sir Roger, the wife of Humphrey Kynaston. A large number of illegitimate children are 
ascribed to Sir Roger Vaughan. 



TRETWR, 

BRECONSHIRE. 

THE original name of this castle is not known. Mr. King, in his Munimenta, anglicising its present appellation, 
calls it « Three Torr," implying that it had three towers; which etymology, Dr. Walkin, rather unaccountably for 
a writer of his general accuracy, has adopted. It will sufficiently invalidate this conjecture to observe, that from a 
view contained in a survey taken in the reign of Elizabeth, (now in the Badmington Library,) it appears that this 
castle had then four towers, one at each angle of the square enclosure ; and of these, that now remaining was 
considerably the largest. The fact is, that the name of the fortress itself being lost, it was designated from the 
town or village in its vicinity, which was called Tre-twr, or Tre'r twr, literally the Town of the Tower. 
This building is to be ascribed to an early period of the Norman occupation of the county-, when the new settlers 
were obliged to trust their security to stone walls. It seems never to have held any considerable rank as a fortress 
and is rather to be regarded as a castellated mansion. 

An opulent and powerful branch of the family of the Vauglians of this county, take their name from this place, 
and were long its possessors. At present it is the property of the duke of Beaufort. 
( This was written in 1830) 



26 



Sir Thomas Vaughan of Monmouth /Tretower 

VAUGHAN, Sir THOMAS was executed in 1483). He was a soldier, court official, ambassador, and 
chamberlain to the prince of Wales. The son of Robert Vaughan of Monmouth and Margaret his wife it is also 
alleged that he was the heir of Sir Roger Vaughan of Tretower. He received denizenship (being a Welshman) 
by order of the Privy Council and at the instance of Lord Somerset and Adam Moleyns, 30 March 1442/3. He 
was granted the offices of steward, receiver, and master of the game in Herefordshire and Ewyas, and steward, 
constable, porter, and receiver of Abergavenny, 15 June 1446. He was master of the king's ordnance for some 
ten years from 23 June 1450. At this time he was closely associated with Jasper Tudor, earl of Pembroke; he 
was granted a house in London, jointly with the earl in 1456, and was main pernor for him, 21 April 1459. He 
was, however, strongly drawn towards the Yorkist party, and was accused of imagining and compassing the 
death of the king on 4 th July 1459. He is said to have been with the Yorkists at Ludford, and is named among 
the dignitaries attainted by the Coventry Parliament at the close of the year 1459. Like the others, he was fined, 
20 May 1460. He returned with the earls to London and by 14th Aug. 1460 he was back in his former offices. 
On 1 Sept. he was appointed keeper of Henry VFs great wardrobe. Before 28 Nov. he was married to Eleanor, 
daughter of Sir Thomas Arundel, and widow of Sir Thomas Browne, who had been executed on 28 July 1460 
for his part in the defence of the Tower of London against the earls. The estates and grants of Sir Thomas 
Browne were confirmed to him and his wife, and so he acquired much wealth and power in south-east England. 
Following the battle of St. Albans, 17 Feb. 1461, when queen Margaret was threatening London, Philip Malpas, 
William Hatclyf, physician to Henry VI, and Sir Thomas Vaughan took what treasure they could on a ship from 
Antwerp and made for Ireland. They and their treasure fell into the hands of French pirates. Queen Margaret 
vainly entreated Louis XI to hand them over to her, but Edward I V, on becoming king, contributed towards 
their ransom, and secured their release. Vaughan was sent with lord Wenlock to arrange a commercial treaty 
with Burgundy, 24 Oct. 1462. In May 1463 he escorted the Burgundian ambassadors from London to Sandwich. 
Soon afterwards he was with Louis XI at S. Omer, where he obtained compensation for the residents of Calais, 
who had been robbed by Frenchmen. He was appointed treasurer of the king's chamber and master of the king's 
jewels 29 June 1465. Throughout the summer of 1467 he was in Burgundy in connection with arrangements for 
the marriage of duke Charles and the princess Margaret, Edward IVs sister, and was there with the bishop of 
Salisbury to receive her when she went over to be married, in June 1468 He was commissioned to communicate 
the statutes of the Order of the Golden Fleece to Edward IV, and was one of the commissioners who were sent 
to Burgundy to invest duke Charles with the Garter, 4 Feb. 1470. It is fairlv certain that he accompanied Edward 
IV into exile, 1470-1. Upon their return he was appointed chamberlain to Edward, prince of Wales . He was 
appointed a member of the prince's council, 8 July 1471, and it was in his arms that the infant prince paid his 
respects to his father's friend and benefactor, Louis de Gruthuyse, in Sept. 1472. He was knighted, 18 April 
1475, on the day of prince Edward's creation as prince of Wales at Westminster. Vaughan had built a 
magnificent house for himself and the prince at Westminster. When Edward IV crossed to France in July 1475, 
Vaughan remained at home as a member of the Great Council of England. He was again in Burgundy in Dec. 
1482. When Edward IV died., 9 April 1483, Vaughan and others of the prince's council were at Ludlow. It was 
intended to crown Edward V on 4th May, and for that purpose he and his council left Ludlow on 2nd April. On 
reaching Stony Stratford the principal members of the council were arrested by Richard, duke of Gloucester, on 
a suspicion of plotting to retain the government in the hands of the queen-mother's family. They were sent north 
and there, sometime between 13 and 25 June, Vaughan was executed. In Shakespeare's tragedy King Richard 
III, his ghost is made to appear to the king on the night before the battle of Bosworth. There was a tomb in his 
memory in the chapel of St. Paul in Westminster abbey. Two children of his are recorded : Ann, who married. 
Sir John Wogan of Wiston, Pembs., and Henry Vaughan, father of Sir Thomas ap Harry or Parry (died 1560), 
who was comptroller of the household to queen Elizabeth. 



One of the illegitimate children Thomas, was long a prisoner in France; 'Sir' Philip Emlyn wrote a cywydd on 
his imprisonment, Edward IV granted £40 from the customs of the port of Bristol towards his ransom, 28 Sept. 
1477. 

1483 - Sir Thomas Vaughan of Tretower and his brothers captured and plundered Brecon Castle 
He was granted appointments in the lordship of Gower during the minority of Anne, heiress of John, duke of 
Norfolk, 7 Oct. 1480. He gave Richard III strong support against the rebellion of the duke of Buckingham in 
Oct. 1483. Henceforward, he is styled knight in the records, and he was granted the stewardship of the lordship 
of Brecknock, 4 March 1484~. He seems to have acted cautiously during the months preceding the battle of 
Bosworth and he obtained a general pardon from Henry VII, 2 April 1486. He built the gateway in the eastern 



27 



wall of Tretower Court, and he maintained his family's traditional patronage of Welsh bards. He was 
unstintingly eulogised by Lewis Glyn Cothi, Dafydd Epynt, Ieuan ap Huw Cae Llwyd, — Iuw Dafi, and others. 
His first wife was Cissil, daughter of Morgan ap Jenkin 'ap Philip' of Gwent; the second was Jane, lady Ferrers. 
Lewis Glyn Cothi addressed an auodl to his three sons, Roger, Watkin, and Henry, but the family soon ceased to 
play a prominent part in Welsh life. The inheritance passed to Henry Vaughan third son. Christopher 

Vaughan son of Henry Vaughan, was sheriff of Brecknock in 1548-9- and his son wmiam 

Vaughan held the same office in 1591-2. He died 1613, leaving William Vaughan who died 1617. In addition to 
the heir Charles Vaughan (d. 1636) Of TretOWer, William Vaughan's children included Thomas 
Vaughan (d. 1658), who m. the heiress of Newton in Llansantffraed; Henry Vaughan the SiluriSt and 
Thomas Vaughan were their sons. Charles Vaughan was sheriff of Brecknock in 1622-3 and 1636. He d. 1654. 
His son, Edward Vaughan dying without issue, the estate passed to the daughter, Margaret, wife of Thomas 
Morgan, Maes gwartha. Her heir, Vaughan Morgan d.ied in 1684 and his son, Charles assumed the surname of 
Vaughan. He d. 1704, and was succeeded at 'Tretower by his son Charles Vaughan The latter m. the heiress of 
Hugh Powell of Scethrog, and took up residence there, where he was followed by his son and grandson (both 
named CHARLES VAUGHAN) 

Tretower Court was sold about 1783, and the long association of the Vaughan family with that place was 
broken. 



Henry and Thomas Vaughan of Tretowers 

VAUGHAN, HENRY ( 1621-95) ; poet, a member of the Vaughan family of Tretower Court-; born in. 1621 at 
Trenewydd (Newton), Brecknock, and educated by Matthew Herbert, rector of Llangattock. He appears to have 
gone up to Oxford in 1638 and to have been a member of Jesus College. He took no degree, but some two years 
later his father sent him to London to study law. Because of the Civil War he was summoned home and for a 
time acted as secretary to judge Sir Marmaduke Lloyd ( Lloyd familv of Maesyfelin) There is reason to think 
that he then fought for the king. He is known to have returned home by 1647. About 1650 he was converted to a 
religious life under the influence of George Herbert . This inclination was reinforced by the death of his brother 
William; his own illness intensified Vaughan's gravity. As an ardent Royalist he was distressed by political 
events but found consolation in the scenery of the Usk Valley. He also turned to the reading of devotional works 
and occult philosophy and began to practise as a physician. He was twice married . -( I ) to Catherine Wise and 
{2} to her sister Elizabeth Wise He died on 23 April 1695, and was buried at Llansantffraed. 
Vaughan's chief works are : Poems, 1646 ; Silex Scintillans, 1650; Olor Iscanus, 1651 ; The Mount o.f Olives, 
1652; Flores Solitudinis, 1654; and Thalia Rediviva, 1678. The Gregynog Press printed Poems in 1924 and 
Vaughan's translation of Guevara'r "Praise and happmesse of the Countrie-Life' from Olor Iscanus in 1938. 
Vaughan was bilingual, and there are traces of Welsh influence in his poetry, which also reflects his love of his 
tranquil native valley. In his fondness for solitary communion with nature and his reminiscences of childhood, 
he anticipates Wordsworth. 



HENRY VAUGHAN, SILURIST 

Member of the Vaughan Family of Tretower 

, "The most Welsh of all who have written English poetry, he has given us the truest values that his race has to 
contribute to our common heritage," writes Dr. F. E. Hutchinson of Henry Vaughan. The values he particularly 
mentions are "the Welshman's imaginative vision, both intense and daring, his sensitiveness to the beauty of 
nature in all her moods, and his , wistful yearning for lost youth, for friends departed, and for peace beyond the 
grave. " Vaughan was ardently royalist and deeply devoted to the Anglican Church ; at the same time he 
displa.yed his strong loca.l patriotism-perhaps a little eccentric ally-by styling himself "Silurist," after the early 
inhabitants of south-east Wales, called "Silures" by Tacitus. His first publication, Poems, witb Tbe tenth Satyre 
of Iuvenal Englished • (1646), bears the usual legend "By Henry Vaughan, Gent.," but the first edition of Siler 
Scintillans (1650) has "By Henry Vaughan, Silurist." It is significant that the term "Silurist" introduces these first 
fruits of his religious conversion. He had retired from the feverish life of the busy world ; he had deliberately 



28 



turned his back upon its pleasures and ambitions ; even if forced upon him by circumstances, he accepted his 
retreat to the country as an integral part of the converted life, as ' appears from his translating about this time 
Guevara's Praise and Happinesse of the Countrie-Life and the life of St. Paulinus, bishop of Nola. It is no real 
parador that Vaughan's Anglican ism and his attachment to his native Breconshire are thus intimately related. 
His early writings suggest that he might have lost himself in the life of a London wit had not political, 
circumstances rendered it impossible, and it would seem that it was through religion that his eyes were opened 
not only to ;, the mystical significance of natural beauty but to the calm satisfaction of a life of usefulness in a 
rural community. It is quite wrong, as some have done, to regard Vaughan as a nature worshipper with an 
incongruous load of High Anglican doctrine; it was precisely his religious conversion, his appreciation of 
Anglican doctri.ne, Which enabled him to be himself, by releasing and giving substance to the deep intuitions of 
his mystical and poetic nature. 

' Henry Vaughan : Life and Interpretation, by F. E. Hutchinson (Clarendon Press, . 1947) 
From an article which appeared in aJournal of the Historical Society of Wales - Henry Vaughan practised as a 
Doctor and had a twin brother Thomas he was born at Trenewydd in Breconshire} 

Vaughan, Henry (1622-1695), Welsh Metaphysical poet and mystic, born in Llansantffraed. Vaughan was 
educated at the University of Oxford and began to practise law in London. In 1642 he returned to Breconshire, 
when civil war broke out in England. Before 1650, Vaughan's poetry was mostly secular; he translated Ovid 
and other ancient writers and wrote fashionable love poetry. After 1650 Vaughan's poetry turned towards 
spiritual issues and he became known as a mystical writer. The most important of his works (several bearing 
Latin titles although they were written in English) was Silex Scintillans (The Glittering Flint, 1650 and 1655), 
a collection of religious poems. His secular works include Olor Iscanus (The Swan of Usk, 1651), which 
contains rhapsodic passages about natural beauty. Thalia Rediviva (Thalia Revived, 1678) has both secular 
and sacred lyrics. Vaughan's fame as a poet rests on his imaginative and often fresh and witty perceptions of 
almost worn-out religious images and subjects. His idealization of the past is balanced by his reverence for 
living nature. His poems are the reflections of a devout and joyous man. Vaughan became interested in 
medicine; in addition to writing and translating works on the subject, he practised as a physician. William 
Wordsworth may have been influenced by Vaughan; both poets share a celebratory and awed view of nature. 

Henry's twin brother was Thomas Vaughan who died in 1666 He was an alchemist and poet, He entered Jesus 
College, Oxford, at the end of 1638, and graduated in 164?, but there is no official confirmation of Anthony 
Wood's claim that he was elected a Fellow. He was appointed rector of his native parish of Llansantffraed about 
1644. But he returned to Oxford to join Charles I, and fought for him in the Civil War. Partly because of this, 
partly because of his intemperance and long absence from his parish, he was deprived of his living in 1650 by 
the parliamentary commissioners He then studied alchemy, first in Oxford, and then in London. He died on 27 
Feb. 1665/6 at Albury, Oxon., where he was buried. He regarded himself as a philosopher-but he was one who 
categorically repudiated the teaching of Aristotle and Descartes, for he was a kind of mystic, and his 
experiments were directed more towards analysing the secrets of nature than to finding the philosopher's stone. 
He published some eight books under the pseudonym Eugenius Philalethes (which has often led to his being 
confused with another mystic who called himself Eirenaeus Philalethes), and other books are attributed to him. 
He also wrote a fair amount of poetry in Latin and in Welsh. Not only did he account himself a Welshman but 
he claimed that Welsh was his native tongue 



Vaughans of Gelli-gaer descended from Lewis, 
Vaughans of Cathedine descended from Roger 

Vaughans of Merthyr Tydfil descended from William; 
Vaughans of Coedkernew descended from John 



29 



Vaughans of TRIMSARAN (PLAS), Pembrey. 

The first landowner to settle there was HOWel Fychan described as Of Trimsaran, who came there 
in the first part of the 16th century. He descended from the family of Gwempa, and by his wife Jane daughter of 
Thomas Reed of Carmarthen ap Thomas Reed hen, had (with others) a son David Vaughan who succeeded to 
Trimsaran, and was an officer of the Lordship of Kidwelly. David died unmarried, and under the terms of his 
will proved in 1572, the estate passed to his nephew, Griffith Vaughan son of William Vaughan Of 
Letherydren, brother of the testator. Griffith then settled at Trimsaran, and in 1587 became High Sheriff, but 
died on 28 th July in his shrieval year, without issue. His wife Margaret Williams of Ystradffin, afterwards 
married three times, her fourth husband being William Powell of Brecs. who lived at Trimsaran, iure uxoris, and 
was High Sheriff in 1610. Griffith Vaughan had no children, and was succeeded by his brother William who 
married Margaret Morgan of Mudlescwm, and had a son Henry Vaughan who followed him at Trimsaran. 
Henry, who was under 18 years of age in 1568, married a daughter of Ystradffin and were both living in 1597 
when the Deputy-Herald Dwnn called at Trimsaran. Their only child, David Vaughan, described as Of 
Trimsaran and Lletherychen, was High Sheriff in 1636. He too, was succeeded by an only son. 
Rowland Vaughan who married Margaret Mansel of Swansea, by whom he had an only child, Philip Vaughan. 
Phillip was High Sheriff in 1661, and married, firstly Lettice Lloyd of Maesyfelin, Lampeter, who died shortly 
after the marriage, without issue; secondly Sage daughter of John Mansel of SError! Bookmark not 
defined.tradey by Mary Vaughan Of Derwydd (d. 1686) by whom he had three sons and two daughters. 
None of the sons married, and one of them Edward Vaughan was the last male member of the family to live at 
Trimsaran, and when he died on 31 December 1683, the rental of the estate was £1,650 per annum. His elder 
sister Dorothy inherited the estate, and the younger sister Mary, a mercurial and eccentric lady, married John 
Brown of Ffrwd and had issue. Dorothy married in 1684 Edward Mansel (created a Baronet in 1696) who 
settled at Trimsaran and was High Sheriff in 1691. He died in London in 1719 aged 55 and was buried in the 
family vault at Pembrey Church. By Dorothy he had several children, the eldest of whom Sir Edward Mansel, 
2 nd Baronet (b. 1686) succeeded to Trimsaran, and was High Sheriff in 1729. He died on 9 May 1754 without 
issue. Nothing is known of his wife Mary, except that she married secondly Lieutenant Colonel Barry St Leger 
of St Margaret's, Westminster, their prenuptial settlement dated 14 April 1773. She died on 7 March 1787, 
having made her will three days previously. The colonel came to live at Trimsaran, which was growing ruinous, 
and we learn from the Diary of John Wesley, that in August 1774 Colonel St Leger sent to Galway for 
Lieutenant Cook: "to come and put his house into repair and manage his estate ... I then rode over to the old 
ruinous house which Mr Cook is making all haste to repair. It is not unlike old Mr Gwynne's house at Garth 
(Brecs.], having a few large hand some rooms. It is also situated much like that, only not quite so low, for it has 
the command of a well-cultivated vale and of the fruitful side of the opposite mountain." 

The mansion was assessed at 8 hearths in 1670, which means it was fairly large. Towards the end of the 18th 
century ownership of the estate became a bone of contention between kinsfolk of the Trimsaran family, and a 
Chancery suit resulted between the Mansels, Townsends and Barry St Leger. Finally the masters in Chancery 
ordered that the estate be sold at the Ivy Bush, Carmarthen, on 27 October 1791, and the printed Particular 
describes the estate as 13 lots amounting to 1781 acres with a yearly rental of £346: the mansion house and 
offices 'situate on the top of the Hill, were out of Repair but the materials of the same are of considerable value', 
and describes the valuable timber, the colliery, farms, game, rights of commons, the right of a pew in the church, 
and is lyrical about the view the house commands 'as far as Tenby , also Carmarthen Bay, and the adjacent 
country'; 



1625 The mortgage of Pentre Meyrick estate was held by THOMAS VAUGHAN Esq Of 

Cwnngwili 



30 



Penybanc Issa - Abergwili 

Early 17c in the possession of Edward Vaughan a younger son of Charles Vaughan Of CwnngwiN 
( High Sheriff 1602) who was a son of Walter Vaughan Of Pembrey Court a descendant of 
Moreiddig Warwyn 

( as he was a descendant he was probably able to use Moreiddig WarWyTlS coat of arms as part of his. 

Moreiddig Warwyns coat of arms was three boys with a green snake around their necks) 

A descendant of Edward , another Edward Vaughan was High Sheriff in 1682 and the estate passed on his death 
in 1692 to his only daughter and heiress Esther Vaughan who married Sir Thomas Powell Bart. Of Broadway 

1753 Gwynne Vaughan Of JordanStOn Pembrokeshire Esq purchased Pendine Great house but by 
1807 it had been sold - (Pendine sands are where the early land speed trials speed trials took place with 
"Babs") 

Vaughans of Llanelli 

In 1705 the Llanelli Vaughan's estate was partitioned into four parts among co-heiresses and a quarter share 
came to Sir Thomas Stepney of Prendergast ( Haverfordwest) but the whole of the estates coal and timber 
resources were to be continued as the common property of all the beneficiaries ( M V Symons Coal mining in 
the Llanelli Area ( Llanelli Borough Council 1979) Pp41-2) 



Vaughans of Whitland 

1570 - great feud between Richard Vaughan of Whitland and Sir John Perrot ( deputy vice admiral of Wales 
and illegitimate son of Henry VIII) over piracy. - Both were involved. 

1570's Pembroke Priory lands held by Lady Katherine Vaughan and her son Richard the land then was passed 
to Robert Devereux Earl of Essex 



Vaughan of Narberth 

In 1582 John Vaughan of Narberth estimated the size and quality of the wood at Minwear - he was probably 
acting as Steward of the Slebech estate. 

. Vaughan of Jordanston 

1702 Lewis Vaughan of Jordanston allowed a Baptist Chapel to be built on his land — this was very unusual at 
the time. 

Vaughan's of Tre-cwn 

1742 the Vaughan's of Tre-cwn are recorded as being very sympathetic to Methodism They are also recorded as 

being very keen supporters of John Wesley in 1763. 

Mary Vaughan of Tre-cwn was one of the early members of the Haverfordwest Wesleyian Methodist chapel 

founded in 1771 and her entire family regularly attended service there. 

1791 Vaughan of Trecwn estate worthy between £1000 and £2000 per year. 



Vaughans of Gelli-goch 

Rice Vaughan who died in 1672 or a little earlier was a lawyer and author; He was the second son (and, from 
1654~, heir) of Henry Vaughan, Gelli-goch, Machynlleth, and his wife Mary, daughter of Maurice Wynn, Glyn, 
near Harlech. He went to Shrewsbury school in July 1 1615 and was admitted to Gray's Inn, 13 Aug. 1638, and 
was called to the Bar on 20 June 1648. In the meantime he hacl been assisting the Parliament side, e.g. in June 
1644 he was appointed a member of the committee for Cardiganshire, Pembrokeshire, and Carmarthenshire. 
Having failed to get himself elected Member of Parliament for Merioneth, 1654, he petitioned the Council of 
State, alleging irregularities on the part of the sheriff (Maurice Lewis) ; the member elected was John Vaughan, 
Cefnbodig The previous year (18 Aug. 1653) Vaughan had been appointed prothonotary for the counties of 
Denbigh and Montgomery in the court of Great Sessions in place of John Edisbury. He server the 



31 



commissioners for sequestrations from March 1649 and did some business on behalf of the Council of state in 
1656. He appears to have been a prisoner in the Tower of London for some time from May 1665 and probably 
remained there for at least two years 



Vaughans of Hengwrt 

Robert Vaughan ( 1592 7-1667), antiquary, collector of the famous Hengwrt library; was only legitimate son of 
Howell Vaughan (d. 1639), of Gwengraig, in the township of Garthgynfor and parish of Dolgelley on the 
eastern slope of Cader Idris, who traced his ancestry from Cadwgan, lord of Nannau, son of Bleddyn ap Cynfyn 
prince of Powys. His mother was Margaret, daughter of Edward Owen of Hengwrt, parish of Llanelltyd, and 
granddaughter of Lewis Owen , baron of the Exchequer of North Wales. Robert Powell Vaughan, or Robert 
Vaughan as he came to be known, was born at Gwengraig, about 1592, judging by the record of his entry into 
Oriel College, Oxford, at the age of 20, in 1612. He left college without taking his degree. The early period of 
his life is obscure, but it can be argued from his friendship with Rhys and Sion Cain , whom he acknowledged to 
be his tutors in genealogy, that he spent some time at Oswestry. The date of his marriage to Catherine ( 1594- 
1663), daughter of Griffith Nanney (b. 1568) is not known, but he was living at Gwengraig in 1624 and it is 
likely that he settled at Hengwrt soon after his marriage. Between 1608 and 1612 Hengwrt had been mortgaged 
by Robert Owen to his brother-in law, Howell Vaughan. Robert Vaughan was on the commission of the peace 
for Merioneth and took an active part in local affairs. He appears to have acted as receiver of bridge mises in the 
county during the Commonwealth. The controversies of that period do not seem to have greatly disturbed his 
life. His chief interests were genealogy, early Welsh history and antiquities, and the collection of books and 
manuscripts. In these pursuits he corresponded with Rhys and Sion Cain, Dr. John Davies of Mallwyd, Evan 
Lloyd Jeffrey of Pale, John Jones of Gellilyfdy Meredith Lloyd of Welshpool, William Maurice of Cefn-y- 
braich, the Wynnes of Gwydir, Sir Simonds d'Ewes, John Selden, James Usher, archbishop of Armagh, and 
others. The library of manuscripts which he collected at Hengwrt is the finest collection of Welsh manuscripts 
ever assembled by an individual. It remained at Hengwrt until 1859, when it passed by the will of Sir Robert 
Williames Vaughan to W. W. E. Wynne of Peniarth The purchase of the reversion of the Hengwrt-Peniarth 
library to Aberystwyth by Sir John Williams in 1905 was one of the deciding factors for establishing the 
National Library of Wales there. Robert Vaughan also collected books, but they were dispersed by Thomas 
Kerslake, a bookseller of Bristol, early in the 19th cent. The catalogue which Robert Vaughan compiled of his 
library is extant (N.L.W. MS. 9095). He transcribed a large number of literary and historical texts, compiled a 
concordance of scripture, genealogical books, notably the great collection of Peniarth MS. 287, and tracts on 
early Welsh history and chronoloy, and translated "Brut y Tywysogion' into English. He published at Oxford in 
1662 a small book entitled British Antiquities Revived, containing a refutation of Sir Thomas Canon's 
arguments that Cadell was the eldest son of Rhodri Mawr and that, consequently, the princes of Deheubarth had 
superiority over those of Gwynedd, a correction of the pedigree of the earl of Carbery as given in Percy 
Enderbie's Cambria Triumphans, distinguishing between Gwaethfoed of Powys and Gwaethfoed of Ceredigion, 
and a short tract on the Five Royal Tribes of Wales. 

Robert Vaughan died, on Ascension Day ( 16 May) 1667. Anthony Wood, on the authority of Thomas Ellis, 
rector of Dolgelley, states that he was buried in the church of that parish in 1666. The burial is not recorded in 
theparish register, but in a draft will, made 1 May 1665, he left instructions for his burial there. He left four sons 
and four daughters. Howell Vaughan, of Vanner, sheriff of Merioneth, 1671, who m. ( 1 ) Jane, daughter of 
Robert Owen, Ystumcegid, and relict of Hugh Tudor of Egryn, and (2) Lowry, daughter of Griffith Derwas of 
Cemes, and widow of Humphrey Pugh of Aberffrydlan; Ynyr Vaughan, who was unmarried but who had issue 
John ab Ynyr, who emigrated to Pennsylvania; Hugh Vaughan, who married. Elizabeth, daughter of Edmund 
Meyrick of Ucheldre; and Griffith Vaughan who had Dolmelynllyn and who married . Catherine, daughter of 
John ap Robert ap John ap Lewis ap Meredith of Glynmaelda; Margaret Vaughan who married . ( 1 ) William 
Price, rector of Dolgelley, and (2) Robert Vaughan, son of Tudor Vaughan of Caerynwch Jane Vaughan, who 
married. Robert Owen (d. 1685) , of Dolserau; Elin Vaughan who married . David Ellis, son of Rowland Ellis of 
Gwanas; and Ann Vaughan, who married Hugh Evans of Berth-lwyd in Llanelltyd. 



Vaughans of Nant-Gwyn 

1592 July 14 Haverfordwest 

GEORGE OWEN, ALBANE STEPNETH AND JOHN AP REES TO ROBERT VAGHAN, JOHN GARNONS 

AND OWEN PHILIPPES OF PENBEDO, GENTLE MEN, THOMAS AP RICHARD, CLERK, PARSON OF 



32 



PENBEDO, JEVAN DAVID, CLERK, PARSON OF BRIDELL, AND GEORGE OWEN, CLERK, PARSON 
OF WHITECHURCHE. 

Whereas we have received letters from the lords and others of Her Majesty's most honourable privy council to 
us and others directed whereby we are willed and required to inform ourselves of all places within this county of 
Pembrooke where in times past there have been pilgrimages, images or offerings whereunto (as their lordships 
are informed) divers sorts of people do use to repair as well in the night season as other times of the day, and 
that in great numbers, and that we should cause those idolatrous and superstitious monuments to be pulled 
down, broken and quite defaced, so as there be no monument, token or memory remaining of the same, and 
likewise to take order that thereafter there be no such unlawful resort to these superstitious places, but to appoint 
some discreet and well affected persons to have an eye and regard to those that, notwithstanding this inhibition, 
shall repair to those places and to see them apprehended and brought before us to be severally punished for their 
disobedience and lewd behaviour. 

These are therefore by virtue and authority of the said honourable letters and commission to will and require 
you, being gentlemen to us known to be well aff ected and forward in Her Majesty's service and good of the 
country, forthwith with all convenient speed to repair tv the place called St. Meygans,* where sometimes 
offerings and supplicatious pilgrimages have been used, and there to cause to be pulled down and utterly 
defaced all relics and monuments of that chapel, not leaving one stone thereof upon another, and from time to 
time to cause to be apprehended all such person and persons of what sex, kind or sort whatsoever that shall 
presume hereafter, contrary to the tenor and purport of this said honourable commission, to repair either by night 
or day to the said chapel or well in supplicatious manner and them to bring or send before us or any one of us to 
be used and dealt withal according to their deserts. Hereof praying you to have special regard for the due 
accomplishment of the premises, as you tender the service of God and Her Majesty and the benefit and quiet of 
the country, we take our leave commending you to God's tuition. 

Endorsed : A letter from divers justices of peace to suppress the superstition at St. Migan's Well. 
Bronwydd MS. 3 f.85. 

Pistyll Meugan in the parish of Llanfair Nant-Gwyn. In the early seventeenth century fairs were held there on 
Ascension Day, Corpus Christi Day and the Monday after St. Martin's Day, the latter being described by George 
Owen as " a grate faire'. 



Vaughan- minister of Rubuxton 

[ Possibly 1668 ] . Rudbexton. 

THE PARISHIONERS OF RUDBEXTON TO -WILLIAM LUCY- BISHOP OF ST. DAVIDS-. 
[Petition] 

May it please your lordship humbly to be advertised by us the parishioners of Rudbexton whose names are 
subscribed that whereas Mr. Lewis Gwyn Vaughan 

our minister, a man every way qualified for his office and approved among us for the space of nine years last 
past, has been and is still tr[oubled by] reason of a false af~davit made by one Nicholas Roch of Picton, we, the 
aforesaid parishioners, with the churchwardens do unanimously certify your lordship that Mr. Vaughan has 
neither openly nor secretly to our knowledge, much less in the face of the congregation, acted anything contrary 
to your honourable court and commands as is falsely alleged, but on the Lord's day in a very irreverend and 
imperious manner being served with a citation, to the disturbance of the congregation and without doubt to his 
own great discomposure, very modestly and gravely took notice of the said service, putting up safely the citation 
which he was then served with and now produced before your lordship. 

May it therefore please your grace to receive this our true information and, as you tender the pitiful condition of 
a flock without a shepherd, so restore to us our lawful and now much injured minister and add no more 
affliction to affliction but of your wonted clemency, whereby you become always a protector of the innocent, 
encourage his great pains and diligence among us and be pleased graciously also to do that right both to us and 
our minister as to receive the testimony of truth, repealing any act, sentence or order that has been granted 
against him by reason of the aforesaid false, malicious, rash inadvised oath. This we humbly beg of your 
lordship with our prayers for you, assuring your lordship that what we write is the truth and shall be made good 
if need require upon our several oaths. 

Subscribed: [Eleven signatures and nine personal marks of people who supported the petition. ] 
Church in Wales MS. SD/MISC/1234. 
Lewis Gwyn Vaughan became minister of Rudbaxton in 1659. 



Richard Vaughan Bishop of Bangor/Chester/London 



33 



Baptised in 1550 He was the second son of Thomas ap Robert Fychan of Nyffryn, Llyn, Caerns. He was 
educated at S. John's College, Cambridge (B.A. 1574, M.A. 1577, D.D. 1589). Shortly after 1577, he was 
appointed chaplain to John Aylmer, bishop of London, who is said to have been related to him, He received 
numerous preferments, including a canonry of S. Pauls { 1583) and the archdeaconry of Middlesex ( 1588) . 
Elected bishop of Bangor 22 Nov. 1595 he was translated to Chester 23 April 1597, and thence to London, 
1604. He is said to have assisted William Morgan in translating the Bible into Welsh, and to have been a 
benefactor of Bangor cathedral. As bishop of Chester, he took firm action against recusants, and as bishop of 
London, silenced extreme Puritans. He died on the 30 th March 1607 



Vaughan - Sheriff of Haverfordwest 

1632 April 20 - From Haverfordwest Records 

Order of the mayor and common council and churchwardens that whereas the bells of the parish of St. Maries 

are greatly decayed and in consideration of the ill-usage of them in ringing them at the death of everyone 

whereby no benefit comes to the parish, any person desiring to have all the bells rung after the death of a 

burgess or a burgess's wife or child shall pay 8s. and after the death of any foreigner or stranger I6s. For one bell 

only 2s. 6d. and 5 s. respectively. The churchwardens shall take order for payment before the ringing (the third 

bell for the knoll only excepted) and account for the same. 

Signed: Thomas Canon, mayor, William Baetman, W(illia)m Meyler, Will(iam] Bouren, Roger Bevans, 

William Canon, John Synnett, John Gibbon, William Williams, Nicholas] Bateman, Rice Vaughan, sheriff, John 

Davids, John Prin [by mark], James Rowth. 



Vaughans and the Quakers 

Quakers coming in 1791 to Milford Haven 

One was a captain Samual Starbuck who had married Abigail Barney 

They had a son Daniel who had married Alice Vaughan she died in 1822 after having four children and she is 

buried at Milford in the Meeting house grave yard. Her daughter Alice is also buried there she died in 1844 



Vaughans of Conway 

'John Vaughan was an artist and violinist, and a native of Conway. W. D. Leathart says that he used to play the 
violin to the accompaniment of the harp at some of the meetings of the Gwyneddigion Society of London, c. 
1776. It was he who painted the portrait of Owen Jones (Owain Myfyr, .), which used to hang in the rooms of 
the Society. He died, in 1824 at a great age. 

His brother, William Vaughan, described by Leathart as a native of Conway, was one of the earliest members of 
the Society. Leathart says that he was looked upon as ~a dandy of the first order, a distinction he was not a little 
proud of, and adds that he was related to lady Mostyn, mother of the Sir Thomas Mostyn. who died, in 1831. 
This lady Mostyn was Margaret, daughter of Hugh Wynn, D.D.; she was heiress of Bodysgallen (near Conway), 
Plas-mawr (Conway), Bodidris (Denbighshire), and of the Vaughan house of Corsygedol William Vaughan 
died at Hammersmith, c. 1827, also at a great age. 



Sir GRUFFUDD VAUGHAN, (d. 1447), soldier, of Broniarth and Trelydan, parish 
of Guilsfield, Mont. 

He was the son of Gruffudd ap Ieuan ap Madoc ap Gwenwys by Maud, daughter of Griffri ap Rhys Vongam. 
The Gwewvys clan traced its ancestry from Brochwel Ysgythrog Their principal houses lay in the parish of 
Guilsfield, in the commote of Strata Marcella. The family, including Gruffudd ap Ieuan, took a prominent part 
on the side of Owain Glyn Dwr. Later in life this Gruffudd held a position under the lords of Stafford at Caus 
castle, and at that period Lewis Glyn Cothi addressed an ode to him. According to Lewis Dwnn 'Sr. Griffith 
Vaughan of Gwenwys Kt.' was a burgess of Welshpool on 7 June 1406. There is a persistent tradition that 
Gruffudd Vaughan was in the band of Welshmen who are said to have saved the life of Henry V when he rushed 
to rescue his brother, Humphrey, duke of Gloucester, at Agincourt, 1415. The belief grew that he, like Dafydd 
Gam, Roger Vaughan, and others, were knighted on the field. These knights are not recorded in Shaw's knights 



34 



of England. If Gruffudd Vaughan was of age he could well have been at Agincourt, for two of his territorial 
lords, Sir John Grey, son-in-law of Sir Edward de Cherleton lord of Powys, and Sir Hugh Stafford, lord of Caus, 
were in that campaign, in the retinue of Humphrey, duke of Gloucester. The first certain record of him is in 
connection with the capture, in Nov. 1417, of Sir John Oldcastle, lord Cobham, the Lollard, in a glade on Pant- 
mawr farm in Broniarth, called 'Cobham's Garden.' A reward of 1,000 marks had been promised for the capture 
of the fugitive. News reached London on 1 Dec. that he was in the custody of Sir Edward de Cherleton at 
Welshpool. The Council ordered his immediate despatch to London, where he was condemned to a traitor's 
death by Parliament on 14 Dec. The reward for his capture was awarded to the lord of Powys, but he died before 
receiving it, though a portion was paid to his widow in 1422. The principal agents in the capture were four of 
the tenants of the lord of Powys, Ieuan and Grifiith, sons of Gruffudd ap Ieuan, being two of them.' By a charter 
dated at Mathrafal, 6 July 1419, Sir Edward de Cherleton pardoned the murders and felonies committed by them 
on the occasion, and granted them their lands in Strata Marcella free of certain rents and services. At 
Shrewsbury, 4 March 1420, in the presence of the king and of Humphrey, duke of Gloucester, the four 
acknowledged satisfaction by the lord of Powys for their portion of the reward for the capture of Oldcastle. It is 
likely that most of Gruffudd Vaughan's service in France belongs to the ensuing period. Sir John Grey fell at 
Bauge, 3 April 1421, and it is said that his body was brought home for burial at Welshpool. It would have been 
natural for Gruffudd Vaughan to have taken a leading part in such an arrangement. A Welsh poet, Owain ap 
Moel in a cywydd states that Gruffudd Vaughan was made an esquire in London and knighted in a town beyond 
Rouen in France. It may be gathered that his promotion was largely due to the patronage of duke Humphrey.He 
was styled knight and was back in Wales before 1443, when, on 10 Aug., he pierced with a lance the heart of his 
master, Sir Ghristopher Talbot third son of the earl of Shrewsbury, and the champion tilter of England. He was 
outlawed and a reward of 500 marks offered for his capture, as the death of the young knight was not regarded 
as an accident. His son, Reynold, and David Lloyd (who could have been his nephew or a person of the same 
name who was his second cousin), shared his outlawry for treason. Sir Henry Grey, earl of Tancarville, 
managed to entice him into Powys castle by means of a safe conduct on 9 J uly 1447, and he was there 
peremptorily beheaded. The earl took immediate steps to claim the reward and a privy seal was issued on 20 
July, but it was not paid, and his son, Richard Grey, sought a new grant after his father's death. It is suggested 
that jealousy of Sir Gruffudd Vaughan's position and his descent from the princely families of Powys led Sir 
Henry Grey to take advantage of the outlawry. 

In the pedigree books Sir Gruffudd is given two wives : Margaret, daughter of Madoc of Hope in Worthen, and 
Margaret, daughter of Griffith ap Jenkin, lord of Broughton. He left three sons : Cadwaladr, . 

ancestor of the Lloyds of Maes-mawr; Reynold, ancestor of the Wynns of Garth in Guilsfield; and David Lloyd, 
ancestor of the Lloyds of Leighton and Marrington. Reynold and David Lloyd received the royal pardon, 21 
Dec. 1448 

David Lloyd seems to have been drowned when his horse shied and plunged into the sea from a transport. His 
will, made 12 May 1489, was proved 10 Jan. following. 



John Vaughan of Cuckoo, Haverfordwest 

13 September 1911 Haverfordwest and Milford Haven Telegraph headlines: 'Terrible Double Murder. Crippled 
Husband's Awful Revenge. Blows up Sleeping Wife and Child and Himself Received Mortal Injuries.' John 
Vaughan of Cuckoo, Haverfordwest, the crippled husband of a reputedly unfaithful wife, had written in a 
notebook: 'Jas Lewis done all this, Jas Lewis caused all this. Hang him, hang him.' On another page of the 
notebook was an order for gelignite. The newspaper, after giving an account of the explosion at Cuckoo where 
John Harries had poisoned two wives just over one hundred years earlier, commented: 'a fit of mad jealousy on 
the part of the husband is responsible for this horrible deed'. John Vaughan, because of his disability, was unable 
to remove himself in time after lighting the fuse which ignited the gelignite and was killed by his own bomb 



35 



The Vaughans of South Pembrokeshire 

Connection between the Vaughans of Golden Grove and the Campbells of Stackpole Stackpole Church 
Registers — John Mirehouse also left his estate at about the same time to his very good friend and god son John 
Campbell - 

Vaughan entries in the registers 

Baptisms 

Vaughn James baptised 20-2-1785 Parents William and Anne 

Vaughn Issac baptised 18-3-1787 Parents William and Anne 

Marriages 

Vaughan James married Anne Jones 3-3-1791 

Vaughan William Married Margaret Matthias 23-10-1897 

In the burials one intersting coincidence occures 

Campbell Hugh Frederick Vaughan buried 10-1-1914 age 43 — so the Vaughan name was carried on as a 

Christian name in the Campbell's 

Vaughan George buried 7-1-1893 age 36 
Vaughan Thomas buried 22-5-1886 age 26 

From these records it looks as if the 1700 Vaughans moved away and later on another family - may be a 

descendent - coincidence of the name William — moved back — but where were the 1700's William and Anne 

buried. 

The Land Tax Records for 1791 show 

Vaughan James (tenant) Hodgeston 

Vaughan John (tenant) Pembroke St Mary's a plot of Land 

Vaughan Wm (tenant) Moncton Bidford Land 

Certainly the owner of the Moncton Bidford land was John Campbell - the owner of the Hodgeston land was 

Lord Milford. 

A John Vaughan was admitted as a burgess of Pembroke on 11-3-1754 he was a corvisor. 

Another John Vaughan admitted as a burgess of Pembroke on 14-1-1760 he was a cooper. -Father and Son??? 

But normalty the son followed the father's trade. 

St Petrox 

Baptisms - no Vaughans 

Marriages 

Vaughan Mary married Richard Johnes 1646 

AVaughan Issac married Mary Ann Jones 8-5-1841 this marriage would mean that if it is the Issac Vaughan of 

Stackpole baptisms he was quite old - at least 54 

No Vaughan burials at St Petrox. 

Bosheston 

Marriages 

Vaughan Margaret married Joseph Bateman 12-11-1808 

No Baptisms or burials 

The St Twinnels register of Baptisms is very interesting 

It records that Vaughan Edward was baptised on 9-4-1749 and that his father was William Vaughan - no 

mother's name is mentioned. 

Vaughan Mary was baptised on 7-2-1836 parent Sarah Vaughan 

Vaughan ? was baptised in 1839 again parent Sarah Vaughan 

These entries would suggest that all these children were illigitimate. In fact there is an entry to suggest that the 

father of Mary Vaughan was John Jones — he also fathered children by Jane Jones but was not married to her. 

He was married at the time and had children .It would appear that he could have been the estate manager In the 

marriage registers we have 

Vaughan James married Mary John 4-10-1777 and 

Vaughan James married Martha Davies 10-11-1790 

This could be the same man marrying twice. 



36 



And also 

A lot later 

Vaughan Linda married John Gwyther 13-3-1897 

Burials we have - 

Vaughan Caroline buried 2-11-1874 age 30 

Vaughan John buried 14-9-1900 age 77 

Vaughan Mary buried 21-3-1884 age 67 - this might be the daughter of Sarah who might not have been 

baptised until a more liberal cleric held the living - many would not baptised children"bom in sin" 

Vaughan Mary buried 24-06-1839 age - this child evidently died soon after birth - was this the un-named 

child baptised in 1839 

Vaughan Thomas buried 14-1-1841 age - Was this child baptised ? — if not was he buried in consecrated 

ground - many cleric's would not bury anyone whose family could not prove they were baptised in consecrated 

ground. 

Vaughan Thomas buried 4-3-1838 age 42 

No more records of Vaughans appear in these registers and they do not appear in other records before the early 
date of these entries therefore it would suggest that there is a connection with Golden Grove on change of 
ownership 

It was a custom that with the lordships approval that illegitimate sons would be given the surname of the lord 
and very often advantages such as being educated and appointed as steward etc. The Vaughans in the Stackpole 
area seem to appear and disappear — Could it be that they came down here for a certain period at the whim of 
the Lord and then returned to Golden Grove. It is known that John Campbell after he inherited Golden Grove 
used to use both residences and rebuilt both. 



Bishop Vaughan and Lamphey Palace 

Following are details of one of the residences of Bishop Vaughan - 

The palace of the Bishops of St David's from the C 13 and probably much earlier and until the mid C16. It has 
important surviving works which have been associated with Bishops Richard Carew, Henry de Gower and 
Edward Vaughan. The palace was surrendered to the Crown by Bishop William Barlow in 1546, whence it was 
granted to Richard Devereux (and the line of the Earls of Essex). In 1683, probably after damage in the Civil 
War, the palace was sold to the Owens of Orielton, and in 1821 to Charles Mathias. In the time of Owen tenure 
the buildings were neglected or converted to farm use, but preservation commenced under the Mathias family 
followed by H. M. Office of Works and Cadw. 

Early C13 : Fragments remain of the Old Hall and its undercroft. It is not clear with which bishop this first 
surviving work is associated. In the hall, two lancets at north , one blocked. Hearth at South with a round 
chimney above. In the undercroft: slit windows with wide embrasures. Local limestone rubble. Alterations in 
C16. 

Late C13 (associated with Bishop Carew): the Western Hall (replacing the old hall which became a kitchen) 
and its undercroft. The hall has a fireplace at the centre of the North wall. An attached latrine block at the SE 
corner. Undercroft: windows with stepped high sills above what appear to be seats. In the walls afire the sockets 
of the floor joists carrying the original timber floor laid above a longitudinal bridging joist. Local limestone with 
dressings in a coarse freestone. 

In later centuries the Western Hall continued as the main hall of the Palace. The undercroft was vaulted over. 
Windows converted to Tudor form. An attic storey and a new latrine block at S were added. 

Early C14 (associated with Bishop Gower): A long narrow hall (or suite of rooms?) and undercroft 
added at the E of the Palace. The main stairs are against the N wall, above the undercroft porch. There are 
corbels for a pentice roof sheltering the stairs. The hall was roofed with six trusses, for the wall-posts of which 
there are corbels about 1.5 m above floor level. Pairs of trefoil-headed lancet windows with window seats. The 
E end of the hall is served by a fireplace with a conical chimney. A latrine wing is attached at SW. At the top of 
the walls is an arcaded parapet, of less developed type than that of Bishop Gower at St David's. Local limestone 
rubble with sandstone dressings. 



37 



This building has a fine undercroft which now appears as a single vault, slightly pointed at the apex. The 
springings of several of the eleven cross-ribs survive, but the ribs have almost completely disappeared and the 
straight construction joints in the stonework above rib positions are visible. 

A building at the E of the inner ward containing additional accommodation (the 'red chamber') may be 
contemporary. 

Early C16 (associated with Bishop Vaughan) Fragments of a chapels with a modern gateway at the E. Sacristy 
at N. Fragments of Tudor windows. A fine Perpendicular E window survives. 

Wards: The inner ward gatehouse, now standing in isolation two storeys, with gatekeeper's room above. Altered 
stairs at N. incorporating a mounting block. Pitched floor in the gateway. Shallow vaulted floor above. In the 
NE corner of the upper room there is a fireplace. Parapet arcading after the Gower style. 



There remain fragments of an extensive outer ward, to the N and W of the main buildings. Here the most 
important structure was Bishop Vaughan's great corn barn, the lower part of the N wall of which survives. Also 
fragments of the outer gatehouse. A later outer precinct wall to the S facing the stream and fishponds. 
A detailed inventory of the goods of Bishop Rawlings lists the following rooms of the late Bishop 'at his manor 
place of Lantefey, with their contents, providing an idea of the extent of the build-ing at the Dissolution, as 
follows- The Bishop's own chamber 'where he was accustomed to take his rest, and where he died'. The 
Chamberlain's chamber. The wardrebe. The Checkered chamber. The Great Chamber. The gardine chamber, the 
Gloucester chamber. The next chamber to the Gloucester chamber. The Parker's chamber. The Steward's 
chamber. The next camber. The Porter's chamber. The Cooks chamber. The Painter's chamber The Barbers 
chamber. The Brewer (chamber). The Under Cook's chamber. The Chapel chamber. The second chamber within 
the Chapel chamber. The Chapel. The Hall. The Paramour The Wine Cellar. The Buttery The Pantry. The 
Kitchen. The Larder House. Th Fish Larder House. The Bakehouse. The Brewhouse The Malthouse. Oxhouse. 
The Park. List of Books in the study. 



The Vaghan's of South Pembrokeshire 1330's 

1324 August 20 Pembroke 

C Edward II File 85 

Extent made before John de Hamptona, King's escheator, at Pembroke 20 August 1324 Jurors Walter 

Maeleufaut, Walter de Castro, John Keiez (Kneghey) John Melin, Walter Harald; Stephen Perot, Walter Eliot; 

Wioti de Laureny, John Cradok ( John de Luny) William de Crippynes, Thomas Martin, and John Scorlags. 

[as per C Edward II file 84 plus following] 

Aymer had in the county of Pembroch 25 Vi knights' fees and one 

tenth knight's fee, whereof : 

• Cam, 5 knights fees held by John de Carru, worth yearly, 100m 

• Maynerbir, 5 knights' fees held by John de Barri, worth yearly 100m 

• Stakepol, 5 knights' fees held by Richard de Stakpol, worth yearly, 100m 

• Osbarnestoun, one tenth knights' fee held by David de la Roche, worth yearly 26s 8d; 

• Flemisshton, half knights' fee held by Walter de Castro, worth yearly 100s 

• Benegereston one knights' fee held by John Beneger, worth yearly 26s 8d # Popetoun, half knights' fee 
held by Stephen Perrot, worth yearly 10m 

• Kilkemoran, half knights' fee held by John Scorlagh, worth yearly 10m # Moristoun, half knights' fee held 
by Walter de castro, worth yearly 10m. 

• Costyneston 2 knights' fees held by John Wogan, John Beneger and William Robelyn, worth yearly 40m. 

• Esse half knights' fee held by Walter Maleufaunt worth yearly 10m. 

• Jurdanestoun, half knights' fee held by John Joce, worth yearly 10m 

• Mineyerdoun half knights' fee held by John de Castro Martini, worth yearly 10m 

• La Torre, one tenth knights' fee held by John Vaghan, worth yearly 26s 8d. 

• Coytrath one tenth knights' fee held by Nicholas de Bonvill, worth yearly 26s 8d 

• Coytrath one knights' fee held by John Chaumpan worth yearly 10m 



38 



Coytrath half knights' fee held by Andrew Wiseman, worth yearly 5m 
Coytrath one tenth knights' fee held by John Scorlag worth yearly 13s 4d 
Coydrath one tenth knights' fee held by David Maleufaunt worth yearly 13s 4d 
Westirathvaghan one tenth knights' fee held by William Hervi and others , worth yearly 10s 
Blanculcoyt one tenth and one twentieth knights' fee and 12a land held by John de Castro Martini worth 
yearly 20s 

• Kethlihavelok one tenth and one twentieth knights fee and 24a land held by John de Castro Martin worth 
yearly 20s 

Lanteg 5 bovates of land held by John Vaghan, John Ereband, and William, son of Nicholas de Barri, by knights 
service worth 

yearly 13s 4d 

• Wyston 2 Vi knights' fee held by Walter Wogan and Walter de Staunton worth yearly £33 6s 8d 
Rescrouther (40m) St Florence (40m) Londes (100s) the advowsons of the churches 

Summary of the part of the above manor "for one part of a moiety of two parts of the inheritance of Pembroke in 
demesne for the boy", inter alia 

Wales As on [File 84] above , omitting Castle Godrich and Manor of St Florence 

Total Value £175 16s 41/2d besides dower (preter dotem) 

Summary do. as above "in reversion" for the boy ie Laurence, son and heir of John de Hastings, inter alia, 
Manor of St Florence ii33 14s ; 40 librates of land in Castle Martin, ii40 li 73 14s 

Summary of fees in "demesne" for the boy inter alia Pembroke in Wales Those marked * above 

Sum of Fees £17 Vi + l/3of one knight's fee. 

Sum. of fees in "reversion" for the boy inter alia Pembroke in Wales Those marked # above 
Sum of Fees, 8 

1348 September 24 Pembroke 

Writ of certiorari de feodis etc., to John de Shol, escheator in Hereford and the adjacent March of Wales, 24 

September, 22 
Edward III Extent of all fees and advowsons of churches in the county of Pembroke, made at Pembroke on 

Thursday in the feast of St Michael de Monte Tumba, 22 Edward III. 

Jurors; John Cantrel, William Adam, William Robelyn, Thomas de Castro, Andrew Wysman, John Beneger 

John Rou, John Robyn, William Parttrahan, John Hilton and Henry Beneger. 



Laurence de Hastings, Earl of Pembroke, had in the county of 

Pembroke 251/2 knights fees and three carucates of land, viz; 

Carreu 5 fees held by John de Carreu, worth yearly 100m 

Maynerbir' 4 Va fees held by Oweyn ap Owen and Avice , his wife worth yearly 84m 

Ogiston half and quarter fee held by William de Rupe, worth yearly £10 

Costenyston, two fees held by Thomas Morgan. William Robelyn and Ralph Benger's heirs, worth yearly 40m 

Beneregiston, one tenth fee held by Willian Beneger and Joan his wife, of the right of the said Joan, worth 

yearly 26s 8d 

Esse half fee held by William Maleufant, worth yearly 10m 

Wyston 21/2 fees held by Philip de Stouton and Mathias Morgan severally and in equal portions, worth yearly 

£33 6s 8d 
Jordanyeston half fee held by John Joce worth yearly 10m 
Torre, one tenth fee held by John Vaghan, worth yearly 26s 8d 
Coytrath, one tenth fee held by Nicholas de Boleville, worth yearly 26s 8d 
Coydrath half fee held by Andrew Wysman, worth yearly 10m 
Coydrath one tenth fee held by Walter Scurlages, worth yearly 13s 6d 
Coydrath one tenth fee held by William son of Thomas of Carreu, John Maleufaut, John Perot, worth yearly 13s 

6d 
Blengilgoyt one tenth and one twentieth fee and 12a of land, held by Philip de Castro Martini, worth yearly 20s. 
Kethlihavelot one tenth and one twentieth fee and 24a of land held by John de Castro Martini, worth yearly 20s 
Nanteg 5 bovates of land held by John Champaygne, John Vaghan, and John Cok, worth yearly 13s 4d 

Westrathvaghan one tenth fee held by David Elyot and other tenants worth yearly 10s 



39 



Glinbogh 2 carucates of land held by William[son of Henry] worth yearly 40s. 

The undermentioned fees were assigned to Mary de Sancto Paulo, countess of Pembroke, after the death of 
Aymer de Valencia, late Earl of Pembroke.: Stakepol 5 knights fees worth yearly 100m 

Fflemingyston, half knight's fee worth yearly 100s 

Popetoun half Knights fee worth yearly 10m 

Kilermorran half knights fee worth yearly 10m 

Menierdon half knights fee worth yearly 10m 

Coydrath one knights fee held by John Champaigne, worth yearly 10m 

Moriston half knights fee worth yearly 68s lOd 

Osberneston one tenth knights fee held by Robert de la Roche, deceased, whose heir is a minor in the Queen's 

wardship worth yearly 26s 8d 
Advowsons of Churches: Roscrouther (40m) 
Londes (100s) 
St Fflorence. Mary de Sancto Paulo has the advowson (40m) 

1353 Feb 8 Westminster 

Patent Roll 27 Edward III Pt 1 M 27d (Cal p 447) 

Commission to John de la Bere, Owayn son of Owayn, Walter Malenfant and Eynon Vaghan, reciting that the 
king has received a plaint of Thomas son of Richard Wyryot, containing that, although he holds of John son and 
heir of Laurence de Hastynges, late earl of Pembroke, who is within age and in the king's ward, one knight's fee 
in Orieldoune and Kilpatrikeston co. Pembroke, by service of a rose yearly and a moiety of a horse for arms in 
time of war, doing suit once a year at the gate of the castle of Pembroke and rendering besides to Philip Roger 
and John Says yearly 24s 4d of rent sec and the said fee has always hitherto been held peacefully of the 
ancestors of the said heir, earls of Pembroke, nevertheless the said Phillip and John, claiming that the fee is held 
of them and not of the heir , distrain him to do service thereof to them to his damage and the danger of 
disherison of the heir, wherefore he prays for a remedy; and appointing them to make inquisition in the county 
and find the whole truth of the matter. The keeper of the lands late of the earl, and all the king's bailiffs and 
ministers, in the county, are hereby commanded to be obedient to them in the premises and to furnish jurors as 
required. 

1376 Hereford 

INQ. 49 Edward III File 246/22 

Inquisition, Hereford, Saturday, Feast of St Dunstan, 49 Edward III, before John Sergeant, king's escheator, 

in cos.Glos. and Hereford and the Marches of Wales. 
Jurors: John Pride, Baldewyn de Brugge, John ap Rees, William Rous, Thomas de Maynes, John Walewayn, 
Ivanni Vaghan ap Ievan ap Howel, William de Boarton, Walter de la Halle, Rees ap Wylym, Simon de 
Brugge, 

Lands of John de Hastynges, late Earl of Pembroke. 

Before his death he had enfeoffed certain persons with the following premises among others: the castle and 
county of Pembroke, the castle and lordship of Tenby, Cilgerran, and the commote of Oysterlow, worth 300 
marks yearly. 



1376 20 November 

I.P.M., Edward III, 248, f. 105 

Writ of certiorari de feodis, d. 20 November, 49 Edward III. Edward de Brigg. Extent. .. 49 Edward III. 

Jurors: Richard de Houton, Roger Creytol, Henry Brace, Richard de Brompton, John de Mulle, Hugh 

Wrembrugge, Walter Keveryk, Walter Bisshewall', John Kawerose, Walter Rouse, Henry ap Ieuan, Walter 

Heynes. 

John de Hastinges late Earl of Pembroke, deceased, held the undermentioned fees and advowsons of the king 
in chief, viz: 5 knight's fees in Carrewe, held by John de Carrewe, worth £25 yearly; besides reprisals; 4 Vi 
knight's fees in Maynorbury, held by Owen ap Owen and Amicia, his wife, worth in gross £22 yearly; a 
moiety and Quarter of a knight's fee in Hoggeston, held by William de Rupe, and worth in gross 100s yearly; 
two knight's fees in Costyneston, which William Robelyn, Thomas Wogan and Ralph Beneger formerly held, 

worth in gross £21 yearly; one tenth of a knight's fee in Robeston which William de worth in gross 10s 

yearly; half a knight's fee in Esse, which W.. formerly held worth etc. 50s; 2 Vi knight's fees in Wiston, 
which Willian de(?) Standon and Mathias Wogan hold and worth, etc. £12 10s; moiety of a knight's fee in 



40 



[Jordany]eston which John Joce formerly held and worth one tenth of a knight's fee in Torre, which John 

Wogan formerly held worth etc. 10s; one tenth of a knight's fee in Coytrath which Sir formerly held and 

worth etc. 10s; Half a knight's fee in Coytrath which Andrew Weseman formerly held, worth etc. 50s; one 
tenth of a knight's fee in Coytrath which William Scorlage' formerly held and worth 10s: one tenth of a 
knight's fee in Coytrath which William, son of Thomas of Carrew, John Malefaunt, and John Perot formerly 
held and worth etc 10s: one tenth and one twentieth part of a knight's fee in Glangilgoyd which Philip of Castle 
Martin formerly held and worth etc. 10s; one tenth and one twentieth part of a knight's fee and 24a of land in 
Kethlyhavelot which Philip of Castle Martin formerly held and worth etc. 10s; five bovates of land in Nantege 
which Philip Champaigne, John Vaghan and John Cok formerly held and worth etc. 8s; one tenth part of a 
knight's fee in Westrathvaghan which David Elyot and other tenants formerly held and worth etc. 10s; two 
carucates of land in Glynyburgh formerly held by William Fitz Henry, worth etc 20s: [5] knight's fees in 
Stakepol which Richard Stakepol formerly held and worth etc £20; half a knight's fee in fflemis[ton] which 
Walter de Castro formerly held and worth etc 60s; half a knight's fee in Popetoun which Stephen Perot 
formerly held and worth etc. 50s. ; half a knight's fee in Mynyerdon which [John] of Castle Martin formerly 
held and worth etc. 50s; half a knight's fee in Moristoun which William de Castro formerly held and worth 

etc. 50s; a knight's fee in Coytrath which John Champaigne formerly held and worth etc ; moiety of a 

knight's fee in Mauh, „,in Walles which Sir Morgan holds and worth etc 20s; one knight's fee in Lamenir [in 
Walles] formerly held by Adam ap Ivor, worth etc. 100s; one fourth part of a knight's fee in Lancadok and 

Lamanoz(?) in Wales, formerly held by Vaghan and worth etc. 26s; one third of a knight's fee. .Michaelis 

in Wales, which Ieuan ap Henry formerly held and worth etc. 33s(?) part of a knight's fee in Lan. ...in 

Wales which William le Walssh' formerly held and worth etc. 26s; moiety of a knight's fee in Wr. ...re in 

Wales which William de Brom'formerly held and worth etc ; moiety of a knight's fee in Maynde in 

Wales, which David Launden formerly held and worth etc. 60s; one third of a knight's fee in Wales which 
Erdedevel vergh Howell held and worth etc. 40s; 
Advowsons Kylgarren (£4 beyond reprisals) , Maynerde (lOmarks, etc), Pencrath(?) (60s) . 

Lanyhauel (£4, etc) , Rescogthurg (40m? ) Londes (100s etc) (£40. etc) , St de Whitchurch, St Thomas de 

Geveren(?). 



Walter de Seys 

The early part of the 14 th century was a very turbulent time in the history of Britain, the influences of events of 
the day affected even the most distant parts of the country 

Walter Seys founder of the one of the Vaughan families; that of the Welsh Marches and Pembrokeshire,lived, 
founded the family fortunes and had an influential part in the events of the time. 

After the defeat of the Earl of Lancaster's rebellion in 1322, Edward II who had homosexual tendences, became 
totally dominated by the le Dispensers, father and son, Sir Hugh the younger took advantage of his position to 
extend his lands into a territorial lordship covering most of South Wales. This was regarded as a threat by those 
holding land in the Marches. The estate of the earl of Pembroke is one example Aymer de Valance, one time 
adviser to the king, died in 1324 leaving no children. His sister Isabel de Valance was married to John de 
Hastings and their son Laurence de Hastings, became heir and the new earl of Pembroke but , because he was a 
minor, the estate was held by the Crown. 

On April 28, 1325, 1 Edward II granted custody of all the estates belonging to Laurence, the son and heir of 
John de Hastyngs , until the said Laurence should come of age, to Hugh le Despenser the younger. 

Sir Hugh the elder, had been made Earl of Winchester. He caused "the Queen to be hated and put on livery" 2 . 
Queen Isabella seeing the warning signs, and believing that her position and possibly her live were threatened, 
agreed, when it was proposed by the papal nuncios, that she would undertake a peace mission, to reconcile her 
husband and her brother and obtain a settlement of the vexing question of who was the overall ruler of 
Gascony. On 9 March 1325 she, with most of her household, sailed for France, where, as a mediator, she 
proved very effective. Part of the agreement she concluded was that Edward II should, in person, do homage to 
Charles IV (of France), for those lands held by Edward II in France. 

The Dispensers were against Edward travelling to France, rejoining the Queen or in any way leaving their 
sphere of influence and on 24 August Edward II declared himself unfit to travel. He adopted the plan that 
Prince Edward should be invested with the duchy of Gascony and the county of Ponthieu and perform homage 
in place of his father. Accordingly the young prince sailed to France and did homage to the French king. 



'Close Roll 18 Edward II m.6. 

2 Brut Y Tywyogyon, Thomas Jones, University of Wales Press 



41 



During the time they were in France, Edward II had his son and wife proclaimed as traitors both to him and his 
kingdom. Queen Isabella in turn vowed not to return to the court of Edward II as long as Hugh the Despenser 
the younger was there. 

Supported by the count of Hainault, in return for the marriage of his daughter Philippa to the young Edward, the 
Queen, her son , the earl of Kent, Roger Mortimer, and the brother of the count of Hainault with a small 
supporting force, invaded England landing at Orwell in Suffolk (although Brut Y. Tywysogyon says they 
landed at St Edmondsbury) on September 24 1326 and headed for London. Many of the Marcher lordships 
supported Edward III 

Edward II was then in the west country, and the chronicle records that he and Sir Hugh the younger fled across 
the Severn from Bristol towards Morgannwy. Sir Hugh the elder who commanded at Bristol was forced by the 
burgesses to yield the town without resistance, was seized, "tried "sentenced to be "drawn for treason, hanged 
for robbery, beheaded for misdeeds against the Church". 3 

Sir Hugh the younger with Simon Reding, a clerk, and king Edward II headed into Wales, trying to escape to 
Lundy Island, from where they might have been able to get a boat to Ireland but storms in the Bristol Channel 
prevented this. Instead they were forced to head further west, with the hope of gaining support from some of 
Hugh the Despenser the younger's estates. On 16 November they were captured at Neath Abbey. The next day 
Simon Reding was drawn and hanged and Hugh the younger was taken to Hereford were on 24 November he 
was "tried" and a similar sentence to his father's carried out forthwith. It is interesting that he was taken to 
Hereford were Walter de Seys had influence. 

Edward II was taken to Kenilworth and was forced to abdicate in January 1327. His son was proclaimed King 
as Edward III At that time he was fifteen years old. 

The deposed Edward II was removed from Kenilworth, in April 1327, to Berkeley Castle were at least two 
attempts were made to rescue him. According to some accounts, he was murdered on 21 September 1327 by 
being pierced in the rectum with a white hot lance, it has been suggested on the orders of Roger Mortimer 4 

On the death of Hugh le Despenser the younger, control of the estates of Laurence de Hastynges (who was still a 
minor) passed to Roger de Mortuo Mari (Roger Mortimer) 

Edward III as a minor was under the influence of his mother Queen Isabella and her lover Roger Mortimer till 
1330. Then becoming eighteen, in October 1330 with the encouragement and support of many of the nobility , 
he took over the reins, of government. His mother Queen Isabella and her lover Roger Mortimer were arrested, 
Mortimer had been caught in the old king's bedroom at night, he was executed by being drawn and quartered 
and his heir dispossessed, Isabella was confined to Castle Rising, 

Among those whose support in Wales was crucial to the king was that of Walter de Seys. He held many 
important posts in Wales and was involved in the taking of inventories of the estates which had been held by 
Roger de Mortuo Mari 

Administrations of the estates of the Laurence de Hastynges were taken back into the King's hands and he 
appointed, in 1331, Richard Symond as Steward of the County of Pembroke and keeper of the castles, late of 
Roger de Mortuo Mari, the king's enemy and rebel. 

NB Laurence de Hastings succeeded his father John, half brother of Sir Hugh Hastings, as fourth Lord Hastings 
and Bergavenny in 1325. As a young man he served under Edward III in Flanders, and in 1339 was created Earl 
of Pembroke as representative of his great Uncle Aymer de Valence. The arms of Aymer de Valence, can be see 
in enamel on his effigy in Westminster Abbey. In 1340 Laurence de Hastings accompanied the King on his 
expedition into Scotland, and later took a prominent part in Lancaster's campaigns of 1345 in Aquitaine and 
Gascony, being present at Bergerac - which he garrisoned — at Auberoche and Aiguillon. He was at the siege of 
Calais and died in 1348. Arms Quarterly, Hastings and Valence. There is a stone effigy of him at Abergavenny 
moreover there is a small figure, of him, on the brass of Sir Hugh de Hastings at Elsing Church Norfolk 5 



3 Ann. Paul, pp 317-18 
4 Brut.y Saesson 



The armies ofCrecy and Poitiers by Christopher Rothero , Osprey Publishing London 1981 



42 



1325 April 28 Winchester 

Close Roll, 18 Edward II, m 6 (Cal, p 288 ) 

Order to John de Hampton, escheator in Hereford (etc) and the adjoining marches of Wales, to deliver to Hugh 
le Despenser, the younger, certain lands and tenements, to wit the castle and the town of Pembroke, the barn of 
Kyngeswode, the commote of Coytrath, the castle and town of Tenby, the manor of Castle Martin (except 
u40,of land and rent in the same held by Mary, late the wife of Aymer de Valence, in dower ), the manor of 
Tregeyr, the rent and foreign profits of the whole county of Pembroke, and the commote of Oysterlof which 
premises are assigned to Lawrence, son and heir of John de Hastyngs, a minor, from 12 February last, when the 
King granted the custody of the said Lawrence's property, until he came of age to the aforesaid Hugh 

1326 Oct 29 Caerphilly 

Patent Roll, 20 Edward II, m 7 (Cal p 334) 

Appointment of Rees ap Griffith to raise all the forces of the county and bring them to the king; with power to 
arrest the disobedient ... 



43 



The king had ordered a survey to be carried out on all the lands administered by Roger de Morti Maur 

These records for this area have survived and are very detailed 

It is difficult to decide what order to look at the records from this time but I felt that the overall view — the 
stewards of the estates accounts would be a good place to start 



mil. View of the Account of Walter Seis, the Treasurer of Pembroke from Michaelmas (29 Sept) 1326 to 24 
May 1327, for 33 weeks and four days. 

Castlemartin 

received of David Phelip, the reeve there, by one tally. £ 30 

Pembroke 

Farm of the mills of Pembroke for this time, £20 lis 4 3/4d 

the prise of the beer there . 77s 2d. 

Sum £ 34 8s 6 3/4d 

Costyniston and Wiston which are in ward 

received of William Huloc, reeve of Costiniston, by one tally £ 6 5s 4d 

received of Thomas Cogan, reeve of Wyston by one tally. £ 7 

Sum £ 13 5s 4d 
Tenby 

received of Robert, the baker, the farm of the mill of Waterwyche 
by one tally. 13s 4d 

The County (Com') for the ward of the castle of Pembroke; 
from the ward of : 

Costyniston 4s., 

South Cyroni, 2s 6d 

Gonedon, 2s., 

Popetoun 2s., 

Corston 20s. 

Sum 30s 6d. 
And for the residue Richard de Collyngton is to answer, to wit: 

Corston 20s; 

Maynerbir 8s 

Kylecop 2s; 

Thouryston . 9s 6d 

Perquisites of Court 5s 4d 

for the time of this view, and no more, because Richard de Collyngton is to answer for the rest, and he has the 

Rolls of the court with Him 

Total Receipts £ 70 3s 3/4d 



EXPENSES 

Expenses of Walter Seys going to Carmarthen to 

Sir William de la Southe, by order of the said William, 

and staying there for two days, 2s 6d.; 



44 



Vaughans of St Issels ( now Saunderfoot) Pembrokeshire 

Extract from Old Pembrokeshire families in the Ancient County Palatine of Pembroke from in part the Floyd 
MSS by Henry Owen DCL Oxon FSA ( High Sheriff of Pembrokeshire)1902 

"THERE is preserved the record of a long and interesting suit relating to lands in St. Ussyls (St. Issel's) which 
contains much local family history.' Stephen Baret was charged with the sum of 50s, yearly from 1359 as farm 
rent for the custody of a messuage and lands at St. Issel'e granted to him on the death of David VAUGHAN, 
whose heir was under age, as was also (John) the heir of Laurence Hasting, Earl of Pembroke, 
We have scattered notices of the Barets, who seem to have been originally burgesses of Carmarthen, and held of 
Guy de Brian in the lordship of Laughame. Lewys Dwnn gives three pedigrees of branches of the family at 
Pendine (afterwards at Tenby), Philbeach and Gelliswick, Adam Baret, John the son of John Baret , and Henry 
the son of Thomas Baret, have been mentioned in the de la Roche paper/ In 1348 David Baret waa chancellor 
of St. David's; in 1376 Adam Baret was a juror at Haverford, in 1378 John Baret at Pembroke, and in 1430 
David Baret at Haverford, but what kin any of them were to our Stephen there is nothing to show, 
The Vauglians had been settled in the district for some years. Robert VAUGHAN was on a jury at Pembroke in 
1302, when all the jurors were persons of good standing. In 1324 and 1348 a John VAUGHAN held one-tenth 
of a fee at La Torre (Tarr), and in coparcency with John Emebald and William son of Nicholas de Barri, five 
bovates of land at Lanteg (Lanteague) . John had a son David who died about 1350, holding the manor of St. 
Issel's for half a knight's fee and a rent of 16s. 8d.; his heir was Walter, who held St. Issel"s and died in 1361 
leaving a daughter, Nesta, who died aged four years in 1364, when the property passed to David Portan or 
Portcan, who was the son of Isabella the daughter of David VAUGHAN. 

Stephen Baret sought to be released from the payment charged, and obtained a writ, dated 1st October 1378, 
directing the barons of the Exchequer to do right under the circumstances set forth by an inquisition taken at 
Hereford (Haverford ) on the 1st September then last, which shows the descent of the lands to David Portan, and 
further states that the lands for which Baret had been charged had been held by John the son of Andrew 
Wiseman since the death of Nesta. 

The Wisemans were probably brought to the county from Scotland by Ayner de Valence. They gave their name 
to Wiseman's Bridge over the stream which divides St. Issel's from Amroth. This Andrew held at the death of 
Earl Aymer half a knight's fee at Coytrath (Coedrath) ; his son John was born about 1336. There are a few later 
notices of the family ; in 1383 John Wiseman (who in 1378 was one of the sureties given by John Harold for the 
custody of Stephen Perrot), and in 1392 Thomas Wiseman, were jurors at Pembroke ; in 1400 John Wisema.n 
was one of the commissioners appointed to enquire into the King's debts at Pembroke 



Vaughans - Marches 

THE GREAT SESSIONS 

RECOGNISANCES FOR KEEPING THE PEACE TAKEN IN THE GREAT 
SESSIONS AT NEWPORT IN 14.76. 

After the hearing of pleas by the justices was over, the Great Sessions were continued for another three days, 
from Monday, 3 June, until Wednesday, 5 June, for the purpose , of taking recognisances from seventy-two 
persons. This was done as a security that they would appear before Henry, duke of Buckingham or his council in 
Newport Castle, at the shire court to be held after Easter, 1477, and would meanwhile be of good conduct. All 
persons put under recognisances were obliged to find mainpernors who would answer in case of their own 
default, and these bonds were to be forfeit if a breach of the duke's peace, or injury to any of his tenants and 
residents in the lordship, was committed. Most of the bonds were for 100 shillings, but the more important 
tenants gave recognisances for much greater sums ; the sherif £ of Wentloog, Thomas Vaughan, ( Sir Thomas 
Vaughan of Tretower who died c.!493)and Sir John Morgan of Tredegar for 500 marks each, Lewis Vaughan 
for 200 marks, William Kemeys for ,£Ioo, and Hugh Flemming, William David Kemeys and Sir John Morgan's 
heir, Morgan John, for 100 marks each. Bonds for £40 were given by Morgan ap Howell Kemeys and Thomas 
Llywelyn Vaughan; twelve persons were put under bonds for £10 each, and the remaining fifty-one were all at 
100 shillings. A few were men who had been acquitted (or convicted) during the sessions, but most of them 
were persons who had not been charged with any crime. In three of these bonds, the obligation to keep the peace 
was not limited to the lordship of Newport. The sheriff of Wentloog, Thomas Vaughan, Thomas Cook and 



45 



Llywelyn ap Ieuan ap Philip ap Iorwerth (whose bonds were for 100 shillings each), undertook that they would 
be of good conduct towards all the duke's tenants and residents in the Welsh Marches. 

[One of the conditions contained in the 'Indenture for the Marches' made on I March, 1490 between Henry VII 
and his uncle, Jasper Tudor, duke of Bedford, as marcher lord of Pembroke, Glamorgan, Newport, 
Abergavenny, Caldicot and Magor, was that before Whitsun the duke should cause his officers in his marcher 
lord ships "to put al maner of men . . . undre sufficient suertie of ther good abering and ther appering in the saide 
courte to answer the lord and partye']. 

. Marginal notes made on the assize roll in a later hand record that seven persons appeared and that no charge 
was brought against them. Most of these seven stood to forfeit considerable sums had they failed to appear. The 
appearance of sheriff of Wentloog, Thomas Vaughan, is noted, along with that of Sir John Morgan, Lewis 
Vaughan, Hugh Fleming, Morgan John, Thomas Llywelyn Vaughan, and the convicted usurer of Rumney, John 
ap David Vaughan. 

The Great Sessions afforded also an opportunity for persons to seek protection against their enemies. Gwenllian 
Flouen sought security of the peace on Monday, 3 June, against Philip David Luya, swearing on oath that his 
threats had put her in fear o£ life and limb. He was com mitted to jail, and later released on bail, giving a bond 
for £20, which was to be forfeit if he did Gwenllian bodily harm, or failed to appear before the justices at the 
next Great Sessions. Before the sessions were dissolved, Philip David Luya was also put under a recognisance 
for £10, in the usual form. 
[a mark was at this time worth 13shillings and eight pence] 



NEWPORT ASSIZE ROLL, Iq.76 107 NEUPORT 

Thomas Vaghan, armiger, vicecomes de Wenllouk, predicto die Lune venit hie in curiam in propria persona sua 

et assumpsit pro se ipso sub pena quingentarum marcarum quod ipse die Jovis in septimana Pasche proximo 

future personaliter comparebit in castro de Neuport coram duce Bukyngham vel consilio suo et interim erit de 

bono gestu erga omnes tenentes et residentes infra dominia de Neuport, Wenllouk et Maghan et membra 

eorundem ac omnes alios tenentes et residentes infra dominia predicti ducis in marchia Wallie. Et Willelmus 

Kemmeys, Hugo Flemmyng, Willelmus David Kemmys, Morganus John et Morganus ap Howell Kemmys 

assumpserunt et quilibet eorum per se assumpsit pro predicto Thoma Vaghan quod ipse comparebit in castro 

predicto, predicto die Jovis et interim erit de bono gestu in forma predicta, videlicet predictus Willelmus 

Kemmeys sub pena centum librarum et quilibet predictorum Hugonis, Willelmi David Kemmeys et Morgani 

John sub pena centum marcarum et predictus Morganus ap Howell Kemmys sub pena quinquaginta marcarum. 

Quam quidem summam quingentarum librarum predictus Thomas Vaghan et predictas alia summas in forma 

predicta specificatas, quilibet predictorum Willelmi Kemmeys, Hugonis, Willelmi David Kemmys, Morgani 

John et Morgani Howell Kemmys recognoverunt de terris et catallis suis fieri et ad opus predicti ducis levari si 

contingent predictum Thomam ad predictum diem Jovis defaltum facere vel interim aliquod quod in lesionem 

pads dicti ducis vel disturbacionem tenendum sive residencium dominiorum et membrorum predictorum facere 

et inde debito modo convinci etc. 

Marginal note: Ad quern diem idem Thomas Vaghan, armiger, persona liter comparuit et nihil contra ipsum 

dictum etc. 

NEUPORT 

(Similar recognisance for 500 marks given by Sir John Morgan, kt., and undertaking to appear in person before 

the duke or his council in Newport Castle on the eve of Palm Sunday, 1477, and meanwhile to be of good 

conduct towards all tenants and residents within the duke's lordships. Mainpernors (each for 100 marks) : 

William Vaghan ap Guilim Philip, William Vaghan ap Guilim ap Rosser, William David Vaghan, Ris ap David 

Gogh and Thomas ap Jankyn. 

Marginal note: Ad quern diem dictus Johannes Morgan, miles, hie comparuit etc. 

NEUPORT 

Similar recognisance for 200marks given by Lewis Vaghan and undertaking to appear etc. Mainpernors : 

Morgan ap David ap Guilim ap Meuric (for £40), Morgan John, Hugh Flemmyng, William David Kemmys and 

Philip David Lia (for ,£20 each), and Ris David Gogh, for 20 marks. 

Marginal note: Ad quern diem dictus Lodwicus Vaghan hie comparuit etc. 



No. 4. ASSIZE ROLL OF THE GREAT SESSIONS IN THE LORDSHIP OF BRECON IN 1503 
(Lord Stafford's MSS. No. 100 

BRECHONIA [M.I & dorse] 



46 



Letters patent (not dated) of Edward, duke of Buckingham, earl Hereford, Stafford, and Northampton and lord 
of Brecon, appointing his brother Henry Stafford, John Kyngesmylle, king's Serjeant at law, John Yakesley, 
Serjeant at law, Robert Turbrevile, John Scotte, Andre Wyndesore, William Denys, Richard Littylton, Roger 
Bodenham Walter Vaghan, Thomas Slade, Walter Rowdon, William Huntele John Guntour, Humphrey 
Bannaster and John Russell as justices in eyre in the lordship of Brecon. Two of the justices were to be a quorm 

in which one of the following was to be included: John Kyngesmyll John Yakesley, John Scot, Andrew 
Wyndesore, William Denys, Richard Littilton, Roger Bodenham, Walter Rowdon and William Hunteley. 



No. 6. ORDINANCES FOR THE LORDSHIPS OF BRECON AND HAY MADE BY THE KING'S 
COUNCIL IN 1518 

st. ch. 2/35/21 

An ordre and direction taken by the mooste reverende father in God, Thomas, lorde Legate latere and cardinall, 
archebisshopp of York, legate of the See Apostolique, primate of England and chaunceler, the right mighty and 
high prince the due of Norfolk, the right reverende father, Thomas, bisshopp of Duresme, the erle of Surrey, the 
Lorde Burgeenny, Sir Thomas Lovell, knight, and other of the kinge's mooste honorable counsaill, assembled th 
e 26th day of Novembre in the I Oth yere of the reigne of our souveraigne lorde king Henry the VHIth, in the 
Sterred Chambre at Westminster , for a finall and perpetuall determinacion and appaising of all andJ almaner 
variaunces, controversies and debates heretofor mooved and nowe depending bifor the said lordes bitwene the 
due of Buckingham and his tenauntes of his severall lordships of Brecknock and Haye. 
First, that all the said duke's tenauntes shall suf re the said due and his o icers to levye and distraigne for 
th'arrerages of his rentes and services, dettes and other his lawfull forfaitours, casueltes and tallages growen or 
herafter to be due by the lawe and custume of his said lord ships and landes there , withoute resistens with 
force, rescous or any other unlawfull impediment or lett against the lawe. 

Alsoo, that all the said inhabitantes , tenauntes and resiauntes that nowe be or herafter shalbe of the said 
lordships, that be wonte and have used to appier at sessions at Brecknock and Hay, shall peseablye appier at the 
sessions to be holden there bifor the said duke's commissioners and soo from sessions to sessions, withoute 
having or wering of ony harnes or wepon there, and in leke wyse they shall apper byfore the seyd duke's 
steward or lieutenaunt within the seid lordshipps at the seid duke's courtes . 

Alsoo, that all the said inhabitauntes, resiauntes and tenauntes that nowe be or herafter shallbe, shall suffre the 
said comissioners, stewardes and lieutenauntes of the said due and his heyres to kepe the said sessions and 
courtes , and procede in the same ayenst all murderers, ravisshers of women and all other felons, riottours and 
offendors against the lawe, withoute interupcion or lett in ony wise, and alsoo shall peseably suffre the said duke 
s of cers to make and levie execucion of any thing determyned and adiudged in the said sessions and courtes. 
Alsoo, for an indifferent and finall determinacion and apoinctement of sessions in his said lordships herafter to 
be kept, it is ordred and decreed by the said mooste reverende father and th'other, for asmuche as the said 
tenauntes, inhabitauntes and resiauntes of the said lordship of Brecknoke have founde suf cient suerties which 
stande bounden to the said due by recognisaunce in the somme of 2000 marckes, and the said tenauntes and 
inhabitauntes of the said duke's lordship of the Haye have in like maner founde suffcient suerties which stande 
bounden to the said due by recognisaunce in the somme of £ 140, as by the said recognisaunces in the said 
duke's chaunceryes of the said lordships of Brecnoke and Haye more playnly doth apier, that the said due shall 
holde no more sessions at Brecknock, nother at Hay, except oonly the sessions now adiourned unto the last day 
of February next coming, to be at that day dissolved untill the first day of Octobre which shalbe in the yere of 
our lorde God a thousande, fyve hondrith and 21, and that from thensforth the said due at his pleasure shall 
holde sessions at and in every of the said lordships twyse in the yere for the due minustracion of justice and 
punisshement of of~endours. Soo that the same due apoinct his said sessions soo to <be> kept bitwene the 
beguinyng of Octobre and the middle of Marche, and at none other tyme of the yere to . the molesting or 
inquietacion of his said tenauntes, nother for inordinate vexacion of the same his tenauntes, to th'entent to coarce 
theim to redeme his said sessions. And for the whiche, it is ordred and decreed that the said due soo setting and 
keping his sessions in eyr yerely twize in the yere shall not continue ony of theim over and above the space of 8 
daies. And, if the said due wilbe content to forbere his said sessions in eyr from 3 yere to 3 yere, that then the 
said tenauntes, resiauntes and inhabitauntes of all and every the said lordships where the said due may kepe 
sessions in eyr may redeme the same sessions, if they will make due and humble pursuyte to the said due and his 
of~cers soo to doo, if the said due therunto wull aggre and the said hoole tenauntes, or the more partie of them. 
Alsoo, if ony parson be or shalbe attached for suspect of murdre or felony and not taken with the meanour or 
dede, that than suche parsauns to be letten to bayle upon sufficient suerties to be founden t'appier at the sessions 



47 



or other place within the said lordship where suche parsauns have used t'appier and there to be delyverd and 
ordred acording to the lawe and reasonable custume there. And that the said bondes, be it by recognisaunce or 
otherwise, shalbe taken of recorde in the said duke's chaunceryes there and in noon other place. 
And if ony parson or parsons be suertie for ony felon happier in the sessions or in the courte there at a certaign 
day, if the said suerties bring the said felons to warde bifor the day that they ar bounden to bring the said 
prisouner in, that then suche suerties to be discharged of the said bondes. And, if ony parson be attached for 
suertie of peace, that the same parsauns, upon sufficient suertie founde aftre the lawe and custume there for 
keping of the peace, be sett at libertie. 

And if ony baretours or ony seditious or misordred parsans for breking of the peace, confederacies or other actes 
against the lawe, be attached, if they fynde sufficient suertie of their good abearing, be sett at libertie, orels to 
remayne in warde. 

Alsoo, if the said duke's offcers doo surmyse any forfaict upon any parson or parsons for the breking of the 
peace or of good abearing or of any other forfaict upon the said surmise, that the said officers shall make noo 
distrayne of goodes nor catalles for levyng of the said forfaict upon the said surmise, nor the bodye of the parson 
or parsons that is surmitted to offende be comitted to prison, if he or they can fynde any sufficient mainprise, 
untill a traill of the said surmise be had by 12 men, confession of the partie, defaute of the partie or for lacke of 
aunswer of the partie. And, in case the said partie put hym to the triall of 12 men, that then the stuarde or 
lieutenaunte there shall, upon every of their first othes, make an indifferent panell and that then the partie upon 
whome suche for faicture is presented shall have therunto noo chalenge. 

Wherel also divers chalenges hath heretofor been used within the said lordships for the delaye of the trewe triall 
of the said offendours, wherof oon a principall chalenge is that oon of the jurye is of kynne to the partie, pi 
~aintif — or def (endant~ . An other principall chalerige called veterate, otherwise called v olde rancorous malice' 
; that the juror, or oon of his auncestors within the fourth degre of mariage, hath murdred or slayne oon of the 
kynne of the plaintif or defendant within the 4th degre of mariage to ony of theim. It is ordred and decreed by 
the said mooste reverende father and other of the said mooste honorable counsaill that the said chalenges shall 
not be alowable onles the partie soo chalenged be by trewe lyne within the fourth degre of consanguinite to ony 
of the said parties. And, as to the said chalenge called veterate, it is ordred that the said chalenge shall not be 
allowable onles the partie soo chalenged have murdred the kynnesmen of the partie so chalenging within the 4th 
degre of consanguinyte, as is aforsaid, within 10 yeres next and immediatly bifor the said chalenge. It is alsoo 
ordred that other causes of chalenge that may induce corupt favour shalbe good cause of chalenge, and noon 
other chalendge except oon of thise 3 aforsaid chalenges shalbe alowable. 

It is alsoo by the said mooste reverende father and th'other ordered and decreed that, for the said sommes of two 
thousande marckes to be paied by the said tenauntes, inhabitauntes and resiauntes of Brecknok aforsaid to the 
said due, and for the somme of £ 140 to be paied by the said tenauntes, inhabitauntes and resiauntes of the said 
lordship of Haye, that the same due shall, by his severall pardons ensealed with his grete seale of his chauncery 
within every of the said lordships, remitte, <discharge~ and pardonne all and every of the said tenauntes, 
inhabitauntes and resiauntes of almaner of murdres, rapes, felonyes, riots, routes, trespases and all and singuler 
of~ences, contemptes and necligences, whatsooever they be, in misdoing, not doing or otherwise doon or 
committed by ony of theim bifor the first day of Octobre last past, murdre wherof the said tenauntes, 
inhabitauntes or resiauntes or ony of theim bifor the first day of Octobre last past were <convicted~ or attaincted 
oonly except. And alsoo, of almaner of dettes by recognisaunce for apparance for the peace, good abearing, 
fynes, issues, amerciamentes and other forfaictours whatsoever they be, being due to the said due by ony of the 
said tenauntes, inhabitauntes and resiauntes bifor the first day of Octobre aforsaid, except suche recognisaunce 
as be made to the said due for his rentes, fermes or ony other due dett to the said due with certaigne clauses of 
proviso to be conteigned within the said pardonne ; that is to say, that the said pardonne shallnot extende to 
Llywelyn ap Morgan ap David Gamme, late of Brecnok aforsaid, gent., William Vaghan of Talgarth in the 
Marches of Wales, gent., Thomas Vaghan of the same, gent., and Jenkyn Hawarde, late porter of the castell of 
Brecknock aforesaid, gent., nor to ony of their suerties, nother to ony dettes by recognisaunce or obligacion 
wheryn ony of the said tenauntes, inhabitauntes and resiauntes stande bounden joinctlye and severally as 
suerties for the said Llywelyn, William, Thomas and Jenckyn or ony of theim, and that the said par- donne 
extende not to ony of the said duke's offcers that nowe be, or heretofor hath been, for ony misdemeanour or 
misbehavour in excercising, touching or concerning their said offces. 

Alsoo, it is decreed by the said mooste reverende father and th'other that the said tenauntes, inhabitauntes and 
resiauntes that nowe be or herafter shalbe, shall fulfill, observe, kepe and performe all and singuler articles 
comprised in this present decre which by theim or ony of theim are to be observed, kept and performed, upon 
payn of forfaictur unto our souveraign lorde the king of 1000 marckes for every tyme that they theryn shall 
offende. 

Also, it is decreed and ordred by the said mooste reverende father and th'other that if at ony tyme herafter ony 
ambiguyte or doubt shall fortune to arise upon the interpretacion of ony article comprised or conteigned in this 
present ordre and decre, that than the same doubt and ambiguyte to be opened, interpreted and declared by the 



48 



said mooste reverende father, orels by the chaunceler of Englonde for the tyme being. And that aswell the said 
due as the said tenauntes, inhabitauntesand resiauntes shall stande to the said interpretacion and declaration soo 
by the said mooste reverende father, or by the said chaunceler for the tyme being, to be made, interpreted or 
declared. 

It is alsoo decreed by the said mooste reverende father that Morgan ap John ap Hoell ap Guilam and Thomas ap 
John ap Hoell ap Guilam shall make restitution of 26 beestes, price ,£8 I3s. 4d., whiche were from Jenkyn ap 
Thomas ap Morgan wrongfully taken bifor the said first day of Octobre. Alsoo, that Thomas ap Hoell ap 
Morgan make lyke restitution to Ieuan ap Rice ap Owen of 4 oxen, price 26s. 8d., whiche alsoo 

were taken from hym as is aforsaid. Alsoo, that John ap Llywelyn ap Morgan ap David ap Hoell make lyke 
retitucion to Hangharyed ap Morgan of 4 oxen, price 26s. 8d., which were from her lykewise taken. Also, that 
Thomas ap John ap Guilam Vaghan make like restitution to Morgan ap Thomas and Ieuan Gwynne ap Morgan 
of 67shepe, price £3 which were from theim in lyke maner taken. 

And, to th'entent that this present ordre and decre taken bitwene the said due and his said tenauntes, by their full 
and hoolle consent, shalbe from henseforth perpetually inviolably observed on every behalve, it is ordred and 
decreed that the same decre shallnot allonly remayn in the bokes of the Sterred Chambre sufficiently regestred 
for a perpetuall memorye, but alsoo that the same shalbe entred of recorde in the kinge's rolles of his 
cha~ncerye, oute of the whiche it is ordred and decreed that every of the said parties to whome aperteynith 
shall sue and have exemplifications of the same acte, ordre and decree undre the kinge's grete seale, to reyayn in 
their severall custodies, to th'entent that noon of theim all pretende ony ignorance in the same. 

~End of the roll.~ 
1502 -3 Lewis Vaughan who had been beadle of Newport failed to give in the accounts three times was 
imprisoned in Newport castle - He escaped 



49 



1674 John Vaughan of Plas Gwyn 15 

2nd earl of Lisburne by his elder son, also WilmotVaughan 23 

2nd earl of Rochester 10 

3rd earl of Carbery, 15 

a John VAUGHAN 43 

Abby of Lacock 19 

Abercyfor Estate at Llandyfaelclog 14 

Aberystwyth castle 9 

Abigail Barney 32 

accessory to a murder 23 

Acton 9 

Acts of Union of Henry VIII 9 

Adam Moleyns 25 

Adda ap Llewwlyn 10 

Agencourt 3 

Agincourt 7 

Agincourt, 1415 32 

Agricultural College 15 

Albury, Oxon 27 

Alice daughter to John Egerton Earl of Bridgewater 17 

Alice Vaughan 32 

AliceVaughan wife of Robert Whitney, 7 

All Souls College, Oxford 9 

Alswn daughter and heir to Griffith ap Rees ap Madog an Rhyryd flaidd 17 

ALTERA SECURITAS 19 

amanuensis 12 

America 10 

ancestor of the Vaughans of Cwmgwili and Pen-y-banc 4 

Angharad daughter and heir of Medd ap Owen Prince of Wales 16 

Ann Vaughan, 30 

Ann Vaughan, grand-daughter and heir of the said John and Llenca 6 

Ann, daughter of Paul Delahaie of Alltyrynys 23 

Anne daughter of John Butler 4 

Anne daughter of John Owen of Clenennau 11 

Anne daughter of the house of Nannau 11 

Anne Laugharne 6 

Anne Vaughan 9, 10 

Anne Vaughan, Duchess of Bolton 15 

Anne, daughter and heiress of Edward Vaughan 8 

Anne, heiress of John, duke of Norfolk, 25 

Anne, the second daughter and heiress of Edward Vaughan, married Sir Watkin Williams Wynn, 11 

apothecary and surgeon at Dee Bank 12 

Arabella Philipps of Picton Castle 20 

Arabella, Elizabeth and Bridget 20 

Arctic winter 22 

Arddyn daughter to Madog Vaughan ap Madoc ap Einion Hael ap Urien of Powys 17 

arms were\ 

azure a lion rampant or between an orle of eight roses of the second 5 

Arthur Bevan of Laugharne 20 

artist and violinist 32 

bankruptcy order 12 

Barcelona 13 

bardic licence 7 

baron of Fethard, Co. Tipperary 10 

Baron Vaughan of Mullingar 14 

battle at Barnet 3 

battle of Banbury 24 

battle of Bosworth 25 

battle of Mortimers Cross 3 

battle of Naseby 9, 20 

battle of St. Albans, 25 

battle of Tewkesbury 24 

beadle of Newport 47 

beheaded 33 

beheaded at Chepstow 24 

Ben Johnson 11 

Bernard Vaughan a Jesuit Preacher 13 



50 



Bibles for the poor 15 

Bishop Jeremy Taylor 15 

bishop of Menevia 14 

bishop Rowland Lee 23 

Bishop Rowland Lee 5 

Bishop Vaughan and Lamphey Palace 35 

Bleddyn ab Cynfyn 16 

Bleddyn ap Cynfyn prince of Powys 14 

blinded 11 

Bodidris (Denbighshire 32 

Bodleian Library, Oxford 7 

Body to King Henry VIII 7, 19 

Bodysgallen 32 

bomb 33 

Book of Llandaff 9 

borough of Brecon 23 

borough of Carmarthen in Parliament 15 

Brecknockshire and Herefordshire 23 

Brecon 22 

Brecon Castle 25 

Bredwardine 4 

Bridget Bevan 20 

Bridget daughter and heir to Thomas, Lord of Llanllur 17 

Bridget Vaughan 4 

Bridget, daughter of Thomas Lloyd, Llanllyr, Cards 15 

Broad Oak 6, 18 

Brochwel Ysgythrog 32 

Brycheiniog 3 

BrynHafod 19 

Bryn y Beirdd ( Llandeilo 14 

buccaneers 15 

built by Anthony Keckley for the Cornewall family 4 

burial at Kington 7 

Bushell's Case 8 

cadet branch of the Vaughan family of Golden Grove 22 

Cadwgan, lord of Nannau, son of Bleddyn ap Cynfyn 30 

Caer-gai estate 9 

Caernarvonshire 9 

Caet-gai was burnt down 9 

Cambria's 16 

Cambriol 21 

Camerario Segreto do Cappa e Spada to Pope Pius X 14 

cannon 16 

Capability Browne 4 

captain at the battle of Naseby 9 

Captain Vaughan' slain at Hopton 10 

Carbery 14 

Cardiff 13,22 

Cardigan 9, 22 

Cardiganshire 9 

Cardinal Vaughan 13, 14 

Carmarthen 20, 22 

Carmarthen grammar school 20 

Carmarthenshire 24 

Carmarthenshire and Cardiganshire 14 

case of murder 7 

castellated mansion 24 

Catherine ( 1594-1663), daughter of Griffith Nanney (b. 1568 30 

Catherine daughter and eventual heiress of Hugh Nannau 11 

Catherine daughter of Sir Thomas Johnes of Abermarlias 4 

Catherine daughter to Henry ab Trahaiarn Morgan of Midlescomb Esq. - Vaughan of Hengwrt calls it Bodllysgwn 17 

Catherine Gonway of Bryn Euryn 10 

Catherine Morgan of Midlescwm 18, 22 

Catherine Nanney 11 

Catherine Wise 26 

Catherine, daughter of Jenkin Havard 23 

Catherine, daughter of John ap Robert ap John ap Lewis ap Meredith of Glynmaelda 30 



51 



Catherine, daughter of Morrice ap Robert, heir of Llangedwyn, 8 

Catherine, daughter of Sir George Herbert of Swansea 23 

Catherine, daughter of the second son, Rowland Vaughan 23 

Catherine, daughter of William Herbert, lord Powis 8 

Catherine, daughter of William, 1st lord Powis 8 

Cathrin daughter of Morgan ap Davidd ap Madoc ap Davidd Van ap David ap Griffith ap Iorwerth ap Howel ap Maredd ap 

Sandde 17 

Cefn Triscoed Llandeilo 18, 20 

Celynin 8 

chamberlain to the prince of Wales 25 

chancellor and receiver of the lordships and manors of Brecon, Hay, Cantrecelly, Penkelli, and Alexanderston 23 

chapel of Pant Glas' 10 

charity schools 20 

Charles 1 14 

Charles Jerome Vaughan 14 

Charles Vaughan 4 

Charles Vaughan (d. 1636) of Tretower, 26 

Charles Vaughan of Cwnngwili 29 

Charles Vaughan, 7 

chief justice of Carmarthenshire, Cardiganshire, and Pembrokeshire 20 

chief justice of the court of Common Pleas 8 

Christ Church\; Oxford 15 

Christopher Bidmede 14 

Christopher Vaughan son of Henry Vaughan, was sheriff of Brecknock 26 

church pla 23 

churchwarden of the parish church at Llandrillo-yn-Rhos 10 

Cilgodan estate 23 

Civil War 9, 11, 14 

Clarendon 8 

Clyro Radnorshire 13 

coat of arms was\ 

gules three boys' heads each with a snake proper entwined around each neck 5 

coat of arms, three boys heads with a snake entwined about their necks, 3 

Colluden 13 

Collwyn ap Tangno 9 

Colonel Vaughan of Rug 11 

combined estates of Glanyllyn, Llwydiarth and Llangedwyn 11 

command of the Royalist Association of the three western counties 14 

commander of the Leeward Islands 10 

commission of the peace for Merioneth 30 

Commission of the Peace in Radnorshire.Herefordshire and Brecknock 5 

commission to seize in the king's name 7 

commissioner of tenths of spiritualities in Radnorshire 5 

commissions of 'oyer et terminer' 24 

commissions of oyer and terminer 7 

commissions to survey church plate 23 

committed to the Tower 20 

Committee for Compounding 14 

common recovery 12 

Company of Adventurers to Newfoundland 21 

Comptroller of the Household to the Prince of Wales 14 

comptroller of the prince's household 18 

condemned to a traitor's death 33 

conflict with the deputy-governor 15 

constable of Aberystwyth castle 3 

constable of Cardigan castle 24 

constable of Harlech 11 

constable of Harlech Castle 11 

constable of the castle of Huntingdon 7 

Constance, daughter of James, lord Audley 23 

convicted usurer of Rumney, John ap David Vaughan 44 

Conway 32 

CoppetHill 13 

coroner of Cardiff 24 

Corsygedol estate 11 

Countess was "a woman fit to converse with angels and apostles, with saints and martyrs 15 

Court of Chivalry 20 



52 



Courtfield 13 

Courtfield and Welsh Bicknor 13 

Coventry Parliament 7, 24, 25 

Crecy 3 

Cromwell 18, 19 

Crosswood estate 9 

Culloden 13 

Cyhylin ab Rhun 17 

Cynfyn ab Gwerystan 16 

Cynwrig 11 

Dafydd ap Ieuan ab Einion 11 

Dafydd Fychan of Llin~vent in Llanbister 7 

Dafydd Gam 32 

daughter and heir to Rees ab Meirchion 16 

daughter and heiress of Sir Walter Bredwardine 3 

daughter and heiress of the old Welsh family of Corsygedol 11 

daughter married Thomas Vaughan a younger son of Plas Gwyn 12 

daughter of Dafydd ap Cadwgan ap Phylip Dorddu 7 

daughter of Hugh Nanney of Nannau 9 

daughter of James, lord Audley 24 

daughter of Ralph Nevill Earl of Westmoreland 19 

daughter of Sir Walter Devereaux 3 

daughter Sybil, wife of Hugh Lewis, Harpton 7 

daughter to Madog Fychan ap madig ab einion hael, ab Urien of main Gwynedd 17 

David ap Madoc 17 

David Ellis, son of Rowland Ellis of Gwanas 30 

David Fychan of Garth eryr 17 

David Vaughan 19 

David Vaughan succeeded, 7 

David Vaughan, described as of Trimsaran and Lletherychen 28 

death of David VAUGHAN 43 

defence of the Tower of London 25 

defense of Harlech Castle 11 

Denise, daughter of Thomas ap Philip Vaughan of Talgarth 24 

denizenship 25 

deprived of his living 27 

deputy lieutenant of Radnorshire 5 

deputy lieutenants 9 

Derllys Court 20 

Derwydd 20 

died, at Martinique 10 

Dinas 23 

Dinas, 23 

disabled from sitting in the Commons 20 

dissolution of the monasteries 5 

Dolmelynllyn 30 

Dorothy, daughter of Howell Vaughan of Glanllyn 8 

Dr John Vaughan from 18 

Dr E. Roland Williams 22 

Dr Gifford Bishop of Rheims 13 

Dr. John David Rhys 7 

Dr. John Davies of Mallwyd, 30 

Dragon and a Greyhound 19 

drowned 33 

DRYMBENOG ap , MAE NARCH, lord of Brycheiniog 3 

duchy of Buckingham 7 

duke of Beaufort 24 

duke of Monmouth 20 

duke of York 7 

Dunraven 4 

earl of Carbery 9, 14 

earl of Carlisle 15 

earl of Essex 14 

Earl of Essex 5 

Earl of Plymouth 4 

earl of Shrewsbury 33 

earl of Warwick 7 



53 



earl of Warwick , the kingmaker 3 

earl of Warwick's 24 

earl's chancellor at Cardiff 24 

earldom became extinct 15 

earls of Essex 3 

Edgecote, near Banbury 7 

Edward Cornewall of Stapeton and his son inherited Moccas and purchased Bredwardine 4 

Edward de Charleton, lord of Powys, 8 

Edward III 3 

Edward IV 24,25 

Edward Mansel 28 

Edward Owen of Hengwrt, parish of Llanelltyd 30 

Edward Stillingfleet, 9 

Edward Vaughan 9, 10 

Edward Vaughan of Glan-llyn and Llwydiarth 8 

Edward, prince of Wales 25 

Edwinsford 7 

Efa daughter to Gronw ab Carogan Saethydd Hinfach 17 

Efa daughter to Madig ab Vrien ab Einion.ab Les.ab Idnerth benfras of Maesbrook 17 

Einion 11 

Einion Ffyll 17 

Eleanor daughter of Robert Whitney 3 

Eleanor, daughter of Sir Thomas Arundel 25 

Eleanor, illegitimate daughter of Edmund, earl of Kent 24 

Eleanora Vaughan of Plas Gwyn 15, 23 

election in Caernarvon town, 9 

Elen daughter of Thomas Vaughan squire of Cystanog 12 

Elen sister of John Vaughan 14 

Elen Vaughan 13 

Elin Vaughan 30 

Elinor Protheroe of Nantyrhelig 20 

Eliza Louisa daughter of John Rolls , the Hendre Monmouthshire 13 

Elizabeth 10 

Elizabeth Baker 12 

Elizabeth daughter of Sir Henry Wogan 3 

Elizabeth daughter of Philip Jones of Llanarth 13 

Elizabeth daughter of Rowland Vaughan of Porthaml 4 

Elizabeth daughter of Thomas Thomas of Meidrim 20 

Elizabeth Mary Vaughan 6 

Elizabeth Wise 26 

Elizabeth, daughter and heiress of David ap Robert of Llangyndeyrn 21 

Elizabeth, daughter of Edmund Meyrick of Ucheldre 30 

Elizabeth, daughter of Sir James Baskerville of Eardisley 8 

Elizabeth, daughter of Thomas and Elizabeth Thomas (nee Protheroe), Meidrym 20 

Elizabeth, eldest daughter of Thomas Watson, Berwick-on-Tweed 10 

Elizabeth, his grandson, Rowland Vaughan 23 

Ellen Gethin 7 

Ellen Vaughan 9 

Ellen, daughter of Sir Thomas Cornewall 7 

Elsbeth Vaughan 9 

Elvell, Melenith Gwerthrynion 7 

Elystan Glodrudd 7, 19 

Emanual Evans 16 

English Mission 13 

Epitaph of Lady Vaughan in St Peter's Church Carmarthen 16 

escaped to Spain, 13 

esquire of the body to Henry VII 11 

estate in Montgomeryshire, Merionethshire, and Denbighshire 8 

estates and grants of Sir Thomas Browne 25 

Eugene Vaughan JP 18, 23 

Eugenius Philalethes 27 

Eva daughter to Adda ap Awr of Trevor 17 

Evan ab Cyhylyn 17 

Evan Lloyd 30 

Evan Lloyd Vaughan 11 

executed 5, 25 

execution 24 



54 



executors of Selden's will 9 

extinct in the male line with Sir Robert, Vaughan 8 

Fallestone Wiltshire 4 

family moved to live on her estates 5 

family name being preserved by the heiress's family 11 

Ffances daughter and heir to Sir John Altham of Orbi in Oxfordshire Kt 17 

fifth in descent from John Owen Vaughan of Llwydiarth 8 

first earl of Carbery 20 

first wife Malet, he was the father of John Vaughan 10 

Fishguard 5 

Flores Solitudinis, 26 

forester of Cantrecelly 24 

Frances, base daughter of Thomas Somerset 23 

Frances, daughter of John Vaughan 8 

Frances, daughter of Sir John Altham, Oxhey, Herts 15 

Francis Vaughan 14 

Francis Baynham Vaughan 14 

Francis daughter and heiress of Sir Robert Knolles of Porthaml 4 

Francis daughter of Walter Pye 4 

Francis Laugharne 5 

Francis Vaughan 15 

Francis Vaughan after Harry's 4 

Friars Park Carmarthen 14 

From Modern Wales -David Williams Murray 1950 17 

future Henry VII at Corsygedol 11 

gatehouse at Corsygedol 11 

gelignite 33 

GelliGatti 6 

Gelli Oer, the Cold Grove 15 

Gelligatty 6 

General in the Spanish Army 13 

general pardon 7, 25 

George Herbert 26 

George II 13 

George Vaughan of Plas Gwyn and Llandefaelog 18 

Germany 10 

Glyn 10 

Glyn in Llandrillo-yn-Rhos 10 

Golden Grove 14, 19,21,22 

Golden Grove book 16 

Golden Grove estate 6, 14 

Golden Grove family 12, 18 

Golden Grove near Llandilo 19 

governor of Berwick 10 

governor of Jamaica 15 

Gower and Kidwelly 24 

Gowers of Castle Maelgwyn 6 

grand-daughter of Sir Walter Devereux 7 

grandson of Rhys ap Meredydd of Ysbyty Ifan 10 

Gray's Inn 20 

Gray's Inn 10, 14 

Great Council of England 25 

great grandaughter Mary Elizabeth 9 

great granddaughter of Hugh Lewis of Harpton 4 

Greyhound argent collar'd Gules 19 

Griffith 11 

Griffith ap Jenkin, lord of Broughton 33 

Griffith Jones, Llanddowror 20 

Griffith Vaughan 11 

Griffith who inherited Corsygedol 11 

Griffri ap Rhys Vongam 32 

Gruffudd ap Ieuan ap Madoc ap Gwenwys 32 

Gruffydd ap Rhys of Dinefwr 14 

Gruffydd, great-great grandson of Celynin 8 

Gryffydd Fychan 17 

Gwaun 5 

Gwaythfoed Prince of Cardigan March 16 



55 



Gweaethfoed fawr of Powys 16 

Gwempa 28 

Gwengraig 30 

Gwenllian daughter of Llewelyn ap Gwilym 19 

Gwenllian daughter of Llewelyn ap Gwilym of nearby Bryn Hafod 7 

Gwervyl daughter to Gruffydd ab Rhys ab Gryffydd ab Madoc ab Iorwerth ab Madog ab Ryryd ffaidd 17 

Gwerystan ab Gwaethfoed 16 

Gwilym ap Thomas, Esq 7, 19 

Gwilym Vychan 5 

Gwladus, was heir of Llwydiarth 8 

Gwladys 3 

Gwladys, daughter of Dafydd Gam 3, 7, 24 

Gwyneddigion Society of London 32 

Gwynfardd Dyfed 5 

Gwynne Vaughan 21 

Gwynne Vaughan of Jordanston 29 

Gwynne Vaughan of Jordonston in Pembrokeshire 21 

Gwysaney 9 

Haer daughter to Cyllyn ab Blaiddrhydd o'r Gest 16 

half brother William Herbert 24 

Hammersmith 32 

Harry Vaughan 4 

Harry Vaughan of Moccas and Bredwardine 4 

Harry Vaughan of Moccas and Bredwardine heir 4 

Haverfordwest 14, 20 

Haverfordwest and Milford Haven Telegraph 33 

Haverfordwest Wesleyian Methodist 29 

heir of Sir Roger Vaughan of Tretower 25 

heir was Roger Vaughan 4 

heiress of Richard Baynham of Aston Ingham Herefordshire 5 

heiress of the Dunraven and Pen-bre estates 4 

Hengwrt 12 

Hengwrt library\; 30 

Henry Donne 24 

Henry Myle of Newcourt 23 

Henry of Monmouth 13 

Henry Rees of Roch 6 

Henry Tudor Earl of Richmond 19 

Henry V 3,32 

Henry Vaughan 10, 18, 22, 24 

Henry Vaughan of Plas Gwyn 18 

Henry Vaughan (I) 10 

Henry Vaughan (II) 10 

Henry Vaughan of Derwydd 20 

Henry Vaughan of Glanrhydw 18 

Henry Vaughan of Pant Glas, 10 

Henry Vaughan of Plas Gwyn 18 

Henry Vaughan the Silurist 26 

Henry Vaughan was 'deceased' 10 

Henry Vaughan, Gelli-goch, Machynlleth 29 

HENRY VAUGHAN, SILURIST 26 

Henry VII 19 

Henry VII, 25 

Henry VIII's pardon roll 23 

Herbert M. Vaughan, 1937 19 

Herbert Vaughan ( Cardinal Vaughan)Archbishop of Westminster 13 

Hergest 7 

Hergest, Blethvaugh, Nash, and Llaneinion 7 

heritic 17 

High Sheriff 18,28 

High Sheriff for Merioneth 11 

High Sheriff of Caernarvonshire 11 

High Sheriff of Carmarthenshire 18 

High Sheriff of Carmarthenshire in 1746 23 

Hirlas Horn at Golden Grove 19 

Holy Dying, 14 

Holy Living, 1650, 14 



56 



Hopton castle, Shropshire 10 

house designed by Robert Adams 4 

House of Commons 14 

Howel Fychan described as of Trimsaran 28 

Howell ap thomas of Perth-hir 13 

Howell Vaughan 30 

Howell Vaughan (d. 1639), of Gwengraig 30 

Howell Vaughan, of Vanner, sheriff of Merioneth 30 

Hugh Evans of Berth-lwyd in Llanelltyd 30 

Hugh Fychan of Cedweli 17 

Hugh Nanney of Nannau, Merioneth 9 

Hugh Vaughan 30 

Hugh Vaughan of Hengwrt 12 

Hugh Vaughan of Hengwrt and Jonet Nanney 11 

Hugh Vaughan of Llether Llesty 18 

Hugh Vaughan, Esq., of Kidwelly, Gentleman Usher to King Henry VII' 15 

HughWynn 32 

Humphrey Kynaston 24 

Humphrey Pugh of Aberffrydlan 30 

Humphrey, duke of Gloucester 32 

hundred pieces of cannon 22 

Hynych daughter and heir to Eynydd ab Morris 16 

ill-treatment of his servants and tenants at Dryslwyn 14 

illegitimate children are ascribed to Sir Roger Vaughan 24 

illegitimate son of Sir Roger Vaughan of Tretower 8 

impeach 14 

in Montgomeryshire 9 

indulgence for those who would pray for her husband's soul 7 

Inner Temple 8 

Inner Temple in 1658 15 

Irish campaign of 1599 14 

Isabella the daughter of David VAUGHAN 43 

Ivanni Vaghan ap Ievan ap Howel, 38 

James 6th of Scotland and 1st of England 18 

James Usher, archbishop of Armagh, 30 

James Vaughan 6, 13 

JAMES VAUGHAN 8 

James Vaughan and his son James Vaughan 6 

James Williams of Abercothi 21 

Jane daughter of David ap Morganap John ap Phillip 4 

Jane daughter to Morus ab Owein ap Griffith ap Nicholas of Llechdwnni 17 

Jane Steadman 9 

Jane the daughter of John Stedman 10 

Jane Thelwall, heir of Plas-y-ward 8 

Jane Vaughan 30 

Jane, daughter of Robert Owen, Ystumcegid 30 

Jane, daughter of Sir Thomas Palmer of Wingham 14 

Jane, lady Ferrers 26 

Jane.daughter of Edward Price, Tref Prysg, Llanuwchllyn 9 

Jasper Tudor 11, 25 

Jasper Tudor, earl of Pembroke 24, 25 

Jeffrey of Pale 30 

Jeremy Taylor 14 

Jesus College 26 

Jesus College, Oxford, 21 

Joan daughter of Miles ap harry of Newcourt 4 

Joan and Elizabeth, sisters and co-heirs Henry Myle of Newcourt 23 

Joan married . his second son, Walter Vaughan of Moccas 23 

Joan Townshend, of Shropshire 10 

Joanna Bridges, heiress of the estate of Mandinam, Llangadog 15 

John ab Ynyr, 30 

John Allen of Carreg Lwyd 15 

John ap Gwilym of Gillow Herefordshire 13 

John Ashburnham 4 

John Aylmer, bishop of London 32 

John Brown of Ffrwd 28 

John Earl of Carbery 17 



57 



John Evans of Trefenty gent 6 

John F Vaughan 14 

John Francis Vaughan 13 

John Francis Vaughan, 13 

John Fychan of Golden Grove 17 

John Guy of Bristol 21 

John Hastings Earl of Pembroke 3 

John Jones of Gellilyfdy 30 

John Laugharne of St. Brides 6 

John Lewis of Llynwene 7 

John Lloyd JP 23 

John Lloyd of Berth 12 

John Mason's map of Newfoundland published about 1622 22 

John Mitford (later Baron Redesdale 12 

John Owen Vaughan 8 

John Parker of Devon 15 

John Purcell of Nantcribba 8 

John Selden 30 

John Selden,\; 8 

John Thomas John farmer of Penddaulwyn 12 

John Thomas John 13 

JohnVaghan 36, 37, 39 

John Vaghan, 37 

John Vaughan 3, 5, 8, 9, 10, 13, 14, 15, 18, 20, 21, 22 

John Vaughan , an illegitimate son of Watkin Vaughan 3 

John Vaughan (1769-1831), 3rd earl of Lisburne 23 

John Vaughan and his wife Ellen 9 

John Vaughan co-adjutor bishop of Salford 13 

John Vaughan of Abergavenny 5 

John Vaughan of Courtfields 13 

John Vaughan of Cuckoo, Haverfordwest 33 

John Vaughan of Derllys 20 

John Vaughan of Golden Grove 18 

John Vaughan of Golden Grove ( 15 

John Vaughan of Huntingham 13 

John Vaughan of Narberth 29 

John Vaughan of Plas Gwyn 23 

John Vaughan of Stepney 17 

John Vaughan, 1 st Earl of Carbery 20 

John Vaughan, Cefnbodig 29 

John Vaughan, Golden Grove 20 

John Vaughan, the second viscount Lisburne 10 

John Wesley 28,29 

JohnWyclif 17 

John, Vaughan who was the 3rd and last earl of Carbery 15 

John Vaughan 10, 18 

Jonet daughter of John, Lord Strange of Knocking 17 

Joseph Vaughan O.S.B 13 

juries were not to be fined for returning a verdict against the direction of the judge 8 

justice Sir John Vaughan , of Trawsgoed, Cards., 10 

Katherin second daughter of Gruffydd ap Rhys of Dinefw 14 

Katherine Vaughan 10 

keeper of Henry VI's great wardrobe 25 

Kenelm Vaughan 13 

Kerne Bridge 13 

killed by an arrow 3 

killed in the Civil War 10 

killing the mayor of Carmarthen\; 8 

Kit-KatClub 15 

knighted 8, 20, 23 

La Torre, 36 

Lady Alice Egerton, daughter of John, 1st earl of Bridgwater 15 

Lady Elizabeth 19 

Lady Katherine Vaughan 29 

lady Mostyn 32 

Lampley v. Thomas 9 

Lanteg 37 



58 



Laugharne 5 

lawless fishermen 16 

Leland 23 

Letitia daughter of Sir John Perrot 14 

Letitia, daughter of Sir William Hooker 10 

Lettice Lloyd of Maesyfelin, Lampeter 28 

Lettice Vaughan 5 

Lewis Glyn Cothi 8, 24 

Lewis Gwyn Vaughan 31 

Lewis Owen , baron of the Exchequer of North Wales 30 

Lewis Vaghan 44 

Lewis Vaughan 43, 47 

Lewis Vaughan of Jordanston 29 

LewisVaughan 3 

Liberty of Prophesying 15 

Lieutenant Colonel Barry St Leger of St Margaret's, Westminster 28 

Lieutenant Cook 28 

Lieutenant General Sir John Vaughan 10 

Llan-llrwch church, Carmarthenshire 20 

Llanafan, Cards 9 

Llanarmon Dyffryn Ceiriog 

9 

Llanbedr, Painscastle and Rhulen 3 

Llandeilo-fawr 14 

Llandswywe Church 11 

Llandydie Church 17 

Llanelli- church 17 

Llanfair Nant-Gwyn 31 

Llanfihangel Cwm-du, Brecknock 23 

Llanfihangelyng-Ngwynfa, Montgomeryshire 8 

Llangar 9 

Llangedwyn 8 

Llangeler Carmarthenshire 16 

Llangyndeyrn 15, 21, 22 

Llansantffraed 26, 27 

Llanynys, Denbs 9 

Llechryd and Cwn Du 3 

Llenca 5 

Llether Cadfan 6, 18 

Lleucu daughter to Hywell Goch ab Mared Van ab Medd henab Hywell ab Medd ab Bleddyn ap Cynfin 17 

Llewelyn 5 

Lloyds of Leighton and Marrington 33 

Lloyds of Maes-mawr 33 

Llwydiarth 8 

Llwydiarth, Llan gedwyn, and Glan-llyn 8 

Llywellyn 11 

Llywelyn ap Ieuan ap Philip ap Iorwerth 44 

Llywelyn ap Morgan ap David Gamme 46 

Llywelyn Fychan 10 

Llywelyn Vaughan 44 

Llywelyn Vaughan\; 43 

Lodwicus Vaghan 44 

Lollard 33 

Lord Ashburnham 4 

Lord Baltimore's settlers 22 

Lord Burghley 4 

lord lieutenant of the militia 14 

lord of Cantrecelly and Penkelly, owner of Merthyr Tydfil and Llandimore, and various lands in Glamorgan 24 

Lord Somerset 25 

Lords Falkland and Baltimore 21 

Lords of the Admiralty 10 

lords-lieutenant of Cardiganshire 10 

lordship of Brecknock, 25 

lordship of Gower 25 

Lordship of Kidwelly 28 

Lordship of Talgarth 3 

lordship~ of Brecknock, Hay, and Huntingdon 7 



59 



lordships of Cantrecelly, Penkelly, Alexanders ton, and Llangoed 24 

Louis de Gruthuyse 25 

Lowry neice of Owain Glyn Dwr 11 

Lowry, daughter of Griffith Derwas of Cemes, 30 

1st earl of Carhery 21 

1st earl of Lisburne 23 

Luck of Courtfield 13 

Lucy Vaughan 9 

Lucy Walter 20 

Lucy, daughter of chief justice Sir John Vaughan , of Trawsgoed, Cards 10 

Ludford 25 

Ludlow 14 

Madam Bevan 18, 20 

Madoc Cyffyn 17 

Madoc of Hope in Worthen 33 

Madog ab Medd 17 

MadogGoch 17 

Major General Rowland Laugharne 5 

Major John Francis D.L. of Carmarthen 6 

Mallwyd 9 

Margaret daughter of Sir Evan Lloydof Bodidris Denbyshire 11 

Margaret married as his second wife Charles Vaughan of Hergest 5 

Margaret daughter of Rhys ap Gwilym ap Llewelyn ap Meyrick 4 

Margaret daughter of Sir William Vaughan of Porthaml 5 

Margaret daughter to Sir Gelly Meirick Kt 17 

Margaret Mansel of Swansea 28 

Margaret Morgan of Mudlescwm 28 

Margaret Vaughan 9, 30 

Margaret Williams of Ystradffin, 28 

Margaret, daughter of Bonham Norton of Church Stretton 10 

Margaret, daughter of Edward Owen of Hengwrt, parish of Llanelltyd, 30 

Margaret, daughter of Griffith ap Jenkin, lord of Broughton 33 

Margaret, daughter of Sir Gelly Meyrick 14 

Margaret, daughter of Sir William Vaughan of Porthaml 8 

Margaret, lady Powis 24 

Margaret, who married Sir Roger Mostyn 11 

Margery daughter of Richard Monington 5 

Marl estate 10 

married David Jones Gwynne of Taliaris Carmarthenshire 11 

married Edward Cornewall of Stapeton 4 

Mary daughter to Gruffidd Rice fitz Urien Esq 17 

Mary Vaughan of Derwydd 28 

Mary Vaughan of Tre-cwn 29 

Mary, daughter of Maurice Wynn, Glyn, near Harlech 29 

Master in Chancery 12 

Master of the Bench of the Inner Temple 8 

master of the king's ordnance 25 

Matilda verch Ieuan ap Rees 3 

Matthew Herbert, rector of Llangattock 26 

Maurice ap Robert, Llangedwyn 8 

Maurice Lewis 29 

Maurice Wynn, Glyn 29 

mayor of Carmarthen borough 20 

Medd ab Bleddyn 16 

medical handbook 22 

Mefenydd 9 

member of Gray's Inn 10 

Member of Parliament 20 

Member of Parliament for Brecknockshire 23 

Member of Parliament for Cardigan 10, 23 

Member of Parliament for Carmarthen 20 

Member of Parliament for Carmarthen borough 14 

Member of Parliament for Carmarthenshire 14 

Member of Parliament for Radnor borough 8 

member of Parliament for Radnorshire 5 

Member of Parliament for Radnorshire 7 

Member of Parliament for the Montgomery boroughs, 8 



60 



Meredith Lloyd of Welshpool 30 

Milford Haven 14 

Milford Haven in Pembrokeshire 19 

Mill Hill Fathers 13 

Moccas and Bredwardine 4 

Mont gomeryshire 8 

Moreiddig Warwyn 5 

MOREIDDIG WARWYN 3 

Moreiddig Warwyns 29 

Morgan ap Jenkin 'ap Philip' of Gwent 26 

Morgan ap Thomas ap GrufFudd ap Nicolas 24 

Morgan Gamage 24 

Morrice ap Robert, heir of Llangedwyn 8 

mortgaged the property 6 

Mortimer's Cross 24 

Moms Fychan ap Ieuan 10 

Morvydd daughter of Ynyr King of Gwent 16 

Mr Robert Vaughan of Hengwrt 17 

Mr. King, in his Munimenta 24 

murders and felonies 33 

Nannau and Hengwrt 12 

Nanteg 37 

Nash, near Presteign 7 

National Library of Wales 9, 16 

Neath abbey 24 

Nest daughter to Cadell ap Brochwell Prince of Powys 16 

New Cambriol's 16 

New Camhriol 21 

New Wales 16 

Newfoundland 16 

Newlander's Cure 16, 22 

Newport castle 47 

niece Margaret wife of Sir Roger Mostyn bart 11 

niece to Blanch Parry queen Elizabeth's maid of honour 4 

Norman Castle 24 

Nova Scotia 16 

nuns 13 

of Sir Roger Vaughan 3 

offices of steward, receiver, and master of the game in Herefordshire and Ewyas, 25 

Old Pembrokeshire families 43 

Olor Iscanus 26 

one of the lewdest fellows of the age 15 

ordained in Rheims 13 

Order of the Golden Fleece 25 

order of the Privy Council 25 

Oriel College, Oxford 30 

Orpheus Junior 21 

Osbwrn Wyddel 11 

outlawed 13, 33 

Owain Glyn Dwr 8, 32 

Owain Glyn Dwr 11 

Owain Tudor 24 

Owen Glyndwr 24 

Owen Jones 32 

Owen Vaughan, Llwydiarth, Mont 8 

Owen Vaughan 8 

Oxford 9 

Pant Glas lands 10 

Pant-mawr farm in Broniarth 33 

pardon 8, 13, 23 

pardoned for murder 5 

pardoned on 9 July 1491 23 

Parliamentarians 9 

Parliamentary fleet 14 

Parochialia of Edward Lhuyd 10 

Paul Delahaie of Alltyrynys 23 

Pembrey 17 



61 



Pembrey Church 28 

Pembroke 14, 29 

Penarth Manuscript 156 16 

Pendine Great house 29 

Pennsylvania\; 30 

Pentre Meyrick estate 28 

Penybanc Issa - Abergwili 29 

Philip Malpas 25 

Philipps Laugharne 6 

Phillip Vaughan of Carmarthen 14 

Picton Castle 6 

pierced with a lance 33 

Pill 20 

Pill on Milford Haven 14 

piracy 29 

pirate 21 

pirates and privateers 16 

Pistyll Meugan 31 

plague at Presteigne 8 

Plas Gwyn 18 

Plas Gwyn LLandyfaelog 18, 22 

Plas Iolyn, Voelas, Cernioge, and Rhiwlas 10 

Plas-mawr (Conway 32 

Plas-yn-ddol, in Edeirnion 11 

Poems 26 

poet 24 

Pontfaen 5, 6 

Pontfaen Farm in the Gwaun Valley 6 

Pontfaen House 6 

Poor Knights of Windsor 11 

porter of the castle of Bronllys 24 

Porthaml 23 

Porthaml and Newcourt 23 

Poyer and Laugharne 14 

Prayer Book into Welsh 9 

president of the Royal Society 15 

Price of Gogerddan North Wales 16 

priests 13 

Prince Charles forces 13 

Prince Charles to Madrid 18 

princes of Powys 8 

Privy Council 22, 24 

Puritans 32 

Quakers 32 

Queen Elizabeth's pardon roll 23 

queen Margaret 25 

Queen Mary's pardon roll 23 

Queen, Elizabeth of York 19 

R. v. Athos 9 

Rachel, daughter of Sir Henry Vaughan, Derwydd 20 

Raleigh's captains 21 

rebuilt Plas Hen Llanystumdwy 11 

rebuilt Bredwardine Castle 4 

rebuilt Corsyedol 11 

receiver of the lordship of Brecon 7 

rector of Tilston, Cheshire 8 

recusants 32 

Recusants Rolls 13 

Red Book of Hergest 7 

Red Dragon the Engsigne of Cadwalader 19 

relict of Hugh Tudor of Egryn 30 

resigning his commission 14 

Restoration 14 

Restoration 9 

returned to Parliament for Merioneth 8 

Rev Hetwall Henry Mainwaring rector of Etwell 9 

Rev. Hugh Pryse 12 



62 



Rhosier Hen 3 

Rhun ab Einion 17 

Rhys 11 

Rhys and Sion Cain 30 

Rhys ap Robert ap Owen 5 

Rice Vaughan 21, 29 

Rice Vaughan, sheriff 32 

Richard Vaughan 14 

Richard Arden 6 

Richard Clarke of Wellington Herefordshire 13 

Richard Earl of Carbery Lord Molingar and Emlyn Kt of Bath Lord President of the marches of Wales and one of his 

Majesties most Honorable Privy Council married 17 

Richard Grey 33 

Richard III 25 

Richard III 19 

Richard Richard 12 

Richard Vaughan 7, 11, 13, 15, 18, 20 

Richard Vaughan Bishop of Bangor/Chester/London 31 

Richard Vaughan Lord Vaughan of Golden Grove 14 

Richard Vaughan inherited Courtfield 13 

Richard Vaughan of Derllys 18 

Richard Vaughan of Shenfield in Essex, 15 

Richard Vaughan of Whitland 29 

Richard Vaughan, 20 

Richard Vaughan, second Earl of Carbery 19 

Richard Vaughan's 13 

Richard, duke of Gloucester 25 

River Wye 4 

Robert ap Rhys left his Dolgynwal lands 10 

Robert Devereux Earl of Essex 29 

Robert Howell Vaughan 12 

Robert Howell Vaughan 12 

Robert Owen (d. 1685) , of Dolserau 30 

Robert Powell s daughter 12 

Robert Powell Vaughan, 30 

Robert Raglan 24 

ROBERT VAGHAN 30 

Robert Vaughan 12, 30 

Robert VAUGHAN 43 

Robert Vaughan of Monmouth 25 

Robert Vaughan, Hengwrt 9 

Robert Vaughan, sheriff of Radnorshire 8 

Robert Vaughan, son of Tudor Vaughan of Caerynwch 30 

Robert Whitney 7 

Roger and Thomas Vaughan 5 

Roger ap Roger of Tyle-glas 23 

Roger Mortimer 3 

Roger Vaughan 4, 5, 7, 8, 23, 32 

Roger Vaughan (see Vaughan family of Clyro 7 

Roger Vaughan and Margaret's son Roger Vaughan 5 

Roger Vaughan of Bredwardine 24 

Roger Vaughan of Clyro 8 

Roger Vaughan of Talgarth 23 

Roger Vaughan of Tyle-glas 23 

Roger Vaughan third son of Thomas ap Roger Vaughan of Hergest 4 

Roger Vaughan-see Vaughan family of Porthaml 24 

Roger Vaughan, of Talgarth, 23 

Roger Vychan 3 

Roger William Vaughan Archbishop of Sydney 13 

Roman catholic priest 13 

Rowland Laugharne 14, 20 

Rowland Philipps Esq., of Orlandon, 5 

Rowland Philipps of Orlandon a cadet of the Picton Castle family, 6 

Rowland Vaughan 4,9, 23 

Rowland Vaughan ( 9 

Rowland Vaughan (c. 1590-1667), of Caer-gai, Merioneth, 9 

Rowland Vaughan died 9 



63 



Rowland Vaughan of Bredwardine 4 

Rowland Vaughan was imprisoned in Chester 9 

Royal Armes of Henry VII 19 

royal palace' at Cardiff 24 

royalist 22 

Royalist 19 

Royalist forces 20 

Royalist forces in Pembrokeshire 14 

Ruardean Glostershire 13 

Rug 12 

S. John's College, Cambridge 32 

S.P.C.K 20 

Sage daughter of John Mansel of Stradey 28 

Sage Philips of Derwydd 20 

Samual Starbuck 32 

Samuel Butler 14 

Samuel Pepys 15 

Sarah Phillips of Llanybydder 21 

scurvy 16, 22 

sea-sickness 22 

second son, Thomas Vaughan 23 

seneschal of the lordship of Brecknock 7 

she slew, with her own hand 7 

sheriff of Brecknock 23, 26 

sheriff of Brecknockshire 23 

Sheriff of Brecknockshire 5 

Sheriff of Carmarthen Town 18, 22 

sheriff of Carmarthenshire 20, 21 

Sheriff of Carmarthenshire in 1557 4 

Sheriff of Herefordshire 3 

sheriff of Merioneth 8 

sheriff of Montgomeryshire 8 

sheriff of Radnorshire 5 

Sheriff of Radnorshire 5 

sheriffof Merionethin 1669-70 9 

Sibyl daughter of Howell ap Thomas Goch 5 

Sibyl fourth daughter and co-heiress of Thomas Vaughan of Llether Cadfan 6 

Sibyl Vaughan fourth daughter and co-heiress of Thomas Vaughan of Llether Cadfan 19 

signed Gruffudd Hiraethog's 7 

Silex Scintillans 26 

Silvanus Vaughan 8 

Sinai Lloyd, a widow of Oswestry 12 

Sion Hir ap Phylip Fychan 7 

Sir Charles Vaughan 4 

Sir Charles Vaughan of Dunraven 23 

Sir Charles Vaughan' s son 4 

Sir David Kirke 22 

Sir Edward de Cherleton lord of Powys 33 

Sir Edward Mansel, 2nd Baronet 28 

Sir Francis Bacon 16 

Sir Gelly Meyrick of Pembroke 5 

Sir Christopher Talbot 33 

Sir Godwin Philipps 6 

Sir Griffith ap Rice 23 

Sir Griffith Vaughan 17 

Sir GRUFFUDD VAUGHAN, (d. 1447), soldier, of Broniarth and Trelydan, parish of Guilsfield, Mont 32 

Sir Henry Bridgeman 12 

Sir Henry Grey, earl of Tancarville, 33 

Sir Henry Morgan 15 

Sir Henry Salusbury of Denbigh 22 

Sir Henry Vaughan 14 

Sir Henry Vaughan ( 1587 7-1659 ?), Royalist, 20 

Sir Henry Vaughan V'Knight Colonel to his late Majesty Charles 1 17 

Sir Henry Vaughan of Derwydd 14, 18 

Sir Henry Vaughan of Derwydd and Tygwyn 18, 20 

Sir Henry Vaughan of Golden Grove 20 

Sir Hugh Johneys knight of the Sepulchre 3 



64 



Sir Hugh Stafford, lord of Caus 33 

Sir John Grey 33 

Sir John Oldcastle, lord Cobham 33 

Sir John Perrot 29 

Sir John Philipps of Picton castle, Pembs 20 

Sir John Vaughan 14 

Sir John Vaughan of Golden Grove 18 

Sir John Vaughan of Golden Grove later 1st Earl of Carbery 18 

Sir Marmaduke Lloyd 26 

Sir Matthew Hale 8 

Sir Richard Herbert 3, 7 

Sir Richard Vaughan knighted at Tournai 3 

Sir Richard Whitbourne 21 

Sir Robert Harley 8 

Sir Robert Knolles of Porthaml 4 

Sir Robert Knollys 23 

Sir Robert Vaughan 8 

Sir Robert Williames Vaughan 30 

Sir Robert's widow 8 

Sir Roger Vaughan 24 

Sir Roger Vaughan of Tre tower 7 

Sir Roger Vaughan of Tretower 23 

Sir Simonds d'Ewes 30 

Sir Thomas Vaughan of Tretower 25 

Sir Thomas ap Harry or Parry 25 

Sir Thomas Stepney of Prendergast ( Haverfordwest 29 

Sir Thomas Stepney, the last baronet, Tor more than 3o years groom of the Bedchamber to H.R.H. Frederick, Duke of Yorl7 

Sir Thomas Vaughan 3 

Sir Thomas Vaughan of Monmouth /Tretower 25 

Sir ThomasVaughan 25 

Sir Walter Vaughan 4 

Sir Walter Vaughan's 4 

Sir Watkin William Wynn 9 

Sir Watkin Williams Wynn 3rd bart. of Wynnstay 8 

Sir William Alexander 16 

Sir William ap Thomas 24 

Sir William ap Thomas of Raglan 3 

Sir William Herbert 7, 24 

Sir William Vaughan 22 

Sir William Vaughan of Trecoed 18 

Sir' Philip Emlyn 25 

sister of John Vaughan 8 

sixth son of Thomas Vaughan of Farthingsbrook 6 

sold Dunraven 4 

son of Henry Vaughan (1 11 

south-east England 25 

south-west England 24 

Spain 13 

Spanish army 13 

SPCK ( Society for the Spread of Christian Knowledge 18, 23 

squires of Rhiwlas, Maesyneuadd and Rhiwddeiliog 12 

Sr. Griffith Vaughan of Gwenwys Kt 32 

Stedman of Strata Florida 10 

Sterred Chambre 47 

steward and receiver of the lordship of Dinas 23 

steward, constable, porter, and receiver of Abergavenny 25 

stewardship and receivership of the castle and lordship of Huntingdon, Herefordshire 7 

stewardship of the castles and lordships of Huntingdon and Kington 23 

Strata Marcella 32 

sub-grant of territory 16 

surveying the monastic houses and chapels 5 

Sybil, daughter of Sir John Baskerville 7 

taken prisoner 20 

taken under escort to London 5 

Talgarth, Brecknock 23 

Temple Church 9 

Tenby 14 



65 



Tenby Pembrokeshire 4 

Thalia Rediviva 26 

the abnormally stout Member of Parliament for Merioneth 11 

The Account of the Official Progress of His Grace Henry the First Duke of Beaufort through Wales 1684 19 

the ancient true Celtique or Brittish tongue 9 

The Cadet Families of the Vaughans of Golden Grove 18 

THE DECLINE OF THE WELSH SQUIRES 11 

the first of the family to live at Caer-gai 9 

the Floyd MSS 43 

The Golden Fleece (1626) 21 

The Golden Grove, Moralized in Three bookes\ 

A Work very Necessary for all such as would know how to Gouerne them selves, their Houses or their Country 15 

THE GREAT SESSIONS 43 

The Mount o.f Olives 26 

the next land beyond Ireland' a country 16 

the Privy Council 16 

The Vaughans of South Pembrokeshire 34 

the ward of Llywelyn the Great 11 

third son of Sir Roger Vaughan 23 

Thomas ap John ap Guilam Vaghan 47 

Thomas ap Rhys 14 

Thomas ap Rhys and Elen lived at Ravensdale Llangunnor 14 

Thomas ap Robert Fychan of Nyffryn, Llyn 32 

Thomas ap Roger of Hergest 3 

Thomas ap Roger Vaughan, son of Roger Vaughan of Bredwardine 7 

Thomas ap Roger- who founded the Vaughan of of Hergest family 3 

Thomas ap Thomas Fychan of Llether Cadfan 7, 19 

Thomas Cook 43 

Thomas Cromwell 5, 23 

Thomas David Rhys of Blaenant 6, 19 

Thomas Dinley 19 

Thomas Hobbes 8 

Thomas Kerslake 30 

Thomas Prys of Plas Iolyn 10 

Thomas Reed of Carmarthen ap Thomas Reed hen 28 

Thomas Vaghan 46 

Thomas Vaghan, 44 

Thomas Vaughan 4, 7, 10, 12, 13, 18, 19, 23, 24, 27, 43, 44 

Thomas Vaughan of Hergest 7 

Thomas Vaughan Sheriff of Carmarthenshire 4 

Thomas Vaughan (I) 10 

Thomas Vaughan (II), 10 

Thomas Vaughan (ffl)\; 10 

Thomas Vaughan (IV)\; 10 

Thomas Vaughan and Ellen 7 

Thomas Vaughan described then as being of Clyro 5 

THOMAS VAUGHAN Esq of Cwnngwili 28 

Thomas Vaughan of Cystanog 18 

Thomas Vaughan of Cystanog - Abergwili 12 

Thomas Vaughan of Farthingsbrook Pembrokeshire 6 

Thomas Vaughan of Farthingshook 6 

Thomas Vaughan of Llowes 5 

Thomas Vaughan of Vorlan Maenclochog gent and Margaret his wife 6 

Thomas Vaughan was twice married 10 

Thomas Vaughan, ( Sir Thomas Vaughan of Tretower who died c.1493) 43 

Thomas Vaughan' s heir 4 

Thomas Vichan ap Robert ap Rice 10 

Thomas Wyatt 15 

Three Torr,\ 24 

Torcoed 21 

Torre, 37 

Tower of London 30 

Town of the Tower 24 

Trawsgoed 9, 10 

Tre-twr, 24 

Tre'r twr 24 

Trecoed and Cambriol 21 



66 



tree which displayed the sign of the cross at St Donats 23 

Tref Prysg 9 

Trenewydd (Newton), Brecknock 26 

Tretower 7, 24 

Tretower Court 24 

TRETWR 24 

Tripaney Bay 21 

Tudo (or Dudo), daughter and heiress of Ieuan Goch of Trawsgoed 10 

Tudur Penllyn 7 

two oil portraits of the chief Justice in Wales 9 

Tybod daughter to Medd ab Tudor ab Gronw, ab Hywell y gadeir 17 

Tywi Valley 22 

Ultra Aeron 10 

uncle John Vaughan 13 

Upchurch, Kent 9 

uterine brother 7 

Vaghan's of South Pembrokeshire 1330's 36 

Vaughan 7 

Vaughan- Sheriff of Haverfordwest 32 

Vaughan family could claim continuous residence on the same site for six centuries 9 

VAUGHAN family of Bredwardine 3 

Vaughan Family of Corsygedol 11 

Vaughan Family of Courtfield Herefordshire 5 

Vaughan family of Courtfield Herefordshire 13 

Vaughan family of Golden Grove 14 

Vaughan family of Llwydiarth 9 

VAUGHAN family of Llwydiarth, Mont 8 

Vaughan Family of Tretower 26 

Vaughan family of Tretower Court 26 

VAUGHAN family, of Hergest, Kington, Herefords 7 

VAUGHAN family, of Trawsgoed (Crosswood\;), Cards 9 

VAUGHAN family, of Tretower Court 23 

VAUGHAN family, of ' Porthaml, 23 

VAUGHAN family, Pant Glas 10 

Vaughan house of Corsygedol 32 

Vaughan of Cystanog 12 

Vaughan of Moccas, 23 

Vaughan of Tretower family 3 

Vaughan pew 8 

Vaughan- minister of Rubuxton 31 

VAUGHAN, EDWARD 8 

VAUGHAN, EDWARD (d. 1661 ), Master of the Bench of the Inner Temple 8 

VAUGHAN, HENRY ( 1621-95) \; poet 26 

VAUGHAN, JOHN ( 1663-1722), Derllys Court 20 

Vaughan's Cove 22 

Vaughan' s of Tre-cwn 29 

Vaughans - Derllys Court Merthyr Carmarthenshire 20 

Vaughans - Derwydd Llandybie 20 

Vaughans -Marches 7, 43 

Vaughans of PONTFAEN 5 

Vaughans of Bredwardine 4 

Vaughans of Caer-Gai 9 

Vaughans of Cathedine 27 

Vaughans of Clyro Radnershire 4 

Vaughans of Coedkernew 27 

Vaughans of Conway 32 

Vaughans of Cwmgwili and Pen-y-banc 4 

Vaughans of Derllys Court 20 

Vaughans of Dolgwn Pencarreg 20 

Vaughans of Dunraven- see Bredwardine 5 

Vaughans of Dyffryn Achddu 6 

Vaughans of Gelli Gatti 6 

Vaughans of Gelli-gaer 27 

Vaughans of Gelli-goch 29 

Vaughans of Hengwrt 30 

Vaughans of Hergest 4 

Vaughans of Llanelli 29 



67 



Vaughans of Llether Cadfan 6 

Vaughans of Merioneth 11 

Vaughans of Merthyr Tydfil 27 

Vaughans of Moccas 4 

Vaughans of Nant-Gwyn 30 

Vaughans of Pont-faen 3 

Vaughans of Shropshire 10 

Vaughans of St Issels ( now Saunderfoot) Pembrokeshire 43 

Vaughans of Tregunter 23 

Vaughans of Trimsaran 17 

Vaughans of TRIMSARAN (PLAS), Pembrey 28 

Vaughans of Tyle Glas 7 

Vaughans of Whitland 29 

Vaughans, Earls of Carbery 15 

Vicar of Upchurch, Kent ( 1642 9 

viscount Lisburne, Co. Antrim 10 

W. D. Leathart 32 

Wales and the Marches in 1467 24 

Walter Vaughan 4 

Walter de Seys 39 

Walter Devereux 24 

Walter Fychan of Golden Grove 17 

Walter Seis 42 

Walter Seys 3,42 

WALTER SEYS 3 

Walter Vaghan 45 

Walter Vaughan 14, 17, 18 

Walter Vaughan of Golden Grove 18, 20, 21 

Walter Vaughan of Llanelly 18 

Walter Vaughan of Pembrey Court 29 

Walter Vaughan was the heir 8 

Walter Vaughan' s heir 4 

Walter Vaughan' s second son 4 

was Member of Parliament for Carmarthen 15 

was Roger Vaughan 23 

Watkin Vaughan 3,4, 7, 23 

Watkin Vaughan of Bredwardine 7 

Watkin Vaughan of Moccas and Bredwardine 4 

Watkin Vaughan, 7 

Watkin, Vaughan heir of Bredwardine 3 

Welsh Bicknor 13 

Welsh circulating schools 20 

welsh fortified manor house 24 

West Indies 10 

Westminster courts 9 

White Book of Hergest 7 

White Peyton 23 

widow of Roger Vaughan of Clyro 8 

widow of Sir James Berkeley, heiress of Tretower 24 

widow of Sir Thomas Browne 25 

wife of Richard Duke of York 19 

William 11 

William ap Jenkin 13 

William ap Jenkin alias Herbert lord of Wern-ddu Monmouthshire 13 

William David Vaghan, 44 

William Gwyn Vaughan of Trebarried 8 

William Hatclyf, physician to Henry VI, 25 

William Herbert Earl of Pembroke 4 

William Herbert, earl of Pembroke 24 

William Maurice of Cefn-y-braich 30 

William Michael Thomas John Vaughan 13 

William Morgan 32 

William Nicholson 15 

William Owen of Porkington 12 

William Powell of Brecs 28 

William Powell of Welshpool 12 

William Price, rector of Dolgelley 30 



68 



William Vaghan ap Guilim ap Rosser 44 

William Vaghan ap Guilim Philip 44 

William Vaghan of Talgarth 46 

William Vaughan 9, 11, 13, 15,23 

William Vaughan of Corsygedol 11 

WILLIAM VAUGHAN ( 1575-1641 ) author and colonial pioneer, 21 

William Vaughan of Corsygedol 11 

William Vaughan of Letheryclren 28 

William Vaughan of Rhydhelig 3 

William Vaughan of Tretower 23 

William Williams 1785 15 

Williamses of Marl 10 

WilliamWynne of Glyn, Merioneth 9 

Wilmot Vaughan 10 

Wilmot Vaughan, created earl of Lisburne 10 

Wilmot Vaughan, the third viscount 10 

Windsor castle 11 

writs of latitat' 9 

Wye 13 

Wynnes of Gwydir 30 

Wynns of Garth in Guilsfield 33 

YCwrt 17 

Ynyr Vaughan 30 

Yorkist 24 

Yorkists 7, 11 

Young Pretender 13 

younger son of John Vaughan of Golden Grove 22 

younger son of Robert ap Rhys 10 

Ysbyty Ifan 10 

Ysbytylfan 10, 11 

Ystradffin 28 

, John Poyer 14 

, Lewis Vaughan 44 

, Malet, third daughter of the 2nd earl of Rocheste 10 

, Robert Lloyd, 12 

, Roger Vaughan 5 

, William Herbert, earl of Pembroke 3 

, William Vaughan, described by Leathart as a native of Conway 32 

. Cromwell at Golden Grove? 19 

. James Vaughan was the heir 7 

. John Vaughan was his heir 8 

. Robert Vaughan 11 

. Sir John Wogan of Wiston, Pembs 25 

...Vaghan 39 

'John Vaughan 32 

'Terrible Double Murder 33 

'Tretower Court 26 

'William Herbert, earl of Huntingdan 7